Italian emigration to Mediterranean Africa 1876-1914

Author/s Francesca Fauri
Publishing Year 2015 Issue 2015/277
Language Italian Pages 29 P. 34-62 File size 242 KB
DOI 10.3280/IC2015-277002
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This article aims both at presenting a synthesis of the literature on Italian emigration to Mediterranean Africa and at providing an original quantitative contribution to the assessment of regional and provincial fluxes towards Tunisia, Egypt and Algeria, the principal destinations of Italian emigration to Africa. Why were Italians attracted to the African Mediterranean countries in particular? The answers can be found both in the history of the long-term relations with Italy of each of these three countries and in the economic opportunities available there. In economic terms, we should briefly bear in mind the following reasons for Africa’s attractiveness: low cost tickets, reasonable distance from Southern ports, more and better paid job opportunities in various sectors - surely the onset of substantial public works was a key factor in all three cases - and, last but not least, the concrete possibility of becoming small land owners especially in Tunisia.

Keywords: Italian emigration, economic motivations, Mediterranean Africa, Tunisia, Egypt, Algeria

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Francesca Fauri, L’emigrazione italiana nell’Africa mediterranea 1876-1914 in "ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA" 277/2015, pp 34-62, DOI: 10.3280/IC2015-277002