Decarbonisation, labour market change and just transition

Author/s Bela Galgoczi
Publishing Year 2023 Issue 2023/179
Language English Pages 16 P. 323-338 File size 230 KB
DOI 10.3280/GDL2023-179002
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

L’articolo esamina gli effetti sociali della trasformazione verde, e in particolare le transizioni del mercato del lavoro, gli effetti distributivi delle politiche climatiche e l’equo accesso alle tec-nologie a basse emissioni di carbonio. L’attenzione si concentra principalmente sui cambia-menti del mercato del lavoro e sulle politiche e le risposte per gestirli. Dal punto di vista meto-dologico, la spina dorsale dell’analisi è rappresentata dall’analisi della letteratura accademica e dei documenti politici, integrata da esempi di casi e pratiche basati su diversi anni di ricerca in materia di just transition. La sezione 1 fornisce una panoramica degli effetti occupazionali dell’economia verde, comprese le transizioni occupazionali e le mutate esigenze di competenze. La sezione 2 riflette criticamente sul concetto e sulle pratiche esistenti di just transition e ana-lizza come queste facilitino il mercato del lavoro a livello nazionale, regionale e aziendale. La sezione 3 si concentra sul settore automobilistico, con riferimenti a casi di sfide del mercato del lavoro e pratiche a livello aziendale. La sezione 4 chiude l’articolo con alcune raccomandazioni politiche.

Keywords: Labour market; Just transition; Automotive industry; Decarbonisation.

  1. Alves Dias P., Conte A., Kanellopoulos K., Kapetaki Z., Mandras G., Medarac H., Nijs W., Ruiz Castello P., Somers J., Tarvydas, D. (2021). Recent trends in EU coal, peat and oil shale regions. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  2. Bauer W., Riedel O., Herrmann F., eds. (2020). Employment 2030 effects of electric mobility and digitalisation on the quality and quantity of employment at Volkswagen. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  3. Bergfeld M. (2019). German Unions Are Waking up to the Climate Disaster. Jacobin Magazin. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  4. BW24 (2021). Jobs Hunderter Daimler-Mitarbeiter offenbar gerettet. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  5. Cabrita, J. Demetriades, S., Fóti, K. (2021) Distributional impacts of climate policies in Europe. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  6. Cedefop (2012). Green skills and environmental awareness in vocational education and training. Synthesis report. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  7. Cedefop (2022). An ally in the green transition. Briefing note. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  8. CLEPA (2021). Electric Vehicle Transition Impact Assessment 2020-2040: Study on Workforce of Automotive Suppliers. December 2021.
  9. Daimler (2021). Mercedes-Benz beteiligt sich an ACC. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  10. Ernst and Young (2021). A clean COVID-19 recovery: The global opportunity. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  11. European Commission (2021). The future of jobs is green, Joint Research Centre. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  12. European Commission (2022). New taxonomy for skills in the green transition. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  13. European Council (2023) ‘Fit for 55’: Council adopts regulation on CO2 emissions for new cars and vans. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  14. Galgóczi B. (2022). From a ‘just transition for us’ to a ‘just transition for all’. Transfer: 28(3).
  15. Galgóczi B., ed. (2023). “On the way to electromobility – a green(er) but more unequal future?” Brussels: ETUI. 26.4.2023. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  16. Galgóczi B., Akgüç M. (2021). The inequality pyramid of climate change and mitigation. In: Countouris N., Jagodziński R., Theodoropoulou S., eds., Benchmarking Working Europe 2021. Brussels: ETUI, 109 ss.
  17. Gokmen, M., J. (2023). Chinese dominance in the European EV market: Is it happening? Global Fleet, 18.1.2023. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  18. ILO (2015). Guidelines for a just transition towards environmentally sustainable economies and societies for all. Geneva: International Labour Office.
  19. Industriall (2018). Deal on new emission standards for cars – Urgent need for addressing social consequences. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  20. Industriall (2022). CO2 standards trilogue: Urgent need for inclusion of a Just Transition framework for Europe’s automotive workforce. Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  21. Kulhmann, K. et al. (2021) Is E-mobility a Green Boost for European Automotive Jobs? Boston Consulting Group (BCG). July 2021.
  22. LinkedIn (2022). Global Green Skills report 2022. Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  23. Merkur (2021). VW verkündet „Altersregelungs-Paket“: 5000 Jobs könnten wegfallen. Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  24. Pardi T. (2022). Heavier, faster and less affordable cars. ETUI working paper. Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  25. Posaner J. (2022). The death of Das Auto: Can German cars survive the end of the engine? Politico. Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  26. Stevis D., Felli R. (2015). Global labour unions and just transitions to a green economy. IEA, 15(1): 29 ss.
  27. Strötzel M., Brunkhorst C. (2019). Managing the transformation of the German automotive industry. In: Galgóczi B., ed. (2019). Towards a just transition: coal, cars and the world of work. Brussels: ETUI.
  28. Thomas A., Doerflinger N. (2020). Trade union strategies on climate change mitigation: Between opposition, hedging and support. EJIR, 26(4): 383 ss.
  29. Trinomics (2021). European Social Partners’ Project on Circular Economy. Final report. Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  30. Volkswagen AG (2021). Volkswagen Group power day 2021. Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  31. Wermke L. (2021). BMW-Betriebsratschef Manfred Schoch im Interview: „Nicht enden wie Angela Merkel“. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).
  32. Zachmann G., Fredriksson G., Claeys G. (2018). The distributional effects of climate policies. Blueprint Series 28. Brussels: Bruegel. -- Available at: (last accessed: 6.9.2023).

Bela Galgoczi, Decarbonisation, labour market change and just transition in "GIORNALE DI DIRITTO DEL LAVORO E DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI " 179/2023, pp 323-338, DOI: 10.3280/GDL2023-179002