National Fascism, Catholicism and the Roman question in Alfredo Rocco. From the Great War to the Lateran Treaty

Author/s Saverio Battente
Publishing Year 2014 Issue 2013/273
Language Italian Pages 27 P. 549-575 File size 803 KB
DOI 10.3280/IC2013-273002
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Since its origins Italian nationalism felt the need to take a stand with regard to the Catholic question. Making its bid for national leadership in a reshaping of the Italian state alternative to Giolitti’s one, Corradini’s movement fell soon in with the clerical faction. A complicated relationship indeed, made of common goals but also of sharp differences, in a mutual quest for hegemony. Consequently enough, since his approach to nationalism Alfredo Rocco posed, among other no lesser terms, the question of the attitude toward the Catholic side. Rocco’s outlook was later espoused by the Fascist regime, not without a pack of ambiguities and internal contrasts, when Mussolini himself realized that a dialogue with the Vatican was a chief requisite for the consolidation of the Fascist revolution.

Keywords: Nationalism, Fascism, Alfredo Rocco, clericalism, Vatican, Catholic church

Saverio Battente, Nazionalfascismo, cattolicesimo e questione romana in Alfredo Rocco Dalla Grande guerra ai Patti lateranensi in "ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA" 273/2013, pp 549-575, DOI: 10.3280/IC2013-273002