Repubblicanesimo necessario, cosmopolitismo possibile. Da Kant all’Unione Europea

Author/s Flavio Silvestrini
Publishing Year 2014 Issue 2013/13
Language Italian Pages 13 P. 63-75 File size 551 KB
DOI 10.3280/HM2013-013006
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The paper aims to reconstruct the two levels, real and ideal, with which Kant investigates the issue of peace between peoples. Providing a political model of the international system that does not abolish the countries, but joins them according to the right of peoples and the values of republicanism, the Prussian philosopher sets the standards by which can be judged Hobbes’ theory on the State and Grotius’ theory on the laws of war and peace. The project envisaged by Kant to explain the historical development of human society towards universal peace and right, through hard times of conflict, may also provide criteria for assessing, in the contemporary world, the health of democratic systems and international relations. It allows understanding in depth the fast geopolitical changes taking place and providing the European Union lines of development and involvement in the system of States.

Keywords: Kant, democrazia, sistema internazionale, pace, costituzione, repubblica

  1. S. Anderson-Gold, Cosmopolitanism and human rights, Wales University Press, Cardiff 2001, pp. 20-7.
  2. S. Anderson-Gold, Unnecessary Evil. History and Moral Progress in the Philosophy of Immanuel Kant, State University of New York Press, Albany 2001.
  3. D. Archibugi, Immanuel Kant e il diritto cosmopolitico, «Teoria Politica», a. 9, 2, 1993, pp. 95-116.
  4. V. Bachmann, J.D. Sidaway, You +1'd this publicly. Undo
  5. “Zivilmacht Europa”: A Critical Geopolitics of the European Union as a Global Power, «Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers», a.24, 1, Jan. 2009, pp. 94-109.
  6. U. Beck, E. Grande, Das kosmopolitische Europa, Frankfurt, Suhrkamp, 2004.
  7. L. Bialasiewicz, S. Elden, The New Geopolitics of Division and the Problem of a Kantian Europe, «Review of International Studies», a.32, 4, Oct. 2006, pp. 623-44.
  8. A. Bielskis, A Philosophical Reflection on European Integration: Aristotelian Subsidiarity versus Kantian Universalism, «Problemos», a.24, 77, 2010, pp. 92-104.
  9. N. Bobbio, Diritto e stato nel pensiero di Emanuele Kant, Giappichelli, Torino 1969.
  10. L. Bonanate, Kant è stato visto a Sarajevo, «Iride», a.9, 17, 1996, pp. 104-16.
  11. A. Bressand, Between Kant and Machiavelli: EU foreign policy priorities in the 2010s, «International Affairs», a.57, 1, Jan. 2011, pp. 59-85.
  12. H. Bull, The Anarchical Society, Macmillan, London 1977.
  13. G. Cavallar, Kantian Perspectives on Democratic Peace: alternatives to Doyle, «Review of International Studies», a.27, 2, 2001, pp. 224-48.
  14. G. Cavallar, R.B. Louden, Kant’s Impure Ethics. From Rational Beings to Human Beings, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2000, pp. 102-18.
  15. M. Doyle, Kant Liberal Legacies and Foreign Affairs, «Philosophy and Public Affairs», a.12, 3, Summer 1983, pp. 204-35; XII, 4, Fall 1983, pp. 323-53.
  16. J.-M. Ferry, Europe: La voie kantienne. Essai sur l'identité postnationale, Cerf, Paris 2005.
  17. E. Forster, Kant’s Final Synthesis. An Essay on the Opus postumum, Harvard University Press, Cambridge 2000.
  18. G. Geismann, Sittlichkeit, Religion und Geschichte in der Philosophie Kants, in «Jahrbuch für Recht und Ethik», a.8 (2000), pp. 437-53.
  19. G. Geismann, Kant und kein Ende Band, 2. Studien zur Rechtsphilosophie, Würzburg, Königshausen und Neumann, 2010.
  20. Cfr. H. Grotius, De jure belli ac pacis libri tres: in quibus jus naturae & gentium, item juris publici praecipua explicantur, Jacobaea, Paris 1625.
  21. J. Habermas, L’idea kantiana della pace perpetua, due secoli dopo, «Paradigmi», a.14, 40, 1996, pp. 15-31.
  22. T. Hedrick, Race, Difference, and Anthropology in Kant’s Cosmopolitanism, «Journal of the History of Philosophy», a.46, 2008, pp. 245-68 (262).
  23. F.H. Hinsley, Power and the Pursuit of Peace, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1963.
  24. O. Höffe, Kants Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Die Grundlegung der modernen Philosophie, C.H. Beck, München 2003.
  25. I. Kant, Zum ewigen Frieden. Ein philosophischer Entwurf (1795, 17962), tr. it. Per la pace perpetua. Un progetto filosofico, in Scritti politici e di filosofia della storia e del diritto, a cura di N. Bobbio, L. Firpo, V. Mathieu, tr. di G. Solari e G. Vidari, UTET, Torino 19953, pp. 283-336 (320).
  26. W. Kersting, Kant über Recht, Mentis, Paderborn 2004.
  27. W. Kersting, Wohlgeordnete Freiheit: Immanuel Kants Rechts und Staatsphilosophie, Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main 1984.
  28. P. Kleingeld, Kant’s Second Thoughts on Race, «The Philosophical Quarterly», a.57, 2007, pp. 573-92 (575-8, 582-6).
  29. S. Maffettone, The Legacy of the Enlightenment and the Exemplarity of the EU Model, «The Monist», a.92, 2, Apr. 2009, pp. 230-57;
  30. G. Marini, Per una repubblica federale mondiale: il cosmopolitismo kantiano, in G.M. Chiodi, G. Marini, R. Gatti (a cura di), La filosofia politica di Kant, Franco Angeli, Milano 2001, pp. 19-34:19-22).
  31. S. Meld Shell, Kant's Conception of the Nation State and the Idea of Europe, in Ch. Payne and L. Thorpe (eds), Kant and the Concept of Community, University of Rochester Press, Rochester 2011, pp. 226-44.
  32. S.R. Palmquist, Kant’s System of Perspectives, II, Kant’s Critical Religion, Aldershot, Ashgate, 2000.
  33. P.P. Portinaro, Foedus pacificum e sovranità degli Stati: un problema kantiano oltre Kant, «Iride», a.9, 17, 1996, pp. 94-103.
  34. S. von Pufendorf, De jure naturae et gentium libri octo, A. Junghans & V. Haberegger, London 1672.
  35. B. Russett, Grasping the Democratic Peace, Princeton University Press, Princeton 1993.
  36. B. Russet, J. O’Neal, Triangulating Peace, Norton, New York-London 2001;
  37. E. de Vattel, Le droit des gens, ou, Principes de la loi naturelle appliqués à la conduite & aux affaires des nations & des souverains, Aux depens de la Compagnie, Leiden 1758.
  38. B. Vayssière, Europe et souveraineté: La notion d'État, des penseurs classiques aux réalités actuelles, «Vingtième Siècle. Revue d'histoire», a.25, 95, Jul.-Sep. 2007, pp. 151-66.
  39. M. Wight, International Theory. The three Traditions, Leicester University Press, Leicester 1991.
  40. L. Scuccimarra, I confini del mondo. Storia del cosmopolitismo dall'Antichità al Settecento, il Mulino, Bologna 2006.
  41. G.B. Sala, Das Reich Gottes auf Erden. Kants Lehre von der Kirche als “ethischem gemeinen Wesen”, in N. Fischer (Hrsg.), Kants Metaphysik und Religionsphilosophie, Meiner, Hamburg 2004, pp. 225-64.
  42. G. Sørensen, Democracy and Democratization, Westview Press, Boulder 1993.
  43. M. Tunick, The Kantian Idea of Europe: Critical and Cosmopolitan Perspectives, in A. Pagden (ed.), The Idea of Europe: From Antiquity to the European Union, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2002, pp. 331–58.
  44. B.T. Wilkins, Kant on International Relations, «The Journal of Ethics», a.11, 2, Jun. 2007, pp. 147-59.
  45. D. Zolo, I signori della pace. Una critica del globalismo giuridico, Carocci, Roma 1998.

Flavio Silvestrini, Repubblicanesimo necessario, cosmopolitismo possibile. Da Kant all’Unione Europea in "HISTORIA MAGISTRA" 13/2013, pp 63-75, DOI: 10.3280/HM2013-013006