Psycological health and work: occupational and organizational risk factors

Author/s Franco Fraccaroli, Marco Depolo
Publishing Year 2017 Issue 2017/156
Language Italian Pages 24 P. 639-662 File size 318 KB
DOI 10.3280/GDL2017-156001
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The psychological approach to occupational health is described, through the correlates of work with personal and social identity, social status, and psychological well-being. The Authors show how personal well-being is related to the quality of work experience. Work-related stress and burnout are then described as examples of unhealthy consequences of bad working conditions, using the notion of psychosocial risk at work. Research results on stress are presented, showing its psychophysiological correlates, the role of environmental factors, and the process from exposure to risk, coping responses, and stress outcomes, at the individual, interpersonal, and organizational level. Methodological problems concerning stress measures are also commented, as well as the effects of job insecurity. The paper ends by suggesting possible convergences between professionals and researchers in both fields, law and psychology, in order to foster occupational health in every work context.

Keywords: Occupational health; Work-related stress; Burnout; Psychosocial risk; Wellbeing at work; Work conditions.

  1. Akinola M. (2010). Measuring the pulse of an organization: Integrating physiological measures into the organizational scholar’s toolbox. ROB: 203 ss.
  2. Aronsson G., Theorell T., Grape T., Hammarström A., Hogstedt C., Marteinsdottir I., Skoog I., Träskman-Bendz L., Hall C. (2017). A systematic review including meta-analysis of work environment and burnout symptoms. BMC: 264 ss.
  3. Arvey R.D., Zhang Z. (2015). Biological factors in organizational behavior and I/O psychology: An introduction to the special section. AP: 281 ss.
  4. Bailey D.E., Kurland N.B. (2002). A review of telework research: Findings, new directions and lessons for the study of modern work. JOB: 383 ss.
  5. Balducci C., Romeo L., Brondino M., Lazzarini G., Benedetti F., Toderi S., Fraccaroli F., Pasini M. (2017). The validity of the Short UK Health and Safety Executive Stress Indicator Tool for the assessment of the psychosocial work environment in Italy. EJPA: 149 ss.
  6. Banks M., Bates I., Breakwell G., Bynner J., Emler N., Jamieson L., Roberts K. (1992). Careers and identities. London: Open University Press.
  7. Biron M., van Veldhoven M. (2016). When control becomes a liability rather than an asset: Comparing home and office days among part-time teleworkers. JOB: 1317 ss.
  8. Briante G. (1991). Non lavorare stanca. Una ricerca psicosociale sui lavoratori posti in cassa integrazione guadagni. Torino: Tirrenia Stampatori.
  9. Brosschot J.F. (2010). Markers of chronic stress: Prolonged physiological activation and (un)conscious perseverative cognition. NBR: 46 ss.
  10. De Witte H., Pienaar J., De Cuyper N. (2016). Review of 30 years of longitudinal studies on the association between job insecurity and health and well-being: Is there causal evidence? AustrPsyc: 18 ss.
  11. Edwards J.A., Webster S., Van Laar D., Easton S. (2008). Psychometric analysis of the UK Health and Safety Executive’s Management Standards work-related stress Indicator Tool. W&S: 96 ss. DOI: 10.1080/02678370802166599
  12. EWCS (2015). Sesta indagine europea sulle condizioni di lavoro: 2015. Testo disponibile al sito: (consultato il 12.08.2017).
  13. Fondazione Di Vittorio (2017). Fiducia economica, disuguaglianze, vulnerabilità sociale. Rapporto del 2° trimestre 2017. Testo disponibile al sito:’-sociale-2°-trimestre-2017 (consultato il 12.08.2017).
  14. Ford M. (2015). Rise of the robots: Technology and the Threat of a jobless future. New York: Basic Books.
  15. Fraccaroli F., Balducci C. (2011). Stress e rischi psicosociali nelle organizzazioni. Bologna: il Mulino.
  16. Frese M. (2008). The changing nature of work. In: Chmiel N. (ed.), An introduction to work and organizational psychology: An European perspective. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell.
  17. Gajendran R.S., Harrison D.A. (2007). The good, the bad, and the unknown about telecom-muting: Meta-analysis of psychological mediators and individual consequences. JAP: 1524 ss. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.92.6.1524
  18. Ganster D.C., Rosen C.C. (2013). Work stress and employee health: A multidisciplinary review. JM: 1085 ss. DOI: 10.1177/0149206313475815.
  19. Garraty J.A. (1978). Unemployment in history, economic thought and public policy. New York: Harper. Trad. it.: La disoccupazione nella storia. Pensiero economico e azione pubblica. Roma: Armando, 1979.
  20. Griffin M.A., Clarke S. (2011). Stress and well-being at work. In: Zedeck S. (ed.), APA handbook of industrial and organizational psychology, vol. 3. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 359 ss.
  21. Guglielmi D. (2015). Mobbing. Bologna: il Mulino.
  22. Helliwell J.F., Huang H. (2014). New measures of the costs of unemployment: Evidence from the subjective wellbeing of 3.3 million Americans. EI: 1485 ss.
  23. ILO (2017). New technologies are bringing opportunities and challenges to working lives. Future of Work–Major Trends. Testo disponibile al sito: (consultato il 31.7.2017).
  24. INAIL (2011). Valutazione e gestione del rischio da stress lavoro-correlato. Manuale ad uso delle aziende in attuazione del D.Lgs. 81/08 e s.m.i.. Milano: INAIL.
  25. INAIL (2017). La metodologia per la valutazione e gestione del rischio stress lavoro-correlato. Testo disponibile al sito: (consultato il 31.7.2017).
  26. ISPESL (2010). La valutazione dello stress lavoro-correlato. Proposta metodologica. INAIL, Dipartimento Processi Organizzativi-Ufficio Amministrativo Gestionale, s.i.l.
  27. Jahoda M. (1982). Employment and Unemployment. A Social-psychological Analysis. Cam-bridge: Cambridge University Press.
  28. Jahoda M., Lazarsfeld P., Zeisel H. (1972). Marienthal: The sociography of an unemployed community. London: Tavistock Publications. (Titolo orig.: Die Arbeitslosen von Marienthal, 1933; trad. it: I disoccupati di Marienthal, Roma: Edizioni Lavoro, 1986).
  29. Jonge J. de, Dorman C. (2017). Why is my job so stressful? Characteristics, processes, and models of stress at work. In: Chmiel N., Fraccaroli F., Sverke M. (eds.), An Introduction to Work and Organizational Psychology (Third Edition). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 80 ss.
  30. Karasek R.A. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude and mental strain: implications for job redesign. ASQ: 285 ss. DOI: 10.2307/2392498
  31. Kaplan R.M., Stone A.A. (2013). Bringing the laboratory and clinic to the community: mobile technologies for health promotion and disease prevention. ARP: 471 ss.
  32. Lager A.C., Bremberg S.G. (2009). Association between labour market trends and trends in young people’s mental health in ten European countries 1983-2005. BMC, art. no. 325, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-325
  33. Luthans F., Avolio B.J., Avey J.B., Norman S.M. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. PP: 541 ss.
  34. Maslach C., Schaufeli W.B., Leiter M.P. (2001). Job burnout. ARP: 397 ss.
  35. Maslach C. (1982). Burnout: The cost of caring. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  36. Ministero del Lavoro e delle Politiche Sociali (2010). Circolare 18 novembre 2010, Approvazione delle indicazioni necessarie alla valutazione del rischio da stress lavoro-correlato di cui all’articolo 28, comma 1- bis, del d.lgs. 9 aprile 2008, n. 81. Testo disponibile al sito: (consultato il 31.7.2017).
  37. MOW International Research Team (1987). The Meaning of Working. London: Academic Press.
  38. NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) (1999). Stress at work. Testo disponibile al sito: (consultato il 31.7.2017).
  39. Pearlin L.I., Lieberman M.A., Menacham, E.C., Mullan J.T. (1981). The stress process. JHSB: 337 ss.
  40. Pearlin L.I., Schooler C. (1978). The structure of coping. JHSB: 2 ss. DOI: 10.2307/2136319
  41. QuInnE (2015). Quality of jobs and Innovation generated Employment outcomes. Testo disponibile al sito: (consultato il 3.8.2017).
  42. Sarchielli G., Depolo M., Fraccaroli F., Colasanto M. (1991). Senza lavoro. Vincoli, strategie e risorse per la costruzione sociale dell’occupabilità. Bologna: il Mulino.
  43. Seligman M.E.P. (1975). Helplessness: On depression, development and death. San Francisco: Freeman.
  44. Shoss M.K. (2017). Job Insecurity: An integrative review and agenda for future research. JM: 1911 ss. DOI: 10.1177/0149206317691574
  45. Sonnentag S., Frese M. (2013). Stress in organizations. In: Schmitt N.W., Highhouse S. (eds.), Industrial and organizational psychology, Handbook of Psychology 2nd ed., Vol. 12. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 560 ss.
  46. Sonnentag S., Fritz C. (2015). Recovery from job stress: The stressor‐detachment model as an integrative framework. JOB: 72 ss.
  47. Stiglitz J.E., Sen A., Fitoussi J-P (2010). Rapport de la Commission sur la mesure des per-formances économiques et du progrès social. Testo disponibile al sito: (consultato il 3.8.2017).
  48. Sverke M., Hellgren J., Näswall K. (2002). No security: A meta-analysis and review of job insecurity and its consequences. JOHP: 242 ss. DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.7.3.242
  49. Taylor M., Marsh G, Nicol D., Broadbent P. (2017). Good Work, The Taylor Review of Modern Working Practices. Testo disponibile al sito: (consultato il 3.8.2017).
  50. United Nations Organization (2015). Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Testo disponibile al sito: Agenda for Sustainable Development web.pdf (consultato il 3.8.2017).
  51. USL 28 Settimo Torinese (1984). Cassa integrazione e disagio psichico. L’esperienza dell’équipe del Servizio di Salute Mentale dell’USL 28. PI: 23 ss.
  52. Warr P.B. (1984). Work and unemployment. In: Drenth P.J.D., Thierry H., Willems P.J., de Wolff C.J. (eds.), Handbook of work and organization psychology. London: Wiley.

  • Analysis of a New Work-Related Stress Assessment Tool Gaetano Buonocore, Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Yari Mirko Alfano, Simona Annunziata, Tilde Annunziato, Benedetta Muzii, Concetta Vergati, Mario Bottone, Daniela Cantone, Rita Polito, Nicola Tartaglia, Antonio Ambrosi, Carmela Robustella, Fiorenzo Moscatelli, Raffaele Sperandeo, in The Open Neurology Journal /2020 pp.32
    DOI: 10.2174/1874205X02014010032

Franco Fraccaroli, Marco Depolo, Salute psicologica e lavoro: fattori di rischio occupazionale e organizzativo in "GIORNALE DI DIRITTO DEL LAVORO E DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI " 156/2017, pp 639-662, DOI: 10.3280/GDL2017-156001