Substance addiction and adverse childhood experiences: an empirical study with Childhood

Author/s Cinzia Guarnaccia, Maria Rita Infurna, Maria Lo Cascio, Francesca Giannone
Publishing Year 2015 Issue 2015/1 Language Italian
Pages 24 P. 95-118 File size 155 KB
DOI 10.3280/MAL2015-001006
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Experience of Care and Abuse Interview. Many studies showed that adverse childhood experiences may increase the risk of substance abuse. Thirty-two male participants in treatment for substance abuse and thirty-two non clinical subjects were interviewed with Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA). Subjects with substance addiction had experienced more neglect, physical abuse, psychological abuse, inconsistent supervision and variable discipline compared with their non clinical control (p < 0.05). Furthermore, they were exposed during childhood to a greater number of adverse experiences (p = 0.01) than their control. The study suggests that specific types of adverse childhood experiences can play a key role in the onset of addictive disorders.

Keywords: Abuse, maltreatment, drug addiction, Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse, retrospective interview

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Cinzia Guarnaccia, Maria Rita Infurna, Maria Lo Cascio, Francesca Giannone, Dipendenza da sostanze ed esperienze sfavorevoli infantili: uno studio empirico condotto con la Childhood Experiences of Care and Abuse Interview (CECA) in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 1/2015, pp 95-118, DOI: 10.3280/MAL2015-001006