With the fall of the Italian "empire", defeated in 1941 by the British army, an agreement between the two states permitted the repatriation of citizens from Italian East Africa. A naval expedition was organized for this purpose by the Italian government. Between 1942 and 1943 four large ocean liners made three trips circumnavigating Africa and brought back to Italy about 28,000 Italians. This paper, based on reports written by the chiefs of the expedition, focuses on one of the mission’s main features: to rescue the settlers and, at the same time, rehabilitate them politically and morally.
Keywords: Coloni, decolonizzazione, rimpatrio, fascismo, profugh