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La riabilitazione motoria nel morbo di parkinson: nuovi interventi e prospettive future
Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA  
Autori/Curatori: Chiara Di Nuzzo 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: 4  Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  26 P. 545-570 Dimensione file:  254 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2014-004002
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Il presente articolo ha lo scopo di fornire una panoramica di metodi innovativi per la riabilitazione motoria in pazienti con Morbo di Parkinson. Questa patologia neurodegenerativa e progressiva colpisce il circuito dei gangli della base, causando un significativo calo del neurotrasmettitore dopamina che permette di controllare il movimento volontario. Di conseguenza, un malato parkinsoniano ha difficoltà a eseguire anche le più semplici attività quotidiane. Non essendoci una cura definitiva a questa patologia, è necessario affiancare al trattamento farmacologico training di riabilitazione motoria che sostengano efficacemente il malato nel mantenere il più possibile un’autonomia funzionale e una buona qualità di vita. La ricerca, basandosi su quanto noto circa l’apprendimento motorio nei soggetti sani, si è adoperata nell’individuare metodi innovativi ed efficaci per il trattamento dei sintomi motori del Morbo di Parkinson. Attualmente sono proposti promettenti interventi di tipo multimodale che combinano l’osservazione di azioni, la musica ritmica e la neurostimolazione.


Keywords: Morbo di Parkinson, riabilitazione motoria, apprendimento motorio, osservazione, imitazione, musica, ritmo, neurostimolazione, tDCS, multimodalità

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Chiara Di Nuzzo, in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 4/2014, pp. 545-570, DOI:10.3280/RIP2014-004002

   

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