Journal title SOCIETÀ E STORIA
Publishing Year 2023 Issue 2023/180 Language Italian
Pages 27 P. 347-373 File size 292 KB
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The paper places brigandage in southern Italy comparatively within the framework of the counter-revolutionary mobilization of the 19th century in the Mediterranean area, showing that the unifying trait of these experiences was monarchical patriotism. The monarchical patriotism represented an authentic political culture widespread among the popular masses accustomed to the use of arms and therefore capable of sustaining civil conflict in the name of absolutism against the new revolutionary power.
The contribution focuses on one of the many aspects of the volume, namely the forms of legitimism and counter-revolution that developed in the decade of Italian unification. Starting from Pinto’s analysis of the political dimension of brigandage, the author focuses, first, on the relationship between this phenomenon and previous insurgences, questioning the possibility of identifying a “counter-revolutionary tradition” in the history of Southern Italy. Secondly, the author analyses bourbonism in the context of the European nineteenth-century counter-revolution, underlining the limits of this political project. Precisely the weakness of the Bourbon political project and, even more, of its connection with brigandage, favoured the delegitimization of the latter as a political opponent by the last subject evoked by the title, the Italians. The extensive recourse to exceptional measures by the Italian state, during its building moment, meant that it immediately assumed the face of the hyper-state for security reasons, in which state needs met the demands of southern society.
Keywords: Counter-revolution, brigandage, Carlism, Miguelism, armed mobilization, legitimism, bourbonism, Italian unification, security issues.
, Il fascino discreto della violenza (nel Mezzogiorno in guerra) / Periferie controrivoluzionarie. La resistenza borbonica al nazionalismo liberale in Italia e in Spagna: una lettura comparata / Legittimismo e controrivoluzione nella prima guerra italiana in "SOCIETÀ E STORIA " 180/2023, pp 347-373, DOI: 10.3280/SS2023-180006