Benessere nei luoghi di lavoro: valutazione della percezione attraverso la somministrazione del questionario WHO-5 Well-being Index

Journal title SALUTE E SOCIETÀ
Author/s Fabrizio Cedrone, Emilio Greco, Simone De Sio
Publishing Year 2017 Issue 2017/3-Suppl.
Language Italian Pages 12 P. 136-147 File size 78 KB
DOI 10.3280/SES2017-SU3009
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to verify the company wellness analyzing the data coming from the administration of the WHO-5 Well-being Index questionnaire, evaluating the differences between workers committed in different tasks and gender differences. We enrolled all 333 employees of a company providing outpatient and first aid health services, divided into three tasks: administrative, drivers/rescuer, caregivers. The female population in all three working populations identified and divided by task have a lower level of well-being calculated. Workers belonging to the administrative group have achieved an average score at the lowest level than workers employed in other tasks. Among health care workers, are having the lowest percentage with a score below 13. Drivers/Rescuers are placed in an intermediate position between two other tasks under the perceived health profile.

Keywords: WHO-5; workplace; gender difference; psychosocial risks; health at work; health protection.

  1. Bonde J.P.E. (2008). Psychosocial factors at work and risk of depression: a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence. Occupational and environmental medicine, 65(7): 438-445.
  2. Cox T. & Griffiths A.J. (1994). The nature and measurement of work stress: Theory and practice. In Corlett N. & Wilson J., Eds., Evaluation of Human Work: A Practical Ergonomics Methodology. London: Taylor and Francis.
  3. De Sio S., Cedrone F., Greco E., Di Traglia M., Sanità D., Mandolesi D., Stansfeld S.A. (2016). Job stress: an in-depth investigation based on the HSE questionnaire and a multistep approach in order to identify the most appropriate corrective actions. Clin Ter, 167 (6): e143-149. DOI: 10.7417/CT.2016.195
  4. Davidson M.J., Earnshaw J. (1991). Vulnerable Workers: Psychosocial and Legal Issues. Chichester: Wiley & Sons, 15(2): 187-189.
  5. Gao J., Weaver S.R., Dai J., Jia Y., Liu X., Jin K., & Fu H. (2014). Workplace social capital and mental health among Chinese employees: a multi-level, cross-sectional study. PloS one, 9(1): e85005.
  6. Greco E. (2014). Metodologie e tecniche delle scienze sociali nella promozione della salute e nella prevenzione delle malattie. V Workshop. Health determinants: new paths for scientific research, Rome, May 8, 2014. Roma: Istituto Superiore di Sanità. DOI: 10.13140/2.1.1237.728
  7. Greco E. (2016). Sociologia della Salute. Prevenzione sociale e sanitaria delle malattie. Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino Editore.
  8. Greenhaus J.H. (2002). Negative affectivity, role stress, and work–family conflict. Journal of Vacational Behaviour, 60(1): 1-16.
  9. Henkel V., Mergl R., Kohnen R., Maier W., Möller H.J., Hegerl U. (2003). Identifying depression in primary care: a comparison of different methods in a prospective cohort study. British medical journal, 326(7382): 200-1.
  10. Holden C. (2000). Global survey examines impact of depression. Science, 288(5463): 39-40.
  11. Karasek R.A. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude and mental strain: implications for job redesign. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24: 285-308.
  12. Kolstad H.A., Hansen Å.M., Kærgaard A., Thomsen J.F., Kaerlev L., Mikkelsen S., Grynderup M.B., Mors O., Rugulies R., Kristensen A.S., Andersen J.H., Bonde J.P. (2011). Job strain and the risk of depression: is reporting biased? American journal of epidemiology, 173(1): 94-102.
  13. Krieger T., Zimmermann J., Huffziger S., Ubl B., Diener C., Kuehner C., Grpsse Holtforth M. (2014). Measuring depression with a well-being index: further evidence for the validity of the WHO Well-Being Index (WHO-5) as a measure of the severity of depression. Journal of affective disorders, 156: 240-244.
  14. Lazarus R.S. (1996). Psychological Stress and the Coping Process. New York, Toronto, London: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
  15. Levi L. (1984). Stress in Industry: Causes, Effects and Prevention. Occupational Safety and Health Series no. 51. Geneva: International Labour Office.
  16. Maturo A. (2007). Sociologia della malattia. Un’introduzione. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  17. Maturo A. (2012). La società bionica. Saremo sempre più belli, felici e artificiali? Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  18. Matud M.P. (2004). Gender differences in stress and coping styles. Personality and individual differences, 37(7): 1401-1415.
  19. Michie S. (2002). Causes and management of stress at work. Occupational and environmental medicine, 59(1): 67-72.
  20. Netterstrøm B., Conrad N., Bech P., Fink P., Olsen O., Rugulies R., Stansfeld S. (2008). The relation between work-related psychosocial factors and the development of depression. Epidemiologic reviews, 30(1): 118-132.
  21. Park J.N., Han M.A., Park J., Ryu S.Y. (2016). Prevalence of depressive symptoms and related factors in Korean employees: the Third Korean Working Conditions Survey (2011). International journal of environmental research and public health, 13(4): 424.
  22. Poulton A., Whale S., Robinson J. (2016). The mental effort-reward imbalances model and its implications for behaviour management. Journal Of Psychologists And Counsellors In Schools, 26(2): 155-165.
  23. Topp C.W., Østergaard S.D., Søndergaard S., Bech P. (2015). The WHO-5 Well-Being Index: a systematic review of the literature. Psychotherapy and psychosomatics, 84(3): 167-176. DOI: 10.1159/00037658
  24. Vaccarino A.L., Evans K.R., Kalali A.H., Kennedy S.H., Engelhardt N., Frey B.N., Greist J.H., Kobak K.A., Lam R.W., Mac Queen G., Milev R., Placenza F.M., Ravindran A,V., Sheehan D.V., Sills T., Williams J.B.W. (2016). The Depression Inventory Development Workgroup: A Collaborative, Empirically Driven Initiative to Develop a New Assessment Tool for Major Depressive Disorder. Innovations In Clinical Neuroscience, 13(9/10): 20-31.
  25. Watson S.B., Goh Y.W., Sawang S. (2011). Gender Influences on the Work-Related Stress-Coping Process. Journal Of Individual Differences, 32(1): 39-46.

  • Feeling supported and engaged during COVID-19: the role of family and colleagues in promoting teachers’ well-being Annalisa Soncini, Francesca Floris, Maria Cristina Matteucci, in Teachers and Teaching /2023 pp.37
    DOI: 10.1080/13540602.2022.2144820
  • Consequences of COVID19-pandemic lockdown on Italian occupational physicians’ psychosocial health Simone De Sio, Giuseppe La Torre, Giuseppe Buomprisco, Ekaterina Lapteva, Roberto Perri, Paola Corbosiero, Pietro Ferraro, Arianna Giovannetti, Emilio Greco, Fabrizio Cedrone, Marianna Mazza, in PLOS ONE /2021 pp.e0243194
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0243194
  • A new tool to evaluate burnout: the Italian version of the BAT for Italian healthcare workers Ivan Borrelli, Paolo Emilio Santoro, Caterina Fiorilli, Giacomo Angelini, Ilaria Buonomo, Paula Benevene, Luciano Romano, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Carlotta Amantea, Umberto Moscato, in BMC Public Health 474/2022
    DOI: 10.1186/s12889-022-12881-y

Fabrizio Cedrone, Emilio Greco, Simone De Sio, Benessere nei luoghi di lavoro: valutazione della percezione attraverso la somministrazione del questionario WHO-5 Well-being Index in "SALUTE E SOCIETÀ" 3-Suppl./2017, pp 136-147, DOI: 10.3280/SES2017-SU3009