The PEARLS for children project in Italy, Lithuania, and Poland

Author/s Maura Brandoni
Publishing Year 2023 Issue 2023/1 Language Italian
Pages 14 P. 19-32 File size 185 KB
DOI 10.3280/MAL2023-001003
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Between October 2020 and September 2022, PEARLS for children (a European project co-funded by the European Union), contributed to preventing and combating child maltreat-ment in Italy, Lithuania and Poland. The project proposed an integrated and multidiscipli-nary model centred on the training of professionals from the fields of education, health and medical care, law enforcement and social services, and the strengthening of collaboration between public and private social actors interfacing with minors and families. After 24 months, PEARLS for children has resulted in the training of 304 professionals, the in-volvement of 94 organizations and professionals who collaborated in the drafting of three strategies to improve systems for preventing and responding to cases of child abuse or mal-treatment.

Keywords: child maltreatment, resilience guardianship, training, multi-actor collaboration, child protection strategies.

  1. Adamson, P., Micklewright, J., Schnepf, S., & Wright, A. (2003). A League Table of Child Maltreatment Deaths in Rich Nations. Innocenti Report Card. Issue No. 5. UNICEF. 3 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017.
  2. Araújo, J. P., Lourenço, P., Azevedo, A., Friões, F., Rocha-Gonçalves, F., Ferreira, A., & Bettencourt, P. (2009). Prognostic value of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in heart failure: a systematic review. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 15(3), 256-266.
  3. Bannon, M. J., & Carter, Y. H. E. (2003). Protecting children from abuse and neglect in primary care. Oxford: University Press.
  4. Browne, K. D., & Herbert, M. (1997). Preventing family violence. Chichester: Wiley.
  5. Browne, K. D. (2002). National prevalence study of child abuse and neglect in Romanian families. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe.
  6. Cawson, P., Wattam, C., Brooker, S., & Kelly, G. (2000). Child maltreatment in the United Kingdom. London: NSPCC.
  7. Chapman, D. P., Whitfield, C. L., Felitti, V. J., Dube, S. R., Edwards, V. J., & Anda, R. F. (2004). Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood. Journal of Affective Disorders, 82(2), 217-225.
  8. Consiglio d’Europa (2012). Raccomandazione CM/Rec (2012) del Comitato dei Ministri agli Stati membri sui diritti dell’infanzia e sui servizi sociali per i bambini e le famiglie. (Disponibile online:
  9. Corso, P. S., Edwards, V. J., Fang, X., & Mercy, J. A. (2008). Health-related quality of life among adults who experienced maltreatment during childhood. American Journal of Public Health, 98(6), 1094-1100. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.119826
  10. Creighton, S. J. (2002). Recognising changes in incidence and prevalence. In: K. D. Browne (2002). Early prediction and prevention of child abuse: A handbook. Chichester: Wiley, 5-22.
  11. Department for Education and Skills and Department of Health (2006). Referrals, assessments and children and young people on child protection registers, England – year ending 31st March 2006. London: National Statistical Service.
  12. Di Paola, L., Nocentini, A., Bettini, P. M., & Leonetti, R. (2020). Nurse Home Visitation Program per la riduzione del rischio di maltrattamento infantile: una prima valutazione dell’intervento dell’Unità Funzionale Complessa Salute Mentale Infanzia e Adolescenza e Centri Consulenza Giovani dell’Azienda Usl Toscana Centro-Firenze. Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia, 22(3), 89-112. DOI: 10.3280/MAL2020-003008
  13. Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., & Marks, J. S. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14(4), 245-258.
  14. Fergusson, D. M., Boden, J. M., & Horwood, L. J. (2008). Exposure to childhood sexual and physical abuse and adjustment in early adulthood. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32(6), 607-619.
  15. Ferrara, P., Corsello, G., Basile, M. C., Nigri, L., Campanozzi, A., Ehrich, J., & Pettoello-Mantovani, M. (2015). The economic burden of child maltreatment in high income countries. The Journal of Pediatrics, 167(6), 1457-1459.
  16. Habetha, S., Bleich, S., Weidenhammer, J., & Fegert, J. M. (2012). A prevalence-based approach to societal costs occurring in consequence of child abuse and neglect. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 6, 1-10. DOI: 10.1186/1753-2000-6-35
  17. Haddix, A. C., Teutsch, S. M., Corso, P. S. (2002). Prevention Effectiveness: A Guide to Decision Analysis and Economic Evaluation. Oxford: University Press Inc.
  18. ISPCAN (2006). World perspectives on child abuse, 7th edition. Chicago, International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect, 2006.
  19. Koss, M. P., & White, J. W. (2008). National and global agendas on violence against women: Historical perspective and consensus. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 78(4), 386-393.
  20. Krug, E. G., Mercy, J. A., Dahlberg, L. L., & Zwi, A. B. (2002). The world report on violence and health. The Lancet, 360(9339), 1083-1088.
  21. Li, M., Zhou, Y., Feng, G., & Su, S. B. (2009). The critical role of Toll-like receptor signaling pathways in the induction and progression of autoimmune diseases. Current Molecular Medicine, 9(3), 365-374.
  22. Ramiro-Gonzalez, M., Dobermann, D., Metilka, D., Aldridge, E., Yon, Y., & Sethi, D. (2019). Child maltreatment prevention: a content analysis of European national policies. European Journal of Public Health, 29(1), 32-38.
  23. Mikton, C., & Butchart, A. (2009). Child maltreatment prevention: a systematic review of reviews. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87, 353-361.
  24. Savarese, G., Romei, M., Carpinelli, L., D’Elia, D., Vilani, R. A., Giordano, M., Scapicchio, A., Costantino D. (2020). Esperienze Sfavorevoli Infantili: un Progetto in Campania per la prevenzione e l’intervento. Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia, 22(3), 113-122. DOI: 10.3280/MAL2020-003009
  25. Schopper, D., Lormand, J., Waxweiler, R., editors (2006). Developing Policies to Prevent Injuries and Violence: Guidelines for Policy-Makers and Planners. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1-85.
  26. Sethi, D., Bellis, M., Hughes, K., Gilbert, R., Mitis, F., & Galea, G. (2013). European report on preventing child maltreatment. World Health Organization: Regional Office for Europe.
  27. Shonkoff, J. P., & Garner, A. S. (2012). The lifelong effects of early childhood adversity and toxic stress. Pediatrics, 129(1), 232-246.
  28. Tenuta, F., Bartolo, M. G., Diano, D., & Costabile A. (2020). Maltrattamento e abuso: una rassegna su definizioni, tipologie e interventi per la tutela dei soggetti a rischio. Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia, 22(2), 85-106. DOI: 10.3280/MAL2020-002005
  29. Thorpe, K. E. (2005). The rise in health care spending and what to do about it. Health Affairs, 24(6), 1436-1445.
  30. UNICEF (2002). Child abuse in residential care in institutions in Romania. Bucharest, UNICEF.
  31. United Nations (2015). Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. General Assembly 70 Session. United Nations: A/RES/70/1, 15(16301), 1-35.
  32. World Health Organization (2006). Preventing child maltreatment: a guide to taking action and generating evidence. World Health Organization. -- (Disponibile online:
  33. World Health Organization (2007). Preventing child maltreatment in Europe: A public health approach. World Health Organization. -- (Disponibile online:
  34. World Health Organization (2013). Health 2020: A European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century. World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe.
  35. World Health Organization (2014). Investing in Children: The European Child and Adolescent Health Strategy 2015-2020 and the European Child Maltreatment Prevention Action Plan 2015-2020. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2014.
  36. World Health Organization (2015). Global Health Estimates: Life expectancy and leading causes of death and disability. (Disponibile online: healthinfo/global_burden_disease/estimates/en/index1.html).

Maura Brandoni, Il progetto PEARLS for children in Italia, in Lituania e in Polonia in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 1/2023, pp 19-32, DOI: 10.3280/MAL2023-001003