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La tutela del contraente debole nella platform economy
Titolo Rivista: GIORNALE DI DIRITTO DEL LAVORO E DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI  
Autori/Curatori:  Guido Smorto 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: 158 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  21 P. 423-443 Dimensione file:  266 KB
DOI:  10.3280/GDL2018-158008
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Negli ultimi anni si è affermato un nuovo modello di attività produttiva nel quale piattaforme digitali mettono in contatto gruppi interdipendenti di agenti economici per facilitare lo scambio di beni e l’erogazione di servizi. Dinanzi a questa trasformazione nell’organizzazione d’impresa, nel coordinamento del lavoro e nella struttura dei mercati, il diffuso appello a stabilire un "terreno di gioco neutrale" diviene la premessa per proporre la deregolamentazione di interi comparti economici valorizzando la capacità di autogoverno delle piattaforme. Mentre le reazioni a queste proposte sono confinate quasi esclusivamente alla questione del lavoro, è mancata finora un’analisi più generale dei rapporti di forza nell’economia di piattaforma. A partire da queste premesse, l’articolo intende offrire una riflessione critica sulla disparità di potere contrattuale nei rapporti tra piattaforme digitali, prestatori di servizi (lavoratori dipendenti o meno) e beneficiari della prestazione. L’articolo mostra come le piattaforme utilizzino le clausole contrattuali, la struttura dei propri siti e gli algoritmi che governano le transazioni economiche per sfruttare il proprio potere nei confronti di tutti gli utilizzatori della piattaforma e presenta alcune raccomandazioni al riguardo.


Keywords: Economia di piattaforma; Economia della condivisione; Lavoro digitale; Consumatori; Disparità di potere contrattuale; Condizioni generali di contratto

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  1. Marzia Barbera, Impresa, lavoro e non lavoro nell'economia digitale, fra differenziazione e universalismo delle tutele in GIORNALE DI DIRITTO DEL LAVORO E DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI 158/2018 pp. 403, DOI: 10.3280/GDL2018-158007
  2. Salvo Leonardi, Digitalizzazione, lavoro e contrattazione collettiva in ECONOMIA E SOCIETÀ REGIONALE 1/2019 pp. 46, DOI: 10.3280/ES2019-001005
  3. Marco Inglese, Regulating the Collaborative Economy in the European Union Digital Single Market pp. 67 (ISBN:978-3-030-30039-5)

Guido Smorto, in "GIORNALE DI DIRITTO DEL LAVORO E DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI " 158/2018, pp. 423-443, DOI:10.3280/GDL2018-158008

   

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