An episode of the history of psychoanalysis in Italy, that has been almost completely forgotten, is narrated. It concerns the expulsion of two psychoanalysts (Luigi Antonello Armando e Massimo Fagioli) from the Italian Psychoanalytic Society (SPI) and the International Psychoanalytic Association (IPA). The vicissitudes that led to this expulsion begun just before the 1969 IPA Congress in Rome and ended in 1976. The reasons for this expulsion were related to different views on psychoanalytic theory and to the hierarchical system of psychoanalytic training in IPA-affiliated societies.
Keywords: Psychoanalytic institutions, politics of psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic training, power hierarchies within psychoanalytic institutions, dissent in psychoanalysis