Policies for Low Wage Employment and Social Exclusion

Claudio Lucifora, Wiemer Salverda

Policies for Low Wage Employment and Social Exclusion

Printed Edition


Pages: 176

ISBN: 9788846411013

Edition: 1a edizione 1998

Publisher code: 364.42

Availability: Nulla

The last two decades have been a period of significant change in the functioning of European labour markets. Increasing earnings inequalities, as well as growing rates of unemployment have raised concern for those individuals placed at the margin of the labour market and at the bottom end of the earnings distribution, who appear to have been most strongly affected by the changing economic conditions. More flexible employment contracts and working time arrangements, less stringent controls on employers' hiring and firing practices and the associated reduction in the degree of job protection, growing decentralisation of the bargaining process, are some of the facets of the deregulation process that has affected labour markets throughout Europe.

The patterns described above are of crucial importance in the process of European integration and are central to any discussion on policy designs aimed at supporting the increased flexibility and insecurity in working life. The contributions contained in this book address different issues, looking first at the implication for the welfare of the less skilled and the low paid and second trying to investigate to what extent these forms of social exclusion can be tackled by means of appropriate social welfare policies and active labour market intervention.

In this context, it is suggested that minimum wage policies can prove an effective device to provide protection for vulnerable workers and, under certain conditions, may also help reducing poverty and discrimination on the labour market. Tax reductions and different forms of means tested benefits are also considered as an alternative way to alleviate the burden of low pay employment and enhance the living standards of low income working families. Education and training play an important role in the job opportunities people have, such that educational policies as well as re-training schemes can be effectively used as instruments to reduce low wage employment and help people out of low pay. Finally, it is argued that Government policies should aim at expanding demand in those service industries - such as retail trade or personal services - but also try to regulate pay and employment conditions therein.

Claudio Lucifora and Wiemer Salverda , Introduction

Richard B. Freeman , Low-Wage Employment: Is More or Less Better?

Minimum Wages: Causes and Consequences

Mark Keese , Are Statutory Minimum Wages an Endagered Species?

Stephen Bazen , Minimum Wages and Low-Wage Employment

Coen Teulings , The Contribution of Minimum Wages to Increasing Wage Inequality

Labour Market Institutions, Unemployment and the Role of Demand

Stephen Nickell , Labour Market Institutions and Economic Performance

Marco Buti, Lucio Pench and Paolo Sestino , European Unemployment: Contending Theories and Institutional Complexities. A Summary of the Policy Arguments

Lex Borghans, Andres de Grip. Peter J. Sloane , Underutilisation of Skills, Bumping Down and Low-Wages

Carlo Dell'Aringa and Claudio Lucifora , Labour Market Flexibility, Wage Dispersion and Unemployment: What Policies for Europe?

Wiemer Salverda , The Significance of Product Demand for Low-Wage Employment

Welfare Reforms, Gender Equity and Poverty

Tito Boeri, Piero Tedeschi , Long Run Unemployment in a Dual Economy

Brian Nolan , Low Pay, Poverty and Policy

Heather Joski , Gender Equity and Low Pay: a Note Based on Britain

Chris Giles, Julian McCrae , Reforms to In-work Transfer Payments in the U.K

Abigail McKnight , Social Insurance, Low-Pay and Long-Term Disadvantage

LoWER, Aims Activities and Membership of the Network - About the Contributors.


Serie: Economia - Monografia

Subjects: Labour Economics

Level: Scholarly Research

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