The Judgment of the International Court of Justice in Germany v. Italy: Aspects of Intertemporal Law

Journal title DIRITTI UMANI E DIRITTO INTERNAZIONALE
Author/s Fabrizio Marongiu Buonaiuti
Publishing Year 2012 Issue 2012/2 Language Italian
Pages 15 P. 335-349 File size 186 KB
DOI 10.3280/DUDI2012-002006
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The author comments on the judgment delivered by the ICJ on 3rd February 2012 in the case of Germany v. Italy, concerning jurisdictional immunity of the State against actions for compensation in respect of crimes committed during World War II. The article focuses on the intertemporal law aspects of the case, commenting that the ICJ, while correctly identifying State immunity rules as having a procedural nature, failed in clarifying that whenever their application requires a qualification of the relevant facts, this is to be performed pursuant to the law in force at the time they were committed. Arguably, at the time of the conflict, the category of jus cogens norms had not yet been sufficiently established, nor had a special regime of State responsibility for international crimes or for serious breaches of peremptory rules of general international law developed yet. Therefore, the supposed prevalence of the breached norms on State immunity rules, which the ICJ has correctly excluded due to the different nature of either set of rules, arguably was to be excluded for intertemporal reasons altogether.

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Fabrizio Marongiu Buonaiuti, La sentenza della Corte internazionale di giustizia relativa al caso Germania c. Italia: profili di diritto intertemporale in "DIRITTI UMANI E DIRITTO INTERNAZIONALE" 2/2012, pp 335-349, DOI: 10.3280/DUDI2012-002006