The use of non-compete agreements in Italy: an empirical study

Journal title GIORNALE DI DIRITTO DEL LAVORO E DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI
Author/s Tito Boeri, Andrea Garnero, Lorenzo G. Luisetto
Publishing Year 2023 Issue 2022/176 Language Italian
Pages 35 P. 609-643 File size 435 KB
DOI 10.3280/GDL2022-176006
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A growing body of empirical research shows the pervasiveness of labor market power (labor monopsony). Several sources contribute to this phenomenon, among which restrictions to la-bour mobility that reduce workers outside options. Non-compete agreements restrict employ-ees’ post-employment opportunities. This article presents the main findings of a first empirical study on the legal framework, use, incidence, and characteristics of non-compete agreements in the Italian labour market. In contrast to the traditional view, non-compete clauses are quite widespread even among low-wage workers who do not have access to confidential infor-mation. Potential policy measures are discussed in the conclusion.

Keywords: Non-compete agreements; Labour market regulation; Occupational mobility; Mo-nopsony; Competition.

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Tito Boeri, Andrea Garnero, Lorenzo G. Luisetto, L’uso dei patti di non concorrenza in Italia: uno studio empirico in "GIORNALE DI DIRITTO DEL LAVORO E DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI " 176/2022, pp 609-643, DOI: 10.3280/GDL2022-176006