The Complicated Relationship of Gela and Eni - Nineteen-fifties: Oil appears in Sicily, and the population welcomes the petrochemical plants. "Sicily as Texas", is what common people think. Fifty years later, the cost of the dream is apparent: Malformations, industrial diseases, devastation of water sources, organized crime. Gela is one of the Italian capitals of the petrochemical industry: The resistance against the "black gold" owners has started. The authors discuss the theme of redevelopment and describe the social impact of the oil industry in the considered town.
Keywords: Sicily, petrochemical industry, redevelopment, environmentalism, water, trust.