Clicca qui per scaricare

Un lutto speciale. Delegittimazioni culturali e rappresentazioni della morte nella perdita di un animale domestico (A special kind of grief. Cultural delegitimizations and representations of death in the case pet loss)
Titolo Rivista:  PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE
Autori/Curatori: Ines Testoni, Loriana De Cataldo
Anno di pubblicazione: 2017 Fascicolo: 3 Lingua: Italiano
Numero pagine: 16 P. 413-428 Dimensione file: 207 KB
DOI: 10.3280/PU2017-003004
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più, clicca qui e qui


Nel mondo occidentale agli animali domestici viene riconosciuto un ruolo sempre più significativo in quanto è accertato che essi guadagnano nella vita delle persone un posto affettivo importante. Nonostante ciò, la società contemporanea è ancora incapace di riconoscere la sofferenza che deriva dalla morte di questi compagni. L’articolo illustra il fenomeno, descrivendo i più importanti studi sul pet-loss, e prende in considerazione alcune ipotesi inerenti alle forme di rappresentazione ontologica della morte che possono intervenire per spiegare questo tipo di delegittimazione.



Keywords: Relazione uomo-animale; Lutto per la perdita di un animale da compagnia; Rappresentazione ontologiche della morte; Stereotipi; Antispecismo


  1. Adrian J.A., Deliramich A.N. & Frueh B.C. (2009). Complicated grief and posttraumatic stress disorder in humans’ response to the death of pets/animals. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 73, 3: 176-187.
  2. Agamben G. (1995). Homo sacer. Il potere sovrano e la nuda vita. Torino: Einaudi.
  3. Albert A. & Bulcroft K. (1988). Pets, families, and the life course. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50: 543-552., DOI:10.2307/352019
  4. Anderson M. (1994). Coping with Sorrow on the Loss of Your Pet (2nd edition). Los Angeles, CA: Peregrine Press.
  5. Anderson W.P., Reid C.M. & Jennings G.L. (1992). Pet ownership and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Medical Journal of Australia, 157, 5: 298-301.
  6. Archer J. & Rhodes V. (1993). The grief process and job loss: A cross-sectional study. British Journal of Psychology, 84, 3: 395-410.
  7. Archer J. & Winchester G. (1994). Bereavement following the death of a pet. British Journal of Psychology, 85, 2: 259-271.
  8. Archer J. (1997). Why do people love their pets? Evolution and Human Behavior, 18, 4: 237-259., DOI:10.1016/S0162-3095(99)80001-4
  9. Archer J. (1999). The Nature of Grief: The Evolution and Psychology of Reactions to Los. New York: Routledge.
  10. Beck L. & Madresh E. (2008). Romantic partners and four-legged friends: An extension of attachment theory to relationships with pets. Anthrozoos, 21, 1: 43-56., DOI:10.2752/089279308X274056
  11. Bekoff M. & Pierce J. (2009). Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  12. Blazina C. (2011). Life after loss: Psychodynamic perspectives on a continuing bonds approach with “pet companion”. In: Blazina C., Boyraz G. & Shenn-Miller D., The Psychology of the Human-Animal Bond. A Resource for Clinicians and Researchers. New York: Springer, 2011, pp. 203-224.
  13. Carmack B.J. & Packman W. (2011). Pet loss: The interface of continuing bonds. Research and practice. In: Neimeyer R., Harris D. & Thornton G., editors, Grief and Bereavement in Contemporary Society: Bridging Research and Practice. New York: Routledge, 2011, pp. 273-284.
  14. Carmack B.J. (1985). The effects on family members and functioning after the death of a pet. Marriage and Family Review, 8, 3/4: 149-161.
  15. Cheney D. & Seyfarth R.M. (1990). How Monkeys See the World: Inside the Mind of Another Species, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  16. Chur-Hansen A. (2010). Grief and bereavement issues and the loss of a companion animal: People living with a companion animal, owners of livestock, and animal support workers. Clinical Psychologist, 14, 1: 14-21., DOI:10.1080/13284201003662800
  17. Cibeca L., a cura di (2007). Pet therapy: quando l’animale aiuta a stare bene. Perugia: Fabbri.
  18. Clarke S.R.L. (1977). The Moral Status of Animals. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  19. Cohen C. & Regan T. (2001). The Animal Rights Debate. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
  20. Cohen S.P. (2002). Can pets function as family members? Western Journal of Nursing Research, 24, 6: 621-638., DOI:10.1177/019394502236636
  21. Cordaro M. (2012). Pet-loss and disenfranchised grief: Implications for mental health counseling practice. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 34, 4: 283-294.
  22. Cusack O. (1988). Pets and Mental Health. New York: Haworth Press.
  23. Doka K. & Weisman A. D. (1995). Recognizing hidden sorrow. In: Despelder L.A. & Strickland A.L., editors, The Path Ahead: Readings in Death and Dying. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield, 1995, pp. 271-280.
  24. Doka K.J. (2008). Disenfranchised grief in historical and cultural perspective. In: Stroebe M.S., Hansson R.O., Schut H. & Stroebe W., editors, Handbook of Bereavement Research and Practice: Advances in Theory and Intervention. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 2008, pp. 223-240.
  25. Dunn K.L., Mehler S.J. & Greenberg H.S. (2005). Social work with a pet loss support. Social Work Health Care, 41, 2: 59- 70.
  26. Eurispes (2015). --Rapporto Italia: www.eurispes.eu/content/eurispes-rapporto-italia-2015.
  27. Field N.P., Orsini L., Gavish R. & Packman W. (2009). Role of attachment in response to pet loss. Death Studies, 33, 4: 332-355., DOI:10.1080/07481180802705783
  28. Garrity T.F., Stallones L., Marx M.B. & Johnson T.P. (1989). Pet ownership and attachment as supportive factors in the health of the elderly. Anthrozoos, 3, 1: 35-44., DOI:10.2752/089279390787057829
  29. Gerwolls M.K. & Labott S.M. (1994). Adjustment to the death of a companion animal. Anthro-zoos, 7, 3: 72-186., DOI:10.2752/089279394787001826
  30. Giffney N. & Hird M.J., editors (2008). Queering the Non/Human. Chicago, IL: Ashgate.
  31. Ikram S. (2005). Divine Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt. New York: American University of Cairo Press.
  32. Julius H., Beetz A., Kotrschal K., Turner D. & Uvnäs-Moberg K. (2014). Attachment to Pets. An Integrative View of Human-Animal Relationships with Implication for Therapeutic Practice. Boston, MA: Hogrefe (trad. it.: L’attaccamento agli animali. Una visione integrata della relazione uomo-animale nella pet therapy. Firenze: Hogrefe, 2014).
  33. Katcher A.H., Friedmann E., Goodman M. & Goodman L. (1983). Men, women, and dogs. California Veterinarian, 37, 2: 14-16.
  34. Katcher A., Friedmann E., Beck A. & Lynch J (1983). Looking, talking and blood pressure: Physiological consequences of interaction with the living environment. In: Katcher A.H. & Beck A.M., editors, New Perspective on Our Lives with Companion Animals. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983, pp. 351-359.
  35. Kellert S.R. & Wilson E.O. (1993). The Biophilia Hypothesis. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
  36. Klass D., Silverman P.R. & Nickman S., editors (1996). Continuing Bonds: New Understandings of Grief. New York: Taylor & Francis.
  37. Korsgaard C. (2004). Fellow creatures: Kantian ethics and our duties to animals. In: Peterson G.B., editor, The Tanner Lectures on Human Values. Salt Lake City; UT: University of Utah Press, 2004 --(http://tannerlectures.utah.edu/_documents/a-to-z/k/korsgaard_2005.pdf).
  38. Kwong M.J. & Bartholomew K. (2011). “Not just a dog”: An attachment perspective on relationships with assistance dogs. Attachment & Human Development 13, 5: 421-436., DOI:10.1080/14616734.2011.58441
  39. Lagoni L. (2011). Family-present euthanasia: Protocols for planning and preparing clients for the death of a pet. In: Blazina C., Boyraz G. & Shenn-Miller D., editors, The Psychology of the Human-Animal Bond. A Resource for Clinicians and Researchers. New York: Springer, 2011, pp. 181-202.
  40. Linzey A. (1995). Animal Theology. Chicago, IL: University of Illiniois Press (trad. it.: Teologia animale: i diritti animali nella prospettiva teologica. Torino: Cosmopolis, 1998).
  41. Linzey A. & Regan T., editors (2007). Animals and Christianity: A Book of Readings. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock (trad. it.: Gli animali e il cristianesimo. Per un’etica compassionevole. Casale Monferrato [AL]: Sonda, 2012).
  42. McConnell A.R., Brown C.M., Shoda T.M., Stayton L.E. & Martin C.E. (2011). Friends with benefits: On the positive consequences of pet ownership. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 6: 1239-1252.
  43. McCutcheon K. A. (2006). Predictors of complicated and uncomplicated grief after the death of a companion animal. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 67, 1-B: 552.
  44. Morales P.C. (1997). Grieving in silence: The loss of companion animals in modern society. Journal of Personal and Interpersonal Loss, 2, 3: 243-254., DOI:10.1080/10811449708414419
  45. Morley C. & Fook J. (2005). The importance of pet loss and some implications for services. Mortality, 10, 2: 127-143., DOI:10.1080/13576270412331329849
  46. Neimeyer R.A. & Jordan J.R. (2002). Disenfranchisement as empathic failure: Grief therapy and the co-construction of meaning. In: Doka K.J., editor, Disenfranchised Grief: New Challenges, Strategies and Directions. Chicago, IL: Research Press, 2002, pp. 95-126.
  47. Nussbaum M. (2006). Frontiers of Justice: Disability, Nationality, and Species Membership. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press.
  48. Packman W.B., Camarck J. & Ronen R. (2011). Therapeutic implications of continuing bonds expressions following the death of a pet. Omega, 64, 4: 335-356.
  49. Planchon L.A. & Templer D.I. (1996). Death of a companion cat or dog and human bereavement: Psychosocial variables. Society & Animals 10, 1: 93–105., DOI:10.1163/156853002760030897
  50. Podberscek A.L., Paul E.S. & Serpell J.A., editors (2000). Companion Animals and Us: Exploring the Relationship Between People and Pets. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
  51. Quackenbush J.E. & Glickman L. (1984). Helping people adjust to the death of a pet. Health and Social Work, 9, 1: 42-48.
  52. Regan T. (2004). The Case for Animal Rights (3rd edition). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
  53. Ronconi L., Testoni I. & Zamperini A. (2009). Validation of the Italian version of the Reasons for Living Inventory. TPM - Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 16: 151-159., DOI:10.4473/TPM.16.3.4
  54. Ryder R.D. (1989). Animal Revolution: Changing Attitudes towards Speciesism. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
  55. Serpell J. (1987). Pet keeping in non-western societies: Some popular misconceptions. Anthrozoos, 1, 3: 166–174., DOI:10.2752/089279388787058443
  56. Severino E. (1998). Il destino della tecnica. Milano: Rizzoli, 2009.
  57. Sharkin B. & Knox D. (2003). Pet loss: Issues and implications for the psychologist. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 34, 4: 414–421., DOI:10.1037/0735-7028.34.4.414
  58. Singer P. (1973). Animal Liberation. New York: Random House.
  59. Singer P. (2004). One World. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  60. Singer P., editor (1985). In Defence of Animals. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
  61. Stroebe M.S., Abakoumin G., Stroebe W. & Schut H. 2012 Continuing bonds in adjustment to bereavement: Impact of abrupt versus gradual separation. Personal Relationships, 19, 2: 255-266.
  62. Stroebe M., Schut H. & Boerner K. (2010). Continuing bonds in adaptation to bereavement: Toward theoretical integration. Clinical Psychology Review, 30: 259-268.
  63. Sunstein C.R. & Nussbaum M., editors (2004). Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  64. Testoni I. (2016). The psychology of death and mourning: From clinical work to death education. Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, L, 2: 229-252., DOI:10.3280/PU2016-002004
  65. Testoni I., Ancona D. & Ronconi L. (2015). The ontological representation of death: A scale to measure the idea of annihilation versus passage. Omega, 71, 1: 60-81., DOI:10.1177/0030222814568289
  66. Testoni I., Lazzarotto Simioni J. & Di Lucia Sposito D. (2013). Representation of death and social management of the limit of life: Between resilience and irrationalism. Nutritional Therapy & Metabolism, 31, 4: 192-198., DOI:10.5301/NTM.2013.11585
  67. Testoni I., Sposito D.D., De Cataldo L. & Ronconi L. (2014). Life at all costs? Italian social representations of end-of-life decisions after President Napolitano’s speech – Margin notes on withdrawing artificial nutrition and hydration. Nutritional Therapy & Metabolism, 32, 3: 121-135., DOI:10.5301/NTM.2014.12488
  68. Testoni I., Visintin E.P., Capozza D., Carlucci M.C. & Shams M. (2016). The implicit image of God: God as reality and psychological well-being. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 55, 1: 174-184.
  69. Volpato C. (2011). Deumanizzazione. Come si legittima la violenza. Bari: Laterza.
  70. Volpato C. (2013). Negare l’altro. La deumanizzazione e le sue forme. Psicoterapia e Scienze umane, XLVII, 2: 311-328., DOI:10.3280/PU2013-002012
  71. Waldau P. (2001). The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals. Ox-ford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  72. Walker R. & Ivanhoe P.J., editors (2007). Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  73. Walsh F. (2009a). Human-animal bonds. I: The relational significance of companion animals. Family Process, 48, 4: 462-480.
  74. Walsh F. (2009b). Human-Animal Bonds. II: The role of pets in family systems and family. Therapy Family Process, 48 (4): 481-499.
  75. Wilson E.O. (1984). Biophilia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  76. Wise S.M. (2000). Rattling the Cage. Toward Legal Rights for Animals. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.
  77. Woods V. (2010). Bonobo Handshake. New York: Gotham Books.
  78. Worden. J.W. (2008). Grief Counseling and Grief Therapy: A Handbook for the Mental Health Practitioner (4th edition). New York: Springer.
  79. Zamperini A. & Menegatto M. (2013). La violenza collettiva e il G8 di Genova. Trauma psico-politico e terapia sociale della testimonianza. Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, XLVII, 3: 423-442., DOI:10.3280/PU2013-003002.
  80. Zamperini A. & Menegatto M. (2015). Giving voice to silence: A study of state violence in Bolzaneto prison during the Genoa G8 Summit. In: D’Errico F., Poggi I., Vinciarelli A. & Vince L. editors, Conflict and Multimodal Communication. Social Research and Machine Intelligence. London: Springer, 2015, pp. 185-205., DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-14081-0_10
  81. Zamperini A., Paoloni C. & Testoni I. (2015). Il lavoro emozionale dell’assistenza infermieristica: Incidenti critici e strategie di coping. Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca, 34, 3: 142-148., DOI:10.1702/2038.22142
  82. Zilcha-Mano S., Mikulincer M. & Shaver P.R., (2011). An attachment perspective on human–pet relationships: Conceptualization and assessment of pet attachment orientations. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 4: 345-357.
Ines Testoni, Loriana De Cataldo, Un lutto speciale. Delegittimazioni culturali e rappresentazioni della morte nella perdita di un animale domestico in "PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE" 3/2017, pp. 413-428, DOI:10.3280/PU2017-003004

     


FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche
Acquista qui

Informazioni sulla rivista

Sottoscrivi il FEED
per conoscere subito
i contenuti dell'ultimo fascicolo di questa Rivista

English Version

Download credit

Pubblicità