Great Expectations? Young Southern Europeans Emigrating in Times of Crisis

Journal title MONDI MIGRANTI
Author/s Iraklis Dimitriadis, Giovanna Fullin, Maricia Fischer-Souan
Publishing Year 2019 Issue 2019/3
Language English Pages 25 P. 127-151 File size 226 KB
DOI 10.3280/MM2019-003007
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

This paper explores Italian and Spanish migrants’ experiences and imaginaries of home country labour markets as part of their motivations to migrate during the economic crisis. It argues that precarious employment conditions and images of dysfunctional labour markets drive them to leave Italy and Spain. Besides per-sonal experiences also images transmitted through media and informal social net-works play a role. In addition, it sheds light on the perceptions that young Italians and Spaniards have of the Berlin and London labour markets. The findings sug-gest that positive images of the Berlin and London economies, together with a lack of hope for sustainable economic recovery in the country of origin impact migra-tion decisions, and may also encourage migrants who face challenges in the labour market of destination countries to accept poor employment conditions, rather than leave the new society. The analysis is based on 69 in-depth interviews with young Italians and Spaniards, most of whom emigrated after 2008.

Keywords: Intra-EU migration, crisis, Italy, Spain, London, Berlin.

  1. Abrutyn S. and Mueller A.S. (2014). Reconsidering Durkheim’s Assessment of Tarde: Formalizing a Tardian Theory of Imitation, Contagion, and Suicide Suggestion. Sociological Forum, 29, 3: 698-719;
  2. Ambrosini G. (2011). Sociologia delle migrazioni. Bologna: il Mulino.
  3. Bartolini L., Gropas R. and Triandafyllidou A. (2017). Drivers of highly skilled mobility from Southern Europe: escaping the crisis and emancipating oneself. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43, 4: 652-673 DOI: 10.1080/1369183X. 2016.1249048.
  4. Bermudez A. and Brey E. (2017). Is Spain Becoming a Country of Emigration Again? Data Evidence and Public Responses. In: Lafleur J.M. and Stanek M., eds., cit.
  5. Bygnes S. and Flipo A. (2017). Political motivations for intra-European migration. Acta Sociologica, 60, 3: 199-212; DOI: 10.1177/0001699316659909.
  6. Caneva E. (2016a). Giovani italiani che emigrano: percorsi di vita inediti all’epoca della crisi economica globale. Mondi Migranti, 30, 3: 79-93.
  7. Caneva E. (2016b). La nuova emigrazione italiana: cosa ne sappiamo, come ne parliamo. Cambio-Rivista sulle trasformazioni sociali, 6, 11: 195-207;
  8. Castellani S. (2018). Scivolando verso il basso. L’inserimento lavorativo dei nuovi migranti italiani e spagnoli in Germania durante la crisi economica. Sociologia del lavoro, 149: 77-93; DOI: 10.3280/SL2018-149006
  9. Cocorullo A. and Pisacane L. (2017). La mobilità degli studenti Erasmus tra identità europea e nuova emigrazione. La rivista delle politiche sociali. Roma: Ediesse.
  10. Conradson D. and Latham A. (2007). The affective possibilities of London: Antipodean transnationals and the overseas experience. Mobilities, 2, 2: 231-254.
  11. Conti F. and King R. (2015). Of mentalità and raccomandazione: Comparing the emigration and internal migration of recent Italian graduates. Studi Emigrazione, 52, 197: 121-140.
  12. De Haas H., Fokkema T. and Fihri M.F. (2015). Return migration as failure or success? The determinants of return migration intentions among Moroccan migrants in Europe. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 16, 2: 415-429;
  13. Díaz-Hernández R. and Parreño Castellano J. (2017). The Recent International Emigration of Young Spaniards. The emigrants’ narrative versus the official and media perception. In: Dominguez-Mújica J. and Pérez García T., eds., European Mobility in Times of Crisis: The New Context of South-North Migration. Bielfeld: Transcript Verlag.
  14. Favell A. (2008). Eurostars and Eurocities. Free movement and mobility in an integrating Europe. Wiley-Blackwell.
  15. Fondazione Migrantes (2018). Rapporto Italiani nel Mondo 2018. Todi: Tau editrice; isbn: 8862447272.
  16. González Enríquez C. and Triandafyllidou A. (2016). Female High-Skilled Emigration from Southern Europe and Ireland after the Crisis. In: Triandafyllidou A. and Isaakyan I., eds., High-Skill Migration and Recession: Gendered Perspectives. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
  17. Griffiths D. and Maile S. (2014). Britons in Berlin: Imagined Cityscapes, Affective Encounters and the Cultivation of the Self. In: Benson M. and Osbaldiston N., eds., Understanding Lifestyle Migration: Theoretical Approaches to Migration and the Quest for a Better Way of Life. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
  18. Gropas R. and Bartolini L. (2017). Southern European Highly Skilled Female Migrants in Male-Dominated Sectors in Times of Crisis: A Look into the it and Engineering Sectors. In: Triandafyllidou A. and Isaakyan I., eds., High-Skill Migration and Recession: Gendered Perspectives. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
  19. King R. (2017). Theorising new European youth mobilities. Population, Space and Place, (on line on October 2017), e2117;
  20. King R., Lulle A., Conti F. and Mueller D. (2016). Eurocity London: a qualitative comparison of graduate migration from Germany, Italy and Latvia, Comparative Migration Studies, 4, 3;
  21. Lafleur J.M. and Stanek M. (2017). South-North Migration of eu Citizens in Times of Crisis. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  22. Lai V. (2014). Scatti fotografici: gli emigranti italiani nei media. In: Fondazione Migrantes Rapporto italiani nel mondo. Todi: Tau editrice.
  23. Padilla Estrada P. and Bienzobas S. (2013). No nos vamos, nos echan. Libre pensamento, 77: 26-33.
  24. Parutis V. (2014). ‘Economic Migrants’ or ‘Middling Transnationals’? East European Migrants’ Experiences of Work in the uk. International Migration, 52, 1: 36-55;
  25. Pichler E. (2017). Double emigration: geographical and cultural? The participation of Italian women in the German labour market. International Review of Sociology, 27, 1: 25-36; DOI: 10.1080/03906701.2017.1302136
  26. Pugliese E. (2018). Quelli che se ne vanno. La nuova emigrazione italiana. Bologna: il Mulino.
  27. Recchi E., Barone C. and Assirelli G. (2016). Graduate Migration Out of Italy: Predictors and Pay-Offs, Notes & Documents de l’Osc 03 --
  28. Reyneri E. (1998). The mass legalization of migrants in Italy: Permanent pr temporary emergence from the underground economy?. South European Society and Politics, 3, 3: 83-104; DOI: 10.1080/13608740308539548
  29. Rife S.C., Cate K.L., Kosinski M. and Stillwell D. (2016). Participant recruitment and data collection through Facebook: the role of personality factors. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 19, 1: 69-83; DOI: 10.1080/13645579.2014.957069
  30. Ricucci R. (2017). The New Southern European Diaspora: Youth, Unemployment, and Migration. Lexington Books; isbn: 978-1498552639.
  31. Ryan L. and Mulholland J. (2014). “Wives Are the Route to Social Life”: An Analysis of Family Life and Networking amongst Highly Skilled Migrants in London. Sociology, 48, 2: 251-267; DOI: 10.1177/0038038512475109
  32. Sacchetto D., Vianello F.A. and Andrijasevic R. (2016). Introduzione. Le migrazioni lavorative intra-ue: modelli, pratiche e traiettorie di mobilità dei cittadini europei. Mondi Migranti, 3: 23-31.
  33. Sanguinetti A. (2016). Nuove migrazioni italiane in Germania. In fuga dalla crisi. Mondi Migranti, 3: 65-78.
  34. Santoro M. (2017). Trasferirsi all’estero ai tempi della crisi. L’emigrazione dei giovani italiani a Manchester. In: Rebughini P., Colombo E., Leonini L., a cura di, Giovani dentro la crisi. Milano: Guerini e Associati.
  35. Sassen S. (2001). The Global City. New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  36. Simola A. (2018). Lost in Administration: (Re)Producing Precarious Citizenship for Young University-Educated Intra-eu Migrants in Brussels. Work, Employment and Society, 32, 3: 458-474; DOI: 10.1177/0950017018755653
  37. Tintori G. and Romei V. (2017). Emigration from Italy After the Crisis: The Shortcomings of the Brain Drain Narrative. Ιn: Lafleur J.M. and Stanek M., eds., cit.
  38. Triandafyllidou A. and Gropas R. (2014). ‘Voting With Their Feet’: Highly Skilled Emigrants From Southern Europe. American Behavioral Scientist, 58, 12: 1614-1633; DOI: 10.1177/0002764214534665
  39. Verwiebe R. (2011). Why do Europeans migrate to Berlin? Social-structural differences for Italian, British, French and Polish Nationals in the period between 1980 and 2002. International Migration, 52, 4: 209-230;

  • Before Landing: How Do New European Emigrants Prepare Their Departure and Imagine Their Destinations? Diego Coletto, Giovanna Fullin, in Social Inclusion /2019 pp.39
    DOI: 10.17645/si.v7i4.2381
  • Migrant Construction Workers in Times of Crisis Iraklis Dimitriadis, pp.113 (ISBN:978-3-031-18797-1)
  • Identity, Belonging and Strategic Citizenship. Considerations About Naturalisation Among Italians and Spaniards Living in the EU Iraklis Dimitriadis, Fabio Quassoli, in Journal of International Migration and Integration /2022 pp.1127
    DOI: 10.1007/s12134-021-00870-w
  • “Here, There, in between, beyond…”: Identity Negotiation and Sense of Belonging among Southern Europeans in the UK and Germany Fabio Quassoli, Iraklis Dimitriadis, in Social Inclusion /2019 pp.60
    DOI: 10.17645/si.v7i4.2386
  • Migrant Construction Workers in Times of Crisis Iraklis Dimitriadis, pp.213 (ISBN:978-3-031-18797-1)
  • On the Fringes of Social Protection: New Southern European Labour Migration to Germany Simone Castellani, in International Migration imig.12760/2020
    DOI: 10.1111/imig.12760

Iraklis Dimitriadis, Giovanna Fullin, Maricia Fischer-Souan, Great Expectations? Young Southern Europeans Emigrating in Times of Crisis in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 3/2019, pp 127-151, DOI: 10.3280/MM2019-003007