Middle Platonism and Aristotelianism

Author/s Riccardo Chiaradonna
Publishing Year 2015 Issue 2015/2
Language Italian Pages 22 P. 425-446 File size 112 KB
DOI 10.3280/SF2015-002008
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

This article focuses on the reception of Aristotle among Platonist philosophers from the first century BC down to Ammonius Saccas, Plotinus’ master in Alexandria. The first-century BC Platonist philosopher Eudorus of Alexandria aimed to integrate Aristotle’s philosophy into his Pythagorean reading of Plato. A passage from Plutarch’s Life of Alexander (V. Alex. 7) offers a valuable testimony about this approach: Aristotle’s metaphysics is read against the background of Plato’s theology (‘epoptics’). Eudorus’ exegetical methods show some interesting similarities with those of the Aristotelian commentators of his time (in particular Andronicus of Rhodes and Boethus of Sidon). This picture changed during the second century AD. On the one hand, Platonic authors such as Taurus, Nicostratus and Atticus focused on the differences between the theories of Plato and Aristotle. On the other, Alcinous extensively incorporated Aristotle’s theories into his Handbook of Platonism. The debate over the harmony or disagreement between Plato and Aristotle only emerged, then, in the second century. According to the Neoplatonist philosopher Hierocles of Alexandria (fifth century), Ammonius Saccas took up this debate and showed the consonance between Plato and Aristotle as regards their most essential doctrines. The new approaches to Aristotle by Plotinus and Porphyry (based on an extensive reading of both Aristotle and the Peripatetic commentary tradition) are best understood against this background.

Keywords: Middle Platonism, Aristotle, Atticus, commentators on Aristotle, Neoplatonism

  1. - Chiaradonna 2014: Id., Plotinus’ Metaphorical Reading of the Timaeus: Soul, Mathematics, Providence, in d’Hoine, Van Riel 2014, pp. 187-210.
  2. - Frede 1987: Michael Frede, Numenius, in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, II.36.2, de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 1987, pp. 1034-1057.
  3. - Frede 1999: Id., Epilogue, in Algra, Barnes, Mansfeld, Schofield 1999, pp. 771-797.
  4. - Chiaradonna 2012(b): Id., Platonismo e aristotelismo, in Chiaradonna 2012a, pp. 85-102.
  5. - Chiaradonna 2013: Id. , Platonist Approaches to Aristotle: From Antiochus of Ascalon to Eudorus of Alexandria (and Beyond), in Schofield 2013, pp. 28-52.
  6. - Adamson, Baltussen, Stone 2004: Peter Adamson, Han Baltussen, Martin Stone (eds.), Philosophy, Science and Exegesis in Greek, Arabic and Latin Commentaries, 2 voll., Institute of Classical Studies (“BICS Suppl.” 83, 1-2), London 2004.
  7. - Algra, Barnes, Mansfeld, Schofield 1999: Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes, Jaap Mansfeld, Malcolm Schofield (eds.), The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1999.
  8. - Athanassiadi 2006: Polymnia Athanassiadi, La lutte pour l’orthodoxie dans le platonisme tardif. De Numenius à Damascius, Les Belles Lettres, Paris 2006.
  9. - Auffret, Rashed in stampa: Thomas Auffret, Marwan Rashed, Aristote, Metaphysique A 6, 988A 7-14, Eudore d’Alexandrie et l’histoire ancienne du texte de la Métaphysique, in Brockmann in stampa.
  10. - Babut 1996: Daniel Babut, Plutarque, Aristote et l’aristotélisme, in Van der Stockt 1996, pp. 1-28.
  11. - Barnes 1997: Jonathan Barnes, Roman Aristotle, in Barnes, Griffin 1997, pp. 1-69.
  12. - Barnes, Griffin 1997: Jonathan Barnes, Miriam Griffin (eds.), Philosophia Togata II: Plato and Aristotle at Rome, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1997.
  13. - Bastianini, Sedley 1995: Guido Bastianini, David Sedley (a cura di), Commentarium in Platonis Theaetetum (P.Berol. inv. 9782), in Corpus dei papiri filosofici III: Commentari, Olschki, Firenze 1995, pp. 227-562.
  14. - Benatouil, Maffi, Trabattoni 2011: Thomas Benatouil, Emanuele Maffi, Franco Trabattoni (eds.), Plato, Aristotle, or Both? Dialogues between Platonism and Aristotelianism in Antiquity, Olms, Hildesheim 2011.
  15. - Blank 2007: David Blank, The Life of Antiochus of Ascalon in Philodemus’ History of the Academy and a Tale of two Letters, ≪Zeitschrift fur Papyrologie und Epigraphik ≫, CLXII (2007), pp. 87-93.
  16. - Bonazzi 2000: Mauro Bonazzi, Plotino e la tradizione pitagorica, ≪Acme≫, LIII (2000), pp. 39-73.
  17. - Bonazzi 2005: Id., Eudoro di Alessandria alle origini del platonismo imperiale in Bonazzi, Celluprica 2005, pp. 115-160.
  18. - Bonazzi 2012: Id., Antiochus and Platonism, in Sedley 2012, pp. 307-333.
  19. - Bonazzi 2013: Id., Pythagoreanising Aristotle: Eudorus and the Systematisation of Platonism, in Schofield 2013, pp. 160-186.
  20. - Bonazzi, Celluprica 2005: Mauro Bonazzi, Vincenza Celluprica (a cura di), L’eredità platonica. Studi sul platonismo da Arcesilao a Proclo, Bibliopolis, Napoli 2005. - Bonazzi, Opsomer 2009: Mauro Bonazzi, Jan Opsomer (eds.), The Origins of the Platonic System. Platonisms of the Early Empire and their Philosophical Contexts, Peeters, Leuven 2009.
  21. - Brockmann in stampa: Christian Brockmann et al. (Hrsg.), Handschriften- und Textforschung heute. Festschrift Dieter Harlfinger, Reichert, Wiesbaden, in stampa.
  22. - Centrone 2014: Bruno Centrone, The Pseudo-Pythagorean Writings, in Huffman 2014, pp. 315-340.
  23. Chiaradonna 2002: Riccardo Chiaradonna, Sostanza movimento analogia. Plotino critico di Aristotele, Bibliopolis, Napoli 2002.
  24. - Chiaradonna 2008: Id., Hylémorphisme et causalité des intelligibles. Plotin et Alexandre d’Aphrodise, ≪Les etudes philosophiques≫, 2008/3, pp. 379-397.
  25. - Chiaradonna 2009: Id., Autour d’Eudore. Les débuts de l’exégèse des Categories dans le Moyen Platonisme, in Bonazzi, Opsomer 2009, pp. 89-111.
  26. - Chiaradonna 2011: Id., Interpretazione filosofica e ricezione del corpus: Il caso di Aristotele (100 a.C.-200 d.C.), ≪Quaestio≫, XI (2011), pp. 83-114.
  27. - Chiaradonna 2012(a): Id. (a cura di), Filosofia tardoantica. Storia e problemi, Carocci Roma, 2012.
  28. - Chiaradonna 2015: Id., Tolleranza religiosa e neoplatonismo politico tra III e IV secolo, in Arnaldo Marcone, Umberto Roberto, Ignazio Tantillo (a cura di), Tolleranza religiosa in età tardoantica: IV-V secolo, Edizioni Universita di Cassino, Cassino 2015, pp. 37-79.
  29. - Chiaradonna in stampa: Id., Porphyry and Aristotelian Tradition, in Falcon in stampa.
  30. - Chiaradonna, Rashed, Sedley 2013: Riccardo Chiaradonna, Marwan Rashed, David Sedley (with Natalie Tchernetska), A Rediscovered Categories Commentary, ≪Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy≫, XLIV (2013), pp. 129-194.
  31. - D’Ancona 2012: Cristina D’Ancona, s.v. “Plotin”, in Goulet 2012, pp. 885-1070.
  32. - d’Hoine, Van Riel 2014: Pieter d’Hoine, Gerd Van Riel (eds.), Fate, Providence and Moral Responsibility in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Thought. Studies in Honour of Carlos Steel, Leuven University Press, Leuven 2014.
  33. - DePalma Digeser 2012: Elizabeth DePalma Digeser, A Threat to Public Piety: Christians, Platonists, and the Great Persecution, Cornell University Press, Ithaca NYLondon 2012.
  34. - Dillon, Long 1998: John Dillon, Anthony A. Long, The Question of “Eclecticism”: Studies in Later Greek Philosophy, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles 1988.
  35. - Donini 1977: Pierluigi Donini, L’Aristotelismo nel primo secolo, ≪Rivista di filologia e d’istruzione classica≫, CV (1977), pp. 237-251.
  36. - Donini 1988: Id., The History of the Concept of Eclecticism, in Dillon, Long 1998, pp. 15-33 (rist. in Donini 2011, pp. 197-209).
  37. - Donini 1994: Id., Testi e commenti, manuali e insegnamento: la forma sistematica e i metodi della filosofia in età postellenistica, in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, II.36.7, de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 1994, pp. 5027-5100 (rist. in Donini 2011, pp. 211-281). - Donini 2004: Id., Plutarco e Aristotele, in Gallo 2004, pp. 255-273.
  38. - Donini 2011: Id., Commentary and Tradition. Studies in Aristotelianism, Platonism, and Post-Hellenistic Philosophy, ed. by Mauro Bonazzi, de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 2011.
  39. - Dorandi 2007: Tiziano Dorandi, Diogène Laërce “lecteur” d’Aristote, ≪Elenchos≫, XXVIII (2007), pp. 435-446.
  40. - Dorrie (†), Baltes 1993: Heinrich Dorrie (†), Matthias Baltes (Hrsg.), Der Platonismus in der Antike, III: Der Platonismus im 2. und 3. Jahrhundert nach Christus. Bausteine 73-100, Text, Ubersetzung, Kommentar, Frommann-Holzboog, Stuttgart-Bad
  41. Cannstatt 1993.
  42. - Dorrie 1955: Heinrich Dorrie, Ammonius der Lehrer Plotins, ≪Hermes≫, LXXXIII (1955), pp. 439-477.
  43. - During 1957: Ingemar During, Aristotle in the Ancient Biographical Tradition, Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, Goteborg 1957.
  44. - Falcon in stampa: Andrea Falcon (ed.), Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristotle in Antiquity, Brill, Leiden, in stampa.
  45. - Fazzo 2008: Silvia Fazzo, Nicolas, l’auteur du Sommaire de la Philosophie d’Aristote. Doutes sur son identité, sa datation, son origine, ≪Revue des Etudes Grecques≫, CXXI (2008), pp. 99-126.
  46. - Fazzo 2012: Ead., The Metaphysics from Aristotle to Alexander of Aphrodisias, ≪Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies≫, LV (2012), pp. 51-68.
  47. - Flaceliere, Chambry 1975: Robert Flaceliere, Emile Chambry, Plutarque. Vies IX: Alexandre-Cesar, Texte etabli et traduit, Les Belles Lettres, Paris 1975.
  48. - Fraser 1972: Peter M. Fraser, Ptolemaic Alexandria, 3 voll., Clarendon Press, Oxford 1972.
  49. - Gallo 2004: Italo Gallo (a cura di), La biblioteca di Plutarco, Atti del IX Convegno plutarcheo, D’Auria, Napoli 2004.
  50. - Gioe 2002: Adriano Gioe (a cura di), Filosofi medioplatonici del II secolo d.C. Testimonianze e frammenti. Gaio, Albino, Lucio, Nicostrato, Tauro, Severo, Arpocrazione, Bibliopolis, Napoli 2002.
  51. - Gottschalk 1987: Hans Gottschalk, Aristotelian Philosophy in the Roman World from the Time of Cicero to the End of the Second Century AD, in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, II.36.2, de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 1987, pp. 1079-1174.
  52. - Goulet 2012: Richard Goulet (ed.), Dictionnaire des philosophes antiques, Va: de Paccius à Plotin, CNRS, Paris 2012.
  53. - Griffin 2015: Michael Griffin, Aristotle’s Categories in the Early Roman Empire, Clarendon Press, Oxford 2015.
  54. - Hadot 1966: Pierre Hadot, La métaphysique de Porphyre, in Entretiens sur l’antiquité classique XII: Porphyre, Fondation Hardt, Vandoeuvres-Geneve 1966, pp. 127-163.
  55. - Hatzimichali 2013: Myrto Hatzimichali, The Texts of Plato and Aristotle in the First Century BC, in Schofield 2013, pp. 1-27.
  56. - Huffman 2014: Carl Huffman, A History of Pythagoreanism, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2014.
  57. - Karamanolis 2004: George Karamanolis, Porphyry: The First Platonist Commentator on Aristotle, in Adamson, Baltussen, Stone 2004, pp. 97-120. - Karamanolis 2006: Id., Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry, Clarendon Press, Oxford 2006.
  58. - Mansfeld 1992: Jaap Mansfeld, Heresiography in Context: Hippolytus’ Elenchos as a Source for Greek Philosophy, Brill, Leiden 1992.
  59. - Mariotti 1966: Italo Mariotti (a cura di), Aristone di Alessandria, Edizione e interpretazione, Patron, Bologna 1966.
  60. - Mazzarelli 1985: Claudio Mazzarelli, Raccolta e interpretazione delle testimonianze e dei frammenti del medioplatonico Eudoro di Alessandria, ≪Rivista di Filosofia Neoscolastica ≫, LVII (1985), pp. 197-209 e 535-555.
  61. - Menn 2001: Stephen Menn, Longinus on Plotinus, ≪Dionysius≫, XIX (2001), pp. 113-123.
  62. - Moraux 1973: Paul Moraux, Der Aristotelismus bei den Griechen von Andronikos bis Alexander von Aphrodisias, I: Die Renaissance des Aristotelismus im I.Jh.v.Chr., de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 1973.
  63. - Moraux 1984: Id., Der Aristotelismus bei den Griechen von Andronikos bis Alexander von Aphrodisias, II: Der Aristotelismus im I. und II. Jh.n. Chr., De Gruyter, Berlin-New York 1984.
  64. - Napoli 2012: Valerio Napoli, Le denominazioni della Metafisica e della sua scienza nella filosofia tardoantica, ≪Peitho / Examina Antiqua≫, I (2012), pp. 51-82.
  65. - O’Brien 1994: Denis O’Brien, Plotinus and the Secrets of Ammonius, ≪Hermathena≫, CLVII (1994), pp. 117-153.
  66. - Praechter 1922: Karl Praechter, Nikostratos der Platoniker, ≪Hermes≫, LVII (1922), pp. 481-517 (rist. in Praechter 1973, pp. 101-137).
  67. - Praechter 1973: Id., Kleine Schriften, Olms, Hildesheim-New York.
  68. - Rashed 2004: Marwan Rashed, Priorité de l’eidos ou du genos entre Andronicos et Alexandre. Vestiges arabes et grecs inédits, ≪Arabic Sciences and Philosophy≫, XIV (2004), pp. 9-63.
  69. - Rashed 2007: Id., Essentialisme. Alexandre d’Aphrodise entre logique, physique et cosmologie, de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 2007.
  70. - Rashed 2013: Id., Boethus’ Aristotelian Ontology, in Schofield 2013, pp. 53-77.
  71. - Roskam 2011: Geert Roskam, Aristotle in Middle Platonism. The Case of Plutarch of Chaeronea, in Benatouil, Maffi, Trabattoni 2011, pp. 35-61.
  72. - Schibli 2002: Hermann S. Schibli, Hierocles of Alexandria, Clarendon Press, Oxford 2002.
  73. - Schofield 2013: Malcolm Schofield (ed.), Aristotle, Plato and Pythagoreanism in the First Century BC: New Directions in Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013.
  74. - Schwyzer 1983: Hans-Rudolph Schwyzer, Ammonios Sakkas, der Lehrer Plotins (“Rheinisch-Westfalische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vortrage” G 260), Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen 1983.
  75. - Sedley 2012: David Sedley (ed.), The Philosophy of Antiochus, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  76. - Sharples 1990: Robert Sharples, The School of Alexander?, in Sorabji 1990, pp. 83-111.
  77. - Sharples 2010: Id., Peripatetic Philosophy 200 BC to AD 200: An Introduction and Collection of Sources in Translation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2010.
  78. - Sorabji 1990: Richard Sorabji (ed.), Aristotle Transformed: The Ancient Commentators and Their Influence, Duckworth, London 1990.
  79. - Szlezak 1972: Thomas A. Szlezak, Pseudo-Archytas über Die Kategorien. Texte zur Griechischen Aristoteles-Exegese. Berlin-New York 1972. - Tarrant 2008: Harold Tarrant, Eudorus and the Early Platonist Interpretation of the Categories, ≪Laval theologique et philosophique≫, LXIV (2008), pp. 583-595.
  80. - Van der Stockt 1996: Luc Van der Stockt (ed.), Plutarchea Lovaniensia. A Miscellany of Essays on Plutarch, Peeters, Leuven 1996.
  81. - Westman 1955: Rolf Westman, Plutarch Gegen Kolotes. Seine Schrift „Adversus Colotem” als philosophie-geschichtliche Quelle (“Acta Philosophica Fennica” VII), Helsingfors 1955.
  82. - Whittaker 1990: John Whittaker (ed.), Alcinoos. Enseignement des doctrines de Platon, Texte introduit, etabli et commente par J. W., traduit par Pierre Louis, Les Belles Lettres, Paris 1990.
  83. - Zambon 2002: Marco Zambon, Porphyre et le Moyen-Platonisme, Vrin, Paris 2002

Riccardo Chiaradonna, Medioplatonismo e aristotelismo in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 2/2015, pp 425-446, DOI: 10.3280/SF2015-002008