Problemi di psicoterapia

Author/s A cura di Paolo Migone
Publishing Year 2010 Issue 2010/114
Language Italian Pages 14 P. 53-66 File size 148 KB
DOI 10.3280/RT2010-114006
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The main features of the most widely used psychiatric diagnostic systems are briefly presented, namely the last editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-III of 1980, DSM-III-R of 1987, DSMIV of 1994, DSM-IV-TR of 2000, and DSM-V scheduled for 2013), the 10th edition (1992) of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) of World Health Organization (WHO), and the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM) published in 2006 by the international psychoanalytic community. Regarding DSM-III and DSM-IV, some methodological issues are discussed, namely validity vs. reliability, categories vs. dimensions, and monotethic vs. polytethic system, and some criticisms towards the draft of DSM-V are anticipated. Finally, the following topics are discussed: "descriptive" and "structural" psychopathology; diagnosis as a possible "defense" of the therapist; scientific and philosophical aspects of diagnosis; attempts at "suspending" our judgments and preconceptions; the nomotethic/ idiographic dichotomy.

Keywords: Psychiatric diagnosis, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), psychopathology, validity, reliability

A cura di Paolo Migone, Problemi di psicoterapia in "RUOLO TERAPEUTICO (IL)" 114/2010, pp 53-66, DOI: 10.3280/RT2010-114006