Clicca qui per scaricare

Lavoratori o lavoratrici povere? Disuguaglianze di genere nel mercato del lavoro in Europa
Titolo Rivista: SOCIOLOGIA E RICERCA SOCIALE  
Autori/Curatori: Marianna Filandri, Emanuela Struffolino 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: 117 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  19 P. 67-85 Dimensione file:  310 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SR2018-117004
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 




This article offers a comparative analysis of gender inequality within the working poor population, across 31 European countries. Our results show that women’s disadvantage in the probability of being working poor is higher in countries where they are employed to a greater extent. Labor market characteristics and work-family conciliation policies connected directly to women’s participation are discussed as salient factors.

  1. G. Allègre (2008), Working Poor in the EU: An Exploratory Comparative Analysis, Document de Travail – Working Paper Ofce, 35, November.
  2. H.J. Andreß, H. Lohmann (2008), Introduction: The Working Poor in Europe, In H.J. Andreß, H. Lohmann (eds.), The Working Poor in Europe: Employment, Poverty and Globalisation, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing.
  3. D. Anxo, C. Fagan, I. Cebrian, G. Moreno (2007), «Patterns of Labour Market Integration in Europe – A Life Course Perspective on Time Policies», Socio-Economic Review, 5, pp. 233-60.
  4. M.J. Bane, D.T. Ellwood (1991), «Is American Business Working for the Poor?», Harvard Business Review, 69, pp. 58-66.
  5. E. Bárcena-Martín, A.I. Moro-Egido (2013), «Gender and Poverty Risk in Europe», Feminist Economics, 19, pp. 69-99.
  6. L. Bardone, A.C. Guio (2005), In-Work Poverty. New Commonly Agreed Indicators at the EU Level. Eurostat – Statistics in focus, Population and Social ConditionsStatistics in focus, Population and Social Conditions, Eurostat, vol. 5.
  7. G. Becker (1981), A Treatise on the Family, Cambridge (MA), Harvard University Press.
  8. F. Bettio, J. Plantenga, M. Smith (2013), Gender and the European Labour Market, London: Routledge.
  9. F. Biolcati Rinaldi, F. Podestà (2008), Two Countries in One: the Working Poor in Italy, in H.J. Andreß, H. Lohmann (eds.), The Working Poor in Europe: Employment, Poverty and Globalisation, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing.
  10. H.-P. Blossfeld, S. Drobnic (2001), Careers of Couples in Contemporary Societies: From Male Breadwinner to Dual Earner Families, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  11. R. Bozzon (2008), «Modelli di partecipazione delle donne al mercato del lavoro. Un’applicazione dell’analisi delle sequenze alle storie lavorative femminili», Stato e mercato, 28, pp. 217-50.
  12. D. Brady, R. Burroway (2012), «Targeting, Universalism, and Single-Mother Poverty: A Multilevel Analysis Across 18 Affluent Democracies», Demography, 49, pp. 719-46,
  13. D. Brady, D. Kall (2008), «Nearly Universal, but somewhat distinct: The Feminization of Poverty in Affluent Western Democracies, 1969-2000», Social Science Research, 37, pp. 976-1007,
  14. M.L. Bryan, S.P. Jenkins (2016), «Multilevel Modelling of Country Effects: A Cautionary Tale», European Sociological Review, 32, pp. 3-22,
  15. M. Campbell, H. Thomson, C. Fenton, M. Gibson (2016), «Lone Parents, Health, Wellbeing and Welfare to work: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies», Bmc Public Health, 16.
  16. B. Cantillon, F. Vandenbroucke (eds.) (2014), Reconciling Work and Poverty Reduction: How Successful are European Welfare States?, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  17. L. Cappellari (2002), «Do the “Working Poor” stay Poor? An Analysis of Low Pay Transitions in Italy», Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 64, pp. 87-110.
  18. L. Cappellari, S.P. Jenkins (2008), Transitions between Unemployment and Low Pay, in S.W. Polachek, K. Tatsiramos (eds.), Work, Earnings and Other Aspects of the Employment Relation, Research in Labor Economics, 28, pp. 57-79,, 10.1111/1468-0084.00014DOI: 10.1111/1468-0084.00014
  19. V. Carrieri (2012), «I working poor in Italia: quanti sono, chi sono, quanto sono poveri», Rivista delle politiche sociali, 2, pp. 71-96.
  20. L.N. Christofides, A. Polycarpou, K. Vrachimis (2013), «Gender Wage Gaps, “Sticky Floors” and “Glass Ceilings” in Europe», Labour Economics, 21, pp. 86-102,
  21. Cies (2010), Rapporto sulle politiche contro la povertà e l’esclusione sociale. Rapporto annuale, -- http://sitiarcheologici.lavoro.gov.it/Strumenti/StudiStatistiche/Documents/RapportoCIES_2010_def.pdf.
  22. E. Crettaz (2013), «A State-of-the-art Review of Working Poverty in Advanced Economies: Theoretical Models, Measurement Issues and Risk Groups», Journal of European Social Policy, 23, pp. 347-62,, 10.1177/0958928713507470DOI: 10.1177/0958928713507470
  23. E. Crettaz, G. Bonoli (2011), Worlds of Working Poverty: National Variations in Mechanisms, in N. Fraser, R. Gutiérrez, R. Peña-Casas (eds.), Working Poverty in Europe. A Comparative Approach, New York, Palgrave Macmillan.
  24. S. Danziger, P. Gottschalk (1986), «Work, Poverty, and the Working Poor: a Multifaceted Problem», Monthly Labour Review, 109, pp. 17-21.
  25. A. De Cataldo, E. Ruspini (2014), La ricerca di genere, Roma, Carocci.
  26. D. Del Boca, C. Saraceno (2005), «Le donne in Italia tra famiglia e lavoro», Economia & lavoro, 39, pp. 125-37.
  27. C. Erhel, M. Guergoat-Larivière (2013), «Labor Market Regimes, Family Policies, and Women’s Behavior in the EU», Feminist Economics, 19, pp. 76-109,, 10.1080/13545701.2013.842649DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2013.842649
  28. Eurostat (2010), In-Work Poverty in EU. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  29. M. Filandri, T. Nazio, J. O’Reilly (2017), Is Any Job better than No Job?, in J. O’Reilly, C. Moyart, T. Nazio, M. Smith (eds.), Youth Employment: Style Handbook, http://style-handbook.eu.
  30. M. Filandri, E. Struffolino (2013), «Working Poor. Lavoratori con basso salario o occupati che vivono in famiglie povere? Un’analisi del fenomeno in Italia prima e dopo la crisi», Sociologia del lavoro, 121, pp. 190-205.
  31. M. Filandri, E. Struffolino (2018), «Individual and Household In-work poverty in Europe: Understanding the Role of Labor Market Characteristics», European Societies,, 10.1080/14616696.2018.1536800DOI: 10.1080/14616696.2018.1536800
  32. K. Gardiner, J. Millar (2006), «How Low-paid Employees avoid Poverty: An Analysis by Family Type and Household Structure», Journal of Social Policy, 35, pp. 351-69,, 10.1017/S0047279406009822DOI: 10.1017/S0047279406009822
  33. D.H. Greenberg, P.K. Robins (2011), «Have Welfare-to-work Programs Improved over Time in putting Welfare Recipients to work?», Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 64, pp. 910-20,, 10.1177/001979391106400504DOI: 10.1177/001979391106400504
  34. J.P. Heisig, M. Schaeffer, J. Giesecke (2017), «The Costs of Simplicity: Why Multilevel Models May Benefit from Accounting for Cross-Cluster Differences in the Effects of Controls», American Sociological Review, 82, pp. 796-827,, 10.1177/0003122417717901DOI: 10.1177/0003122417717901
  35. J. Horemans, I. Marx, Nolan B. (2016), «Hanging in, but only just: Part-time Employment and In-work Poverty throughout the Crisis», Iza Journal of European Labor Studies, V, 5.
  36. E. Kenjoh (2005), «New Mothers’ Employment and Public Policy in the UK, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Japan», Labour, 19, pp. 5-49,
  37. B.W. Klein, P.L. Rones (1989), «A Profile of the Working Poor», Monthly Labour Review, 112, pp. 3-13.
  38. M.T. Letablier, A. Luci, M. Math, O. Thévenon (eds.) (2009), The Cost of Raising Children and the Effectiveness of Policies Supporting Parenthood, Rapport pour la Commission Européenne, Paris, Ined.
  39. J. Lewis, T. Knijn, C. Martin, I. Ostner (2008), «Patterns of Development in Work/Family Reconciliation Policies for Parents in France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK in the 2000s», Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society, 15, pp. 261-86.
  40. I. Lødemel, A. Moreira (eds.) (2014), Activation or Workfare? Governance and the Neo-liberal Convergence, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  41. H. Lohmann (2009), «Welfare States, Labour Market Institutions and the working Poor: A Comparative Analysis of 20 European Countries», European Sociological Review, 25, pp. 489-504,
  42. H. Lohmann, I. Marx (2008), The Different Faces of In-Work Poverty Across Welfare State Regimes, in H.J. Andreß, H. Lohmann (eds.), The Working Poor in Europe: Employment, Poverty and Globalisation, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 17-46.
  43. C. Lucifora (1998), Working Poor? An Analysis of Low-Wage Employment in Italy, in R. Asplund, P.J. Sloane, I. Theodossiou (eds.), Low Pay and Earnings Mobility in Europe, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar.
  44. C. Lucifora, A. McKnight, W.S. Salverda (2005), «Low-wage Employment in Europe: A Review of the Evidence», Socio-economic Review, 3, pp. 259-92,
  45. B. Maitre, B. Nolan, C.T.W. Whelan (2012), «Low-Pay, In-Work Poverty and Economic Vulnerability: A Comparative Analysis using EU-Silc», The Manchester School, 80, pp. 99-116,
  46. H. Mandel, M. Shalev (2009), «How Welfare States shape the Gender Pay Gap: A Theoretical and Comparative Analysis», Social Forces, 87, pp. 1873-912,
  47. I. Marx, G. Verbist (1998), Low-Paid Work and Poverty: A Cross-Country Perspective, in S. Bazen, M. Gregory, W. Salverda (eds.), Low Wage Employment in Europe, Cheltenham (UK and Northampton), Edward Elgar Publishing.
  48. I. Marx, G. Verbist (2008), Combating In-Work Poverty in Europe: The Policy Options Assessed, in H.J. Andreß, H. Lohmann (eds.), The Working Poor in Europe: Employment, Poverty and Globalisation, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing.
  49. B. Nolan, I. Marx (2000), Low Pay and Household Poverty, in M. Gregory, W. Salverda, S. Bazen (eds.), Labour Market Inequalities: Problems and Policies of Low-wage Employment in International Perspective, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  50. R. Peña-Casas, M. Latta (2004), Working Poor in the European Union, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities-Eurofound.
  51. B. Pettit, J. Hook (2005), «The Structure of Women’s Employment in Comparative Perspective», Social Forces, 84, pp. 779-801,
  52. L. Pradella (2015), «The Working Poor in Western Europe: Labour, Poverty and Global Capitalism», Comparative European Politics, 13, pp. 596-613,
  53. M. Raitano (2009), «Differenze di genere nel mercato del lavoro dei Paesi della UE15», Rivista delle politiche sociali, 2, pp. 165-85.
  54. M. Raitano, E. Struffolino (2013), «Traiettorie lavorative e salariali a inizio carriera in Italia: un’analisi longitudinale», Stato e mercato, 99, pp. 389-422.
  55. E. Reyneri (2009), Offerta di lavoro e occupazione femminile, parte I: Il lavoro delle donne, Roma, Cnel.
  56. C. Saraceno (2003), «La conciliazione di responsabilità familiari e attività lavorative in Italia: paradossi ed equilibri imperfetti», Polis, pp. 199-228.
  57. S. Scherer, E. Reyneri (2009), «Come è cresciuta l’occupazione femminile in Italia: fattori strutturali e culturali a confronto», Stato e mercato, 2, pp. 183-216.
  58. N. Steiber, B. Haas (2009), «Ideals or Compromises? The Attitude-behaviour Relationship in Mothers’ Employment», Socio-Economic Review, 7, pp. 639-68,
  59. W. Uunk, M. Kalmijn, R. Muffels (2005), «The Impact of Young Children on Women’s Labour Supply A Reassessment of Institutional Effects in Europe», Acta Sociologica, 48, pp. 41-62,, 10.1177/0001699305050986DOI: 10.1177/0001699305050986

Marianna Filandri, Emanuela Struffolino, in "SOCIOLOGIA E RICERCA SOCIALE " 117/2018, pp. 67-85, DOI:10.3280/SR2018-117004

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche