Thomas Aquinas: Theology of the Philosopher

Author/s Alessandro Ghisalberti
Publishing Year 2016 Issue 2016/suppl. 4
Language Italian Pages 16 P. 35-50 File size 112 KB
DOI 10.3280/SF2016-004-S1004
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The aim of the author in this essay is to reconstruct the thinking of Thomas Aquinas on the elenctic method used to defend the first principles of Christian theology and the sacra doctrina. Aquinas compares the indemonstrable principles of philosophical sciences with the dogmas of theological science; in effect, neither of the two can be properly proved but instead defended by a confutative approach. Then, an in-depth analysis of the SCG and of the Super De Trin shows that acceptance of the articuli fidei does not depend on apodictic and syllogistic demonstrations, but on probabilistic and persuasive argumentations. While dogmas cannot be syllogistically demonstrated, their bases (the so-called praeambula fidei) are nonetheless completely philosophical, and so they can be proved to anyone solely through reason. Finally, the author underlines the importance in Aquinas of the similitudo as an instrument by means of which theologists are able to validate the reasonability and the plausibility of the indemonstrable principles of faith.

Keywords: Elenchos, theological argumentation, princìpi primi, praeambula fidei, demonstrative reason, persuasive reason

  1. - Chenu 1985: Marie-Dominique Chenu, La teologia come scienza nel XIII secolo, Jaca Book, Milano 1985.
  2. - Corbin 1974: Michel Corbin, Le chemin de la théologie chez Thomas d’Aquin, Beauchesne, Parigi 1974.
  3. - Deferrari 1948: Roy Joseph Deferrari, A lexicon of St. Thomas Aquinas, Lucas, Baltimore 1948.
  4. - Fazzo 2002: Silvia Fazzo, Aporia e sistema. La materia, la forma, il divino nelle Quaestiones di Alessandro di Afrodisia, ETS, Pisa 2002.
  5. - Ghisalberti 2012: Alessandro Ghisalberti, Tra filosofia e rivelazione: i nomi divini in Tommaso d’Aquino, ≪Aquinas≫, LV (2012), pp. 107-133.
  6. - Gilson 1982: Etienne Gilson, Introduzione alla filosofia cristiana, Massimo, Milano 1982.
  7. - Irwin 1996: Terence Irwin, I princìpi primi di Aristotele, Vita e pensiero, Milano 1996.
  8. - Metaph.: Aristotele, Metafisica, traduzione italiana a cura di Giovanni Reale, Vita e Pensiero, Milano 1993.
  9. - Oliva 2006: Adriano Oliva, Les débuts de l’enseignement de Thomas d’Aquin et sa conception de la sacra doctrina. Avec l’édition du Prologue de son Commentaire des Sentences, Vrin, Paris 2006.
  10. - Pinborg 1993: Jan Pinborg, Topica e sillogistica nel Medioevo, in Riccardo Fedriga e Sara Puggioni (a cura di), Logica e linguaggio nel Medioevo, ed. LED, Milano 1993.
  11. - Super De Trin.: Tommaso d’Aquino, Commenti a Boezio. Super Boetium De Trinitate, a cura di Pasquale Porro, testo latino a fronte, Rusconi, Milano 1997.
  12. - Trottmann 1999: Christian Trottmann, La théologie comme science subalterne à celle de Dieu, in: Id., Théologie et noétique au XIIIe siècle. A la recherche d’un statut, Vrin, Paris 1999, pp. 146-155.

Alessandro Ghisalberti, Tommaso d’Aquino: la teologia del filosofo in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" suppl. 4/2016, pp 35-50, DOI: 10.3280/SF2016-004-S1004