Between neutralism and Atlanticism. The international stand of the Italian Socialist Party 1956-1966

Journal title ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA
Author/s Tommaso Nencioni
Publishing Year 2011 Issue 2010/260 Language Italian
Pages 33 P. 438-470 File size 361 KB
DOI 10.3280/IC2010-260005
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This article highlights the elements of both continuity and discontinuity in the international action of the Italian Socialist Party during the decade 1956-1966, stressing the close connection between the change of its international reference points and the evolution of its strategy within the domestic context. In the first part, the A. illustrates the features of the debate that shook the Party when the socialists came to shape their own international outlook in terms of neutralism, focusing in particular on the ideological controversy that set the "left" wing against the "autonomist" wing led by Nenni and Lombardi on such crucial matters as Europeanism, support to the Non-Aligned Movement, rapprochement to European Socialism and, in the final analysis, on the lines of foreign policy judged compatible with the participation in the centre-left government. In the second part, the A. examines, firstly, the role of foreign policy in determining the power balance within the centre-left coalition. Finally, the A. reconsiders the discussions on Europe and the revolutions in the Third World which animated the Party up until its re-unification with the Social Democratic Party and its confluence into the family of European Socialism.

Keywords: Italian Socialist Party, Pietro Nenni, Riccardo Lombardi, Non-Aligned Movement, European socialism, neutralism

Tommaso Nencioni, Tra neutralismo e atlantismo. La politica internazionale del Partito socialista italiano 1956-1966 in "ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA" 260/2010, pp 438-470, DOI: 10.3280/IC2010-260005