Clicca qui per scaricare

Renewables, energy saving and welfare in Italian fragile rural areas
Titolo Rivista: SOCIOLOGIA E POLITICHE SOCIALI 
Autori/Curatori: Giorgio Osti 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  17 P. 102-118 Dimensione file:  226 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SP2016-003007
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 




The aim of the paper is to verify whether energy transition, seenas a development of renewable energy sources (RES) and energy savings,has an impact on welfare in rural areas where green energy infrastructureshave been installed. The study is based on two assumptions: the first is thatRES generally need wide spaces more frequently located in open, not built,rural areas; the second is that some rural areas are facing severe welfareissues like ageing of the population, poverty, and cutbacks in socialservices. We suppose that material and immaterial resources like new jobs,royalties, and social cohesion can derive to these exhausted communitiesfrom energy provision or saving. The study concerns four Italian rural areas,each selected because of the presence within it of an important energystructure. The framework for analyzing the two fields - welfare and energy - is a combination of the institutional and network approaches (Owen-Smithand Powell 2008). Both traditions of study meet the need to achieveknowledge on sectors deeply affected by public intervention (policies) andby restricted business circles (oligopolies).
Keywords: Energy; Welfare; Countryside; Fragile Areas; Transition

  1. Atella, V., Carabba, M., Kopinska, J. and Ginebri S. 2014. Le sfide del welfare nell’Italia che invecchia: welfare state e welfare society. Milan: I Quaderni della Fondazione Farmafactoring, n. 4.
  2. Bertin, G. and Carradore, M. 2015. Differentiation of welfare regimes: The case of Italy. International Journal of Social Welfare, 25(2), pp. 149-160.
  3. Bertolini, P., Montanari, M., and Peragine, V. 2008. Poverty and social exclusion in rural areas. Report to Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities. European Commission.
  4. Bouget, D., Frazer, H., Marlier, E., Sabato, S. and Vanhercke B. 2015. Social Investment in Europe. A study of national policies. European Commission, European Social Policy Network (ESPN)
  5. Carrà, E. 2014. Families, care and work-life balance services. Case studies of best practices. Milan: Vita e Pensiero.
  6. Carrosio, G. 2013. Energy production from biogas in the Italian countryside: policies and organizational models. Energy Policy, 63, pp. 3-9.
  7. Carrosio, G. 2015. Politiche e campi organizzativi della riqualificazione energetica degli edifici. Sociologia Urbana e Rurale, n. 106, pp. 21-44.
  8. Ciampolini, T. Mignosa, A. Viano, C. 2015. Rigenerare il Welfare: azioni di sistema anticrisi. Il caso S-NODI a Torino. Colloquio scientifico sull’impresa sociale, 22-23 maggio, Università Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria.
  9. Della Chiara, E., Montresor, E., Pecci, F. Perali, C.F. 2014. La distribuzione del benessere in Italia: diversità tra famiglie urbane e rurali. Agriregionieuropa, 10 (36), pp. 34-39.
  10. Di Iacovo, F. 2004. Multifunzionalità in agricoltura e sviluppo delle reti di protezione sociale: alcune ipotesi di lavoro. In Di Iacovo, F. a cura di. Lo sviluppo sociale nelle aree rurali. Metodologie, percorsi di lavoro e promozione della multifunzionalità in agricoltura nella Toscana rurale, pp. 141-156. Milan: FrancoAngeli.
  11. Dudwick, N. et al. 2011. From Farm to Firm. Rural-urban Transition in Developing Countries. Washington D.C.: World Bank Publications
  12. Ervik, R. and Kildal, N. (eds.) 2016. New Contractualism in European Welfare State Policies. London: Routledge.
  13. Eurostat, 2016. Almost a quarter of all city dwellers at risk of poverty or social exclusion. Newsrealase, 104/2016 - 30 May.
  14. Fantozzi, P. 1993. Politica clientela e regolazione sociale. Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino.
  15. Frolova, M., Prados, M-J. and Nadaï, A. 2015. Emerging renewable energy landscapes in Southern European Countries. In M. Frolova, M-J. Prados and A. Nadaï (eds.) Renewable Energies and European Landscapes: Lessons from Southern European Cases, pp. 3-24. Dordrecht: Springer.
  16. Giliberto, J. 2016. Enel vende 6 vecchie centrali elettriche, da Montalto a Porto Tolle, Il Sole 24 ore, 28 May.
  17. Giunta, G., Leone, L., Marino, D., Motta, G., Righetti, A., Marino, D. 2014. A Community Welfare Model Interdependent with Productive, Civil Economy Clusters: A New Approach. Modern Economy, 5(8), pp. 914-923.
  18. Hanlon, N. A. and Kearns, R. 2016. Health in Rural Places. In Shucksmith M. & Brown D. L. (eds.) Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies, pp. 62-70. London: Routledge.
  19. Hemerijck, A. 2015. The Quiet Paradigm Revolution of Social Investment. Social Politics, 22(2), pp. 242-56.
  20. Kaphengst, T., E. Karola Velten 2014. Energy transition and behavioural change in rural areas. The role of energy cooperatives. WWWforEurope, Working Paper n. 60.
  21. La Palombara, J. 1964. Interests Groups in Italian Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  22. Magnani, N. 2015. Politiche, agenzie e pratiche di retrofit energetico nelle città. Il caso di Bolzano. Sociologia Urbana e Rurale, 106, pp. 57-69. Maino, F. and Ferrera, M. (eds.) 2013. First Report on Second Welfare in Italy. Turin: Centro di Ricerca e Documentazione L. Einaudi.
  23. Massagli, E. (ed.) 2014. Il welfare aziendale territoriale per la micro, piccola e media impresa italiana Un’indagine ricostruttiva. Modena: ADAPT University Press.
  24. Mercer, S.W., Maxwell, M., Heaney, D. and Watt, G.C. 2014. The consultation and relational empathy (CARE) measure: development and preliminary validation and reliability of an empathy-based consultation process measure. Family Practice, 21(6), pp. 699-705.
  25. Milbourne, P. 2016. Poverty and welfare in rural places. In Shucksmith M. & Brown D. L. (eds.) Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies, pp. 450-461. London: Routledge.
  26. Osti, G. 2013. Land Use Tensions for the Development of Renewable Sources of Energy. In S. Lockie, S., D.A. Sonnenfeld, D.R. Fisher (eds.), Routledge International Handbook of Social and Environmental Change, pp. 319-330, London and New York: Routledge.
  27. Osti, G. 2016. The Unbalanced Welfare of Italian Rural Areas. In I. Mose, U. Grabski-Kieron, A. Reichert-Schick and A. Steinführer, European rural peripheries revalued: governance, actors, impacts, pp. 64-86, Berlin: LIT.
  28. Owen-Smith, J. and Powell, W.W. 2008. Networks and Institutions. In R. Greenwood, C. Oliver, R. Suddaby and K. Sahlin (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism, pp. 594-621. London: Sage.
  29. Phillips, J., Hustedde, C., Bjorkman, S., Prasad, R., Sola, O., Wendling, A., Bjorkman, K. and Paladine H. 2016. Rural Women Family Physicians: Strategies for Successful Work-Life Balance. Annals of Family Medicine, 14(3), pp. 244-251
  30. Russett, B.M. 1967. The Ecology of Future International Politics. International Studies Quarterly, 11, 1, pp. 12-31.
  31. Sabatier, P. and Jenkins-Smith, H. 1993. Policy Change and Learning: An Advocacy Coalition Approach. Boulder: Westview Press.
  32. Saraceno, C. 1994. The Ambivalent Familism of the Italian Welfare State. Social Politics, 1 (1), pp. 60-82.
  33. Terrapon-Pfaff, J., Dienst, C., König, J. and Ortiz, W. 2014. A cross-sectional review: Impacts and sustainability of small-scale renewable energy projects in developing countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 40: pp 1–10.
  34. Travaglini, G. 2015. Energia, i bonus non decollano, Sbilanciamoci.Info, 9 gennaio http://sbilanciamoci.info/energia-i-bonus-non-decollano-27809/, accessedon 28 June 2016.
  35. Van Der Ploeg, J. D. 2015. Family farming reconsidered. Agriregionieuropa, 11(43), pp. 3-7.
  36. Viganò, G. (ed.) 2014. Conciliare famiglia e lavoro in un’area rurale alpina. FrancoAngeli: Milano.

Giorgio Osti, in "SOCIOLOGIA E POLITICHE SOCIALI" 3/2016, pp. 102-118, DOI:10.3280/SP2016-003007

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche