Journal title RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA
Author/s Carlo Augusto Viano
Publishing Year 2017 Issue 2017/4 Language English
Pages 10 P. 575-584 File size 40 KB
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here
Below, you can see the article first page
If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits
FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.
From Locke’s claim that analysis cannot be matched by an equally powerful synthesis, to Heidegger and Jaspers’ acknowledgment of the impossibility of any new synthesis of universal knowledge, modern and contemporary philosophy frequently dealt with the problem of synthesis. By sweeping through a centuries-long philosophical endeavor, the author describes how synthesis and history had often come in pairs. On one side, several philosophers defined their theoretical positions as a result of a retrospective synthesis regarding inherited lore. On the other side, the very idea of human history seems problematically related to the possibility of synthesis: the systems of cognitions and values, the consistency of the whole culture, all those kinds of syntheses come into play whenever philosophers bring their attention to the course of history. Within different contexts, Locke, Kant, Hegel, Weber and others, all struggled to understand if and how multiple terms could converge into an orderly arrangement. After the experiences of two World Wars and the rise of scientific disciplines, Heidegger and Jaspers refuted the chance to build a new synthesis. Nevertheless, they renewed the quest for synthesis by tracing back how, through several theoretical steps, humanity lost its connection with the first and all-encompassing synthesis, that is the fundamental knowledge.
Keywords: Locke, Aristotle, Kant, Weber, Heidegger, Jaspers, Empiricism, theory of values, regressive construction, history of philosophy
Carlo Augusto Viano, The Magic Mountain in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 4/2017, pp 575-584, DOI: 10.3280/SF2017-004003