Critique of society in the interpretative process - The process of psychoanalytic interpretation should include also a critique of society, i.e., an analysis of the social and economical dynamics that may influence the patients’ inner conflict. In other words, the analyst should pay attention both to the patient’s unconscious dynamics and to social dynamics, for example concerning power relationships, prejudices, interests linked to a given social class, etc. The theoretical aspects of this argument are discussed in detail, also regarding the relation between the concepts of "reality testing" and "reality principle", and some clinical example are presented. This paper originally appeared in German in issue no. 2, 1975, of Psyche,
and the Italian translation appeared in issue no 1/2, 1976, of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane. Here it is republished in order to remember Paul Parin, who died in Zurich on May 18, 2009, at the age of 92.
KEY WORDS: critique of society, psychoanalytic interpretation, adaptation, reality principle, reality testing