Crime Prevention: ambiti ed evidenze da studi internazionali

Author/s Bruno Bertelli
Publishing Year 2014 Issue 2014/3 Language Italian
Pages 24 P. 39-62 File size 181 KB
DOI 10.3280/SISS2014-003004
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Crime prevention can be declined in several forms, all aimed at the reduction and containment of the amount of crime and the damage it does. In this paper, the focus is towards the international context of crime prevention programs and those that, in the light of evidence-based methodology, are particularly effective. When prevention programs work produce a cost/benefit ratio very significant in favor of the whole community.

  1. Hawkins J.D., Catalano R.F. (1992). Communities That Care: Action for Drug Abuse Prevention. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  2. Aos. S., Lieb R., Mayfield J., Miller M., Pennucci A. (2004). Benefits and Costs of Prevention and Early Intervention Programs for Youth. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.
  3. Barbagli M., Gatti U. (2005). Prevenire la criminalità. Bologna: il Mulino.
  4. Bennett T.H., Holloway K., Farrington D.P. (2006). “Does Neighborhood Watch Reduce Crime? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis”. Journal of Experimental Criminology 2: 437-458. DOI: 10.1007/s11292-006-9018-5
  5. Bertelli B. (2005). “Prevenzione è fare prevenzione”. Uno sguardo ai processi, agli ambiti, agli obiettivi in campo sociale. Documenti per la Salute, 20: 23-38.
  6. Bertelli B., Mariotti L. (2013). Comportamento deviante e corso di vita. Interpretazione teorica e ricerca longitudinale. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  7. Blumstein A., Cohen J., Nagin D.S. (Eds). (1978). Deterrence and Incapacitation. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
  8. Braga A., Weisburd D. (2010). Policing Problem Places: Crime Hot Spots and Effective Prevention. New York: Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341966.001.0001
  9. Caplan G. (1964). Principles of preventive psychiatry. Londra: Tavistock.
  10. Cipolla C. (a cura di) (1998). Il ciclo metodologico della ricerca sociale. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  11. Clarke R.V. (1995). “Situational Crime Prevention”. In Building a Safer Society:
  12. Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention, edited by Michael Tonry and David P. Farrington. Vol. 19 of Crime and Justice: A Review of Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  13. Clarke R.V. (2009). “Situational Crime Prevention: Theoretical Background and Current Practice”. In Handbook on Crime and Deviance, edited by Marvin D. Krohn, Alan J. Lizotte, and Gina Penly Hall. New York: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-0245-0_14
  14. Cohen L.E., Felson M. (1979). “Social Change and Crime Rate Trends: A Routine Activity Approach”. American Sociological Review, 44: 588-608. DOI: 10.2307/2094589
  15. Cornish D.B., Clarke R.V. (2003). “Opportunities, Precipitators and Criminal Decisions: A Reply to Wortley’s Critique of Situational Crime Prevention”. In Theory for Practice in Situational Crime Prevention, edited by Martha J. Smith and Derek B. Cornish. Vol. 16 of Crime Prevention Studies. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.
  16. Durlak J.A., DuPre E.P. (2008). “Implementation Matters: A Review of Research on the Influence of Implementation on Program Outcomes and the Factors Af- fecting Implementation”. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41: 327-350. DOI: 10.1007/s10464-008-9165-0
  17. Durose M.R., Cooper A.D., Snyder H.N. (2014). Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010. Special Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  18. Eck J.E. (2006). Preventing Crime at Places. In Evidence-Based Crime Prevention, rev. ed., edited by Lawrence W. Sherman L.W., Farrington D.P., Welsh B.C., MacKenzie D.L. New York: Routledge.
  19. Farrington D.P., Welsh B.C. (eds.) (2001). What Works in Preventing crime? Systematic Reviews of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 578: 8-205. DOI: 10.1177/0002716201578001001
  20. Farrington D.P., Loeber R., Welsh B.C. (2010). Longitudinal-experimental studies. In Piquero A.R. and Weisburd D. (eds.). Handbook of Quantitative Criminology (pp. 503-518). New York: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-77650-7_24
  21. Farrington D.P., Welsh B.C. (2007). Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions. New York: Oxford University Press.
  22. Farrington D.P., Gottfredson D.C., Sherman L.W., Welsh B.C. (2006). “The Maryland Scientific Methods Scale”. In Evidence-Based Crime Prevention, rev. ed., edited by Lawrence W. Sherman L.W., Farrington D.P, Welsh B.C., MacKenzie D.L. New York: Routledge.
  23. Forum Italiano per la Sicurezza urbana (2008). 100 idee per la sicurezza. Imola: Datacomp (
  24. Gabor T. LLC (2011). Evidence-Based Crime Prevention Programs: A Literature Review. Palm Beach: Criminal Justice Commission.
  25. Garland D. (2000). Ideas, Institutions and Situational Crime Prevention. In Ethical and Social Perspectives on Situational Crime Prevention, edited by Von Hirsch A., Garland D., Wakefield A. Oxford, UK: Hart.
  26. Greenwood P.W., Karoly L.A., Everingham S.S., Houbé J., Kilburn M.R., Rydell C.P., Sanders M., Chiesa J. (2001). Estimating the costs and benefits of early childhood interventions: Nurse home visits and the Perry Preschool. In B.C.
  27. Welsh, D.P. Farrington, and L.W. Sherman (eds.). Costs and Benefits of Preventing Crime (pp. 123-148). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  28. Guerette R.G., Bowers K.J. (2009). “Assessing the Extent of Crime Displacement and Diffusion of Benefits: A Review of Situational Crime Prevention Evaluations”. Criminology, 47: 1331-1368. DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2009.00177.x
  29. Hebberecht P., Baillergeau E. (eds) (2014). Social Crime Prevention in Late Modern Europe. A Comparative Perspective. Brussel: ASP Vub Press
  30. Henggeler S.W., Schoenwald S.K., Borduin C.M., Rowland M.D., Cunningham P.B. (1998). Multisystemic Treatment of Antisocial Behavior in Children and Adolescents. New York: Guilford.
  31. Hier S.P. (2010). Panoptic Dreams: Streetscape Video Surveillance in Canada. Vancouver, Canada: University of British Columbia Press.
  32. Hope T. (1995). Community crime prevention. In Tonry M., Farrington D.P. (eds.). Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research. Vol. 19 (pp. 21-89). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  33. Lab S.P. (2010). Crime Prevention: Approaches, Practices and Evaluations. Cincinnati. OHIO: Anderson Publishing.
  34. Lally J.R., Mangione, P.L. and Honig A.S. (1988). The Syracuse University Family Development Research Program: Long-range impact of an early intervention with low-income children and their families. In D.R. Powell (ed.). Parent Education as Early Childhood Intervention: Emerging Directions in Theory, Research and Practice (pp. 79-104). Norwood, N.J.: Ablex.
  35. Lahey B., Moffitt T., Caspi A. (2003). Causes of conduct disorder and juvenile delinquency. New York: Guilford Press.
  36. MacKenzie D.L. (2006). What Works in Corrections: Reducing the Criminal Activities of Offenders and Delinquents. New York: Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511499470
  37. Newman O. (1972). Defensible Space: Crime Prevention Through Urban Design. New York: Macmillan.
  38. Olds D.L., Henderson C.R., Cole R., Eckenrode J., Kitzman H., Luckey D., Pettitt L., Sidora K., Morris P., Powers J. (1998). Long-term effects of nurse home visitation on children’s criminal and antisocial behavior: 15-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280, 1238-1244. DOI: 10.1001/jama.280.14.1238
  39. Olds D.L., Kitzman H., Cole R., Robinson J., Sidora K., Luckey D.W., Henderson C.R., Hanks C., Bondy J., Holmberg J. (2004). Effects of nurse home-visiting on maternal life course and child development: Age 6 follow-up results of a randomized trial. Pediatrics, 114, 1550-1559. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2004-0962
  40. Olweus D. (1994). Bullying at school: Basic facts and effects of a school based intervention programme. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35, 1171-1190. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1994.tb01229.x
  41. Palumbo M. (2002). Il processo di valutazione. Decidere, programmare, valutare. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  42. Patterson, Gerald, Patricia Chamberlain, and John B. Reid. 1982. “A Comparative Evaluation of a Parent Training Program”. Behavior Therapy 13: 638-650. DOI: 10.1016/S0005-7894(82)80021-X
  43. Pease K. (2013). Crime Prevention. London: Routledge Piquero A. R., Farrington D.P., Welsh B.C., Tremblay R.E., Jennings W.G. (2009).
  44. Effects of Early/Family Parent Training Programs on Antisocial Behavior and Delinquency. Journal of Experimental Criminology 5: 83-120. DOI: 10.1007/s11292-009-9072-x
  45. Repetto T.A. (1976). Crime Prevention and the Displacement Phenomenon. Crime and Delinquency 22: 166-177. DOI: 10.1177/001112877602200204
  46. Savage C. (2007). US Doles Out Millions for Street Cameras: Local Efforts Raise Privacy Concerns. Boston Globe, August 12, 2007. Available at:
  47. Savona E., Ciappi S., Travaini G. (1999). Prevenzione e mediazione tra esperienze passate e progetti futuri: una proposta di mediazione integrata. Rassegna penitenziaria e criminologica, 2-3: 65-78.
  48. Schneider S. (2011). Crime Prevention. Theory and Practice. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC press. Schweinhart L.J., Barnes H.V., Weikart D.P. (1993). Significant Benefits: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study Through Age 27. Ypsilanti, Michigan: High/Scope Press.
  49. Schweinhart L.J., Montie J., Zongping X., Barnett W.S., Belfield C.R., Nores M. (2005). Lifetime Effects: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study Through Age 40. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.
  50. Selmini R. (2004). La prevenzione in Selmini R. (a cura di). La sicurezza urbana. Bologna: il Mulino.
  51. Sherman L.W., Farrington D.P., Welsh B.C., and MacKenzie D.L. (eds.) (2006). Evidence-Based Crime Prevention. Rev. ed. New York: Routledge. Sherman L.W., Gottfredson D.C., MacKenzie D.L., Eck J.E., Reuter P., Bushway
  52. S.D. (1997). Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn’t, What’s Promising. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.
  53. Tilley N. (2005). Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety. Portland: Willan Publishing.
  54. Tonry M., Farrington D.P. (eds.) (1995). Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, vol. 19. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  55. Tremblay R.E., Craig W.M. (1995). Developmental crime prevention. In Tonry M., Farrington D.P. (eds.). Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, vol. 19 (pp. 151-236). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  56. Tremblay R.E., Vitaro F., Bertrand L., LeBlanc M., Beauchesne H., Boileau H., David L. (1992). Parent and child training to prevent early onset of delinquency: The Montréal Longitudinal-Experimental study. In J. McCord and R.
  57. E. Tremblay (eds.), Preventing Antisocial Behavior: Interventions from Birth Through Adolescence (pp. 117-138). New York: Guilford.
  58. Ttofi M.M., Farrington D.P. (2010). Effectiveness of school-based programs to reduce bullying: A systematic and meta-analytic review. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 7: 27-56. DOI: 10.1007/s11292-010-9109-1
  59. Waller I. (2006). Less Law, More Order: The Truth about Reducing Crime. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
  60. Warren R. (2007). Evidence-Based Practice to Reduce Recidivism: Implications for State Judiciaries. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Corrections.
  61. Weisburd D. (2003). Ethical practice and evaluation of interventions in crime and justice: The moral imperative for randomized trials. Evaluation Review, 27, 336-354. DOI: 10.1177/0193841X03027003007
  62. Welsh B.C. (2003). Community-based approaches to preventing delinquency and crime: Promising results and future directions. Japanese Journal of Sociological Criminology, 28, 7-24.
  63. Welsh B.C., Farrington D.P., Sherman L.W. (2001) (eds.) Costs and Benefits of Preventing Crime. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  64. Welsh B.C., Farrington D.P., Sherman L.W., MacKenzie D.L. (2002). What do we know about crime prevention? International Annals of Criminology, 40, 11-31.
  65. Welsh B.C., Hoshi A. (2006). “Communities and Crime Prevention”. In Evidence-Based Crime Prevention, rev. ed., edited by L.W. Sherman, D.P. Farrington,
  66. B.C. Welsh, D.L. MacKenzie. New York: Routledge. Welsh B.C., Farrington D.P. (eds). (2006). Preventing Crime: What Works for Children, Offenders, Victims, and Places. New York: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-4244-2
  67. Welsh B.C., Farrington D.P. (2010). The Future of Crime Prevention: Developmental and Situational Strategies, Maryland: National Institute of Justice
  68. Welsh B.C., Farrington D.P. (2009). “Public Area CCTV and Crime Prevention: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis”. Justice Quarterly 26: 716-745. DOI: 10.1080/07418820802506206
  69. Welsh B.C., Farrington D.P. (2011). “Evidence-Based Crime Policy”. The Oxford Handbook on Crime and Criminal Justice, edited by Michael Tonry. New York: Oxford University Press.
  70. Widom C.S. (1989) The cycle of violence. Science, 244: 160-166. DOI: 10.1126/science.2704995
  71. Wikström P.O., Clarke R.V., McCord J. (eds.) (1995). Integrating Crime Prevention Strategies: Propensity and Opportunity. Stockholm, Sweden: National Council for Crime Prevention.
  72. Wilson D.B., Mitchell O., Mackenzie D.L. (2006). A systematic review of drug court effects on recidivism. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 2: 459-487. DOI: 10.1007/s11292-006-9019-4

Bruno Bertelli, Crime Prevention: ambiti ed evidenze da studi internazionali in "SICUREZZA E SCIENZE SOCIALI" 3/2014, pp 39-62, DOI: 10.3280/SISS2014-003004