Click here to download

Parental conflict and posttraumatic stress symptoms in children: An exploratory study.
Author/s: Elena Camisasca, Sarah Miragoli, Paola Di Blasio 
Year:  2016 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  11 Pg. 139-149 FullText PDF:  196 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MAL2016-002008
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

In literature negative effects of exposure to parental conflict on psychological adjustment of children (internalizing and externalizing symptoms) are known, but posttraumatic outcomes have been less investigated. In a sample of 90 families with schoolaged children, this exploratory study aims to: 1) detect the presence of posttraumatic symptoms in children exposed to low versus high levels of parental conflict, and 2) investigate the mediating factors in the relationship between parental conflict and posttraumatic symptoms, taking as reference the Cognitive Context model and the Emotional Security hypothesis. The results show that, in high conflict families, the perceived threat plays a mediating role on the anxiety, depression, dissociation and PTS symptoms, and the destructive representations on the anger. Instead in low conflict families, the emotional distress plays a mediating role on the anxiety symptoms, and destructive representations on the anger.
Keywords: Parental conflict, posttraumatic symptoms, child adjustment, mediation.

  1. Briere, J. (1996). Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
  2. Bonds, D. D., & Gondoli, D. M. (2007). Examining the process by which marital adjustment affects maternal warmth: The role of coparenting support as a mediator. Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 288-296,, DOI: 10.1037/0893-3200.21.2.288
  3. Buehler, C., Lange, G., & Franck, K. L. (2007). Adolescents’ cognitive and emotional responses to marital hostility. Child Development, 78, 3, 775-789,, DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01032.x
  4. Camisasca, E., Miragoli, S., & Di Blasio, P. (2013). L’attaccamento modera le reazioni dei bambini esposti al conflitto genitoriale? Verifica di un modello integrato. Psicologia Clinica dello Sviluppo, XVII, 3, 479-500,, DOI: 10.1449/76229
  5. Camisasca, E., Miragoli, S., & Di Blasio, P. (2014). Is the relationship between marital adjustment and parenting stress mediated or moderated by parenting alliance? Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 10, 2, 235-254,, DOI: 10.5964/ejop.v10i2.72
  6. Camisasca, E., Miragoli, S., Caravita, S., & Di Blasio, P. (2015). The Parenting Alliance Measure: The first contribute to the validation of the measure in Italian mothers and fathers. TPM - Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 22, 1, 71-95,, DOI: 10.4473/TPM22.1.6
  7. Camisasca, E., Miragoli, S., & Di Blasio, P. (2016). Families with distinct levels of marital conflict and child adjustment: Which role for maternal and paternal stress? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25, 3, 733-745,, DOI: 10.1007/s10826-015-0261-0
  8. Camisasca, E., Miragoli, S., Milani, L., & Di Blasio, P. (2016). Adattamento di coppia, cogenitorialità e adattamento psicologico dei figli: uno studio esplorativo. Psicologia della Salute, 2, 127-141.
  9. Coln, K. L., Jordan, S. S., & Mercer, S. H. (2013). A unified model exploring parenting practices as mediators of marital conflict and children’s adjustment. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 44,3, 419–429,, DOI: 10.1007/s10578-012-0336-8
  10. Cummings, E. M., Schermerhorn, A. C., Davies, P. T., Goeke-Morey, M. C., Cummings, J. S. (2006). Interparental discord and child adjustment: Prospective investigations of emotional security as an explanatory mechanism. Child Development, 77, 132-152,, DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00861.x
  11. Davies, P. T., & Cummings, E. M. (1994). Marital conflict and child adjustment: An emotional security hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 3, 387-411,, DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.116.3.387
  12. Davies, P. T., & Cummings, E. M. (1998). Exploring children’s emotional security as a mediator of the link between marital relations and child adjustment. Child Development, 69, 124-139.
  13. Davies, P. T., Forman, E. M., Rasi, J. A., & Stevens, K. I. (2002). Assessing children’s emotional security in the interparental relationship: The security in the interparental subsystem scales. Child Development, 73, 544-562,, DOI: 10.1111/1467-8624.00423
  14. Davies, P. T., Harold, G. T., Goeke-Morey, M. C., & Cummings, E. M. (2002). Child emotional security and interparental conflict. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 67, 1-131.
  15. Di Blasio, P., Piccolo, M., & Traficante Valvassori, D. (2011). TSCC - Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children. Valutazione delle conseguenze di esperienze traumatiche. Trento: Erickson.
  16. Evans, S. E., Davies, C., & DiLillo, D. (2008). Exposure to domestic violence: A meta-analysis of child and adolescent outcomes. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 13,2, 131-140,, DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2008.02.005
  17. Fosco, G. M., & Grych, J. H. (2008). Emotional, cognitive, and family systems mediators of children’s adjustment to interparental conflict. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 6, 843-854,, DOI: 10.1037/a0013809
  18. Grych, J. H., & Fincham, F. D. (1990). Marital conflict and children’s adjustment: A cognitive-contextual framework. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 267-290,, DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.108.2.267
  19. Grych, J. H., Seid, M., & Fincham, F. D. (1992). Assessing marital conflict from the child’s perspective: The children’s perceptions of interparental conflict scale. Child Development, 63, 558-572.
  20. Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. (2008). The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and young people: A review of the literature. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32,8, 797-810,, DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.02.004
  21. McCoy, K. P., George, M. R., Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (2013). Constructive and destructive marital conflict, parenting, and children’s school and social adjustment. Social Development, 22, 4, 641-662,, DOI: 10.1111/sode.12015
  22. Pendry, P., & Adam, E. K. (2013). Child-related interparental conflict in infancy predicts child cognitive functioning in a nationally representative sample. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22, 4, 502-515,, DOI: 10.1007/s10826-012-9603-3
  23. Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 3, 879-891,, DOI: 10.3758/BRM.40.3.879
  24. Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Boney-McCoy, S., & Sugarman, D. B. (1996). The revised conflict tactics scales (CTS2): Development and preliminary psychometric data. Journal of Family Issues, 17, 3, 283-316,, DOI: 10.1177/019251396017003001

Elena Camisasca, Sarah Miragoli, Paola Di Blasio, Parental conflict and posttraumatic stress symptoms in children: An exploratory study. in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 2/2016, pp. 139-149, DOI:10.3280/MAL2016-002008


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content