Journal title ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA
Author/s Chiara Fantozzi
Publishing Year 2018 Issue 2018/287 Language Italian
Pages 27 P. 104-130 File size 199 KB
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Between 1944 and 1947, the city of Livorno served as the capital of Anglo-American military operations in the Mediterranean. This led to an uncontrolled repopulation of the city and to an increase of crimes such as thefts, black market and illegal prostitution, with important implications for the public security system. Allied Courts, which had jurisdiction over civilians, remained in office until December 31, 1945. Anglo-American soldiers exercised a kind of preventive and summary justice, while political leaders and the Italian police supported the use of exceptional police measures. Both local and Anglo-American authorities focused on removing "undesirable" people - e.g. unemployed people, suspect smugglers and prostitutes - by consistently using rounding-up operations carried out by the military and the police. Ultimately, the punishment of some non-political crimes through administrative and legal channels became one of the most important means of reconstructing a new, democratic, post-Fascist identity for the community.
Keywords: Allied Occupation, Allied Courts, Military Justice, Criminality, Livorno, Postfascist transition
Chiara Fantozzi, Tornare all’ordine. Giustizia militare, pubblica sicurezza e repressione della criminalità nella Livorno alleata in "ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA" 287/2018, pp 104-130, DOI: 10.3280/IC2018-287005