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La disuguaglianza economica tra contesti: il ruolo di famiglia, stato e mercato
Titolo Rivista: SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO  
Autori/Curatori: Raffaele Grotti, Stefani Scherer 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: 143 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  19 P. 57-75 Dimensione file:  153 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SL2016-143004
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Negli ultimi decenni, numerosi paesi industrializzati hanno sperimentato un aumento della disuguaglianza economica, e importanti trasformazioni demografiche (l’aumento delle famiglie mononucleari) e economiche (l’aumento dell’occupazione femminile) della famiglia. Quest’articolo comparativo studia in che modo tali fenomeni siano associati, ovvero se le trasformazioni della famiglia abbiano trainato i cambiamenti della disuguaglianza nel reddito famigliare disponibile equivalente; e in che misura le istituzioni - famiglia, stato e mercato - plasmino la disuguaglianza attraverso la (re)distribuzione del reddito tra le famiglie. Le analisi si focalizzano su cinque paesi (Danimarca, Germania, Italia, Regno Unito e Stati Uniti) appartenenti a diversi regimi di welfare, dalla meta degli anni ’80 alla meta degli anni 2000. L’articolo mostra come le istituzioni svolgano un ruolo fondamentale nel plasmare le disuguaglianze di reddito e il benessere economico di individui e famiglie, sebbene con variazioni tra i regimi. Tuttavia, le trasformazioni sperimentate dalla famiglia non hanno guidato i cambiamenti nella disuguaglianza.


Keywords: Famiglia, istituzioni, disuguaglianza economica, regimi di welfare

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Raffaele Grotti, Stefani Scherer, in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 143/2016, pp. 57-75, DOI:10.3280/SL2016-143004

   

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