Studying Fascist Youth Organizations: a Key for Understanding the System of Power in Mussolini’s Regime

Author/s Luca La Rovere
Publishing Year 2018 Issue 2017/3 Language Italian
Pages 21 P. 57-77 File size 279 KB
DOI 10.3280/MON2017-003004
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

This article focuses on the results of Niccolò Zapponi’s research on fascist youth organizations, a groundbreaking essay published in 1982. The author emphasizes the originality of the essay, the very first account of the history of youth fascist organizations based on previously unpublished archival material and, above all, one of the first historiographical attempts to describe and better assess the dynamic of power within the fascist regime. Faced with the well-established interpretation of the National Fascist Party as a bureaucratic institution lacking in any political weight, Zapponi highlighted, instead, the enduring dynamism of the party; he demonstrated the existence of a plurality of centers of power - often in conflict with each other - as a structural feature of the regime; he maintained, finally, that the system’s «internal logic» had determined its evolution toward a «party dictatorship». Based on these outcomes, the historian decisively put Italian fascism among contemporary totalitarianisms. In his conclusion, the author claims that credit should go to Zapponi for having adopted - even if not actually theorized - a new approach to the study of Fascism, based on his intuition of the relationship between ideology and organization, between the myth of the fascist «new man» and the institutions established to make the myth real.

Keywords: Niccolò Zapponi, fascist youth organizations, fascist education, Opera nazionale balilla (Onb), Gioventù italiana del littorio (Gil), fascist myth of the «new man», historiography

Luca La Rovere, Lo studio sulle organizzazioni giovanili fasciste: una chiave per penetrare nel sistema di potere del regime mussoliniano in "MONDO CONTEMPORANEO" 3/2017, pp 57-77, DOI: 10.3280/MON2017-003004