Participatory approach for a sharing city: understanding citizens’ perceptions in a neighbourhood of Milan

Journal title TERRITORIO
Author/s Giuseppe Salvia, Marco Boffi, Barbara Ester Adele Piga, Nicola Rainisio, Andrea Arcidiacono, Eugenio Morello
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2021/99
Language English Pages 15 P. 164-178 File size 2044 KB
DOI 10.3280/TR2021-099021
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Sharing cities may limit negative impacts of global urbanisation by connecting more users with distributed assets. Nevertheless, several scholars raised concerns of unintended consequences. With technology at the core of such strategies, marginal is the attention to citizen engagement and perceptions by people in their context. The authors aim to contribute with participatory methods and tools for capturing people’s feelings and habits about sharing. This paper presents the insights of a workshop held in 2017 with 18 residents of the Milan’s neighbourhood of Porta Romana-Vettabbia to identify how sharing is or may be embedded in practice. Negotiation of trust, logistical convenience and monetary saving dramatically resulted to intervene in the integration or consideration of sharing.

Keywords: sharing economy; participatory design; citizen engagement

  1. Alexander J., 2018. «Domesticity On-Demand: The architectural and urban implications of Airbnb in Melbourne, Australia». Urban Science, 2, 3: 88.
  2. Andreotti A., Anselmi G., Eichhorn T., Hoffmann C.P., Micheli M., 2017,
  3. Ageyman J., McLaren D., Schaefer-Borrego A., 2013, Sharing Cities: Briefing. Friends of the Earth.
  4. Akhavan M., Mariotti I., Astolfi, L., Canevari A., 2019, «Coworking spaces and new social relations: a focus on the social streets in Italy». Urban Science, 3, 2: 1.
  5. «Participation in the Sharing Economy» (May 2, 2017). -- https://ssrn. com/abstract=2961745.
  6. Bernardi M., Diamantini D., 2018, «Shaping the sharing city: An explo- ratory study on Seoul and Milan». Journal of Cleaner Production, 203: 30-42.
  7. Boateng H., Kosiba, J.P.B., Okoe, A.F., 2019, «Determinants of consumers’ participation in the sharing economy: A social exchange perspective within an emerging economy context». International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 31, 2: 718-733. DOI: 10.1108/IJCHM-11-2017-0731
  8. Boffi M., Riva E., Rainisio N., 2015, «Positive change and political participation: well-being as an indicator of the quality of citizens’ en- gagement». In: Inghilleri P., Riva G., Riva E. (eds.), Enabling positive change: flow and complexity in daily experience. Poland: De Gruyter Open Poland, 105-122. DOI: 10.2478/9783110410242.7
  9. Botsman R., Rogers R., 2010, What’s mine is yours. How collaborative consumption is changing the way we live. London: HarperCollins.
  10. Bradley K., Pargman D., 2017, «The sharing economy as the commons of the 21st century». Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 10, 2: 231-247.
  11. Brodie E., Cowling E., Nissen N., Paine A.E., Jochum V., Warburton, D., 2009, Understanding participation: A literature review. London: ncvo, ivr, Involve.
  12. Cohen B., Kietzmann J., 2014, «Ride on! Mobility business models for the sharing economy». Organization & Environment, 27, 3: 279-296. DOI: 10.1177/1086026614546199
  13. Cohen B., Muñoz P., 2016, «Sharing cities and sustainable consumption and production: towards an integrated framework». Journal of Cleaner Production. 134: 87-97.
  14. Comune di Milano, 2014a. Milano Smart City: linee guida. -- (access:2021.01.04).
  15. Comune di Milano, 2014b. Milano Sharing City. -- http://economiaelavoro. city_finale.pdf (access:2021.01.04).
  16. D’Acunto A., Di Pasquale G., Mena M., Bua A., Contini S., Dafano S., Riso C., Cavalli, M., 2016. Italia smart: Rapporto Smart City Index 2016. smart-city-2016.pdf (access:2021.01.04).
  17. Davidoff P., 1965, «Advocacy and pluralism in Planning». Journal of Ameri- can Institute of Planners, 31, 4: 331-338. DOI: 10.1080/01944366508978187
  18. Davidson N.M., Infranca J.J., 2016, «The sharing economy as an urban phenomenon». Yale Law Policy Rev, 34: 215-279.
  19. Devine-Wright P., 2005, «Beyond nimbyism: Towards an integrated fra- mework for understanding public perceptions of wind energy». Wind Energy, 8, 2: 125–139.
  20. Durante G., Turvani M., 2018, «Coworking, the sharing economy, and the city: which role for the ‘coworking entrepreneur’?». Urban Science, 2, 3: 83.
  21. Ehn P., 2008, «Participation in design things». Proceedings of the Tenth Conference on Participatory Design, pdc 2008, Bloomington, Indiana, usa, 1-4 October 2008. Indianapolis: Indiana University, 92-101.
  22. fpa, 2017, ICity Rate 2017 – Le città più smart sono quelle più vicine ai target globali di sviluppo sostenibile. tent/uploads/2017/10/I-city-rate-2017-sintesi.pdf (access:2021.01.04). fpa, 2016, ICityRate 2016 – La classifica delle città intelligenti italiane. -- (access:2021.01.04).
  23. Frenken K., Schor J., 2017, «Putting the sharing economy into perspecti- ve». Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 23: 3-10.
  24. Fumagalli N., Fermani E., Senes G., Boffi M., Pola L., Inghilleri P., 2020, «Sustainable co-design with older people: the case of a public restorative garden in Milan (Italy)». Sustainability, 12, 8: 3166.
  25. Fuster Morell M., Renau Cano M., Vidal V., 2019, An overview of public policies of the sharing economy by cities. Report, Sharing Cities Action: -- verview-of-public-policies-of-the-sharing-economy-by-cities/ (access: 2022.01.04).
  26. Gonçalves J., Kostakos V., Karapanos E., Barreto M., Camacho T., Toma- sic A., Zimmerman J., 2014, «Citizen motivation on the go: the role of psychological empowerment». Interacting with Computers, 26, 3: 196–207.
  27. Hamari J., Sjöklint M., Ukkonen A., 2016, «The sharing economy: Why people participate in collaborative consumption». Journal of the asso- ciation for information science and technology, 67, 9: 2047-2059.
  28. iap2, 2014. IAP2’s Public Participation Spectrum. International Association for Public Participation. -- ( 2022.01.04).
  29. Lampinen A., Huotari K. J. E., Cheshire C., 2015, «Challenges to parti- cipation in the sharing economy: the case of local online peer-to-peer exchange in a single parents’ network». Interaction Design and Archi- tecture(s), 24: 16-32.
  30. Mannarini T., Fedi A., Trippetti S., 2010, «Public involvement: how to encourage citizen participation». Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 20, 4: 262–274.
  31. Martin C.J., 2016, «The sharing economy: A pathway to sustainability or a nightmarish form of neoliberal capitalism?». Ecological economics, 121: 149-159.
  32. Mazzucotelli Salice S., Pais I., 2017, «Sharing economy as an urban phe- nomenon: examining policies for sharing cities». In: Meil P., Kirov V. (eds.), Policy Implications of Virtual Work. Dynamics of Virtual Work. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 199-228.
  33. McLaren D., Agyeman J., 2016, Sharing Cities. Cambridge, ma: The mit Press.
  34. Michelini L., Principato L., Iasevoli G., 2018, «Understanding food sharing models to tackle sustainability challenges». Ecological Economics, 145: 205–217.
  35. Mont O., 2004, «Institutionalisation of sustainable consumption patterns based on shared use». Ecological Economics, 50, 1-2: 135-153.
  36. Moon M.J., 2017, «Government-driven Sharing Economy: Lessons from the Sharing City Initiative of the Seoul Metropolitan Go- vernment». Journal of Developing Societies, 33: 223–243. DOI: 10.1177/0169796X17710076
  37. Morandi C., 2007, Milan: the great urban transformation. Venezia: Marsilio.
  38. Morandi C., Paris M., 2018, «Forms of urban change: nodes of knowled- ge-based networks as drivers of new metropolitan patterns in Southern Milan». In: Armondi S., Di Vita S. (eds.), Milan: productions, spatial patterns and urban change. Abigdon, Routledge, 84-95.
  39. Palm, J., Södergren, K., Bocken, N. 2019. The Role of Cities in the Sharing Economy: Exploring Modes of Governance in Urban Sharing Practi- ces. Energies, 12, 14: 4737.
  40. Ranjbari M., Morales-Alonso G., Esfandabadi Z.S., Carrasco-Gallego R., 2019, «Sustainability and the sharing economy: modelling the inter- connections». Dirección y Organización, 68: 33-40.
  41. Richards T.J., Hamilton S.F., 2018, «Food waste in the sharing economy». Food Policy, 75, 109-123.
  42. Robertson T., Lepik C., 2013, Public Engagement Handbook. Kamloops: City of Kamloops.
  43. Salvia G., Morello E., 2020, «Sharing cities and citizens sharing: per- ceptions and practices in Milan». Cities, 98: 102592.
  44. Salvia G., Morello E., Arcidiacono A., 2019, «Sharing cities shaping cities». Urban Science. 3, 1: 23.
  45. Salvia G., Piscicelli L., 2018, «(Un-)sustainable transitions: The case of the sharing economy». Proceedings of 9th International Sustainability Transitions Conference, Reconfiguring Consumption and Production Systems, Manchester (uk), 12-14 June 2018. Manchester: University of Manchester, 1-16.
  46. Sanders E.B.-N., Stappers P.J., 2008, «Co-creation and the new landscapes of design». Co-Design 4: 5-18.
  47. Schuler D., Namiioka A., 1993, Participatory design: principles and prac- tices. Boca Raton: crc Press. DOI: 10.1201/9780203744338
  48. Sgaragli F., Montanari, F., 2016. Milan white paper on social innovation: accelerating Milan’s local ecosystem for social innovation. Milan: Milan Municipality, Giacomo Brodolini Foundation.
  49. Steg L., Dreijerink L., Abrahamse W., 2006, «Why are energy policies acceptable and effective?». Environment and Behavior, 38: 92-111. DOI: 10.1177/0013916505278519
  50. Stokes K., Clarence E., Anderson L., Rinne A., 2014, Making sense of the UK collaborative economy. London: Nesta.
  51. Stutzer A., Frey B.S., 2006 «Political participation and procedural utility: an empirical study». European Journal of Political Research, 45, 3: 391-418.
  52. Various authors, 2018, Sharing cities declaration: cities’ common principles and commitments for city sovereignty regarding the platform economy. Sharing Cities Summit, 12-15 November. -- pdf (access: 2022.01.04)
  53. Vecchio G., Tricarico L., 2019, «’May the Force move you’: Roles and actors of information sharing devices in urban mobility». Cities, 88: 261-268. Wasserbaur R., 2020, Simulation modelling of a shift to service-based offerings: resource efficiency and operational implications in the context of the circular economy. Linköping University Electronic Press.
  54. Zale K., 2016. «When everything is small: the regulatory challenge of scale in the sharing economy». San Diego Law Review, 53, 4: 949-1016. Zimmerman M.A., 1995, «Psychological empowerment: issues and illu- strations». American Journal of Community Psychology, 23, 5: 581-599. DOI: 10.1007/BF02506983.

    DOI: 10.52200/docomomo.68.07

Giuseppe Salvia, Marco Boffi, Barbara Ester Adele Piga, Nicola Rainisio, Andrea Arcidiacono, Eugenio Morello, Participatory approach for a sharing city: understanding citizens’ perceptions in a neighbourhood of Milan in "TERRITORIO" 99/2021, pp 164-178, DOI: 10.3280/TR2021-099021