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Lifetime trauma, adversity and emotional disorder in older age women
Autori/Curatori: Antonia Bifulco, Catherine Jacobs, Andrea Oskis, Francesca Cavana , Ruth Spence 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2019 Fascicolo: 2 Focus monotematico. Impacts of childhood maltreatment in adulthood Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  15 P. 29-43 Dimensione file:  213 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MAL2019-002003
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Childhood matreatment and adult trauma were studied in relation to emotional disorder in older women, with insecure attachment style as a trauma impact. Eighty mothers aged 50-85 (average 64.5) were selected from a GP-screened community-based sample. A lifespan interview included the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse, the Adult Life Phase Interview and the Attachment Style Interview with SCID-DSM-IV for lifetime depression and anxiety. Logistic regression showed that childhood and adult trauma, but not attachment style, provided the best model for recurrent emotional disorder. Lifetime trauma thus has a major and cumulative impact on disorder in later life. This allows for a better understanding of the psychological burden in older age, with implications for possible psychological treatments.

Il presente studio esamina il trauma infantile e in età adulta in relazione ai disordini emozionali in donne anziane, considerando lo stile d’attaccamento insicuro come evento con impatto traumatico. Ottanta madri di età compresa tra i 50-85 anni (media 64.5) sono state selezionate da un campione comunitario precedentemente sottoposto a screening da parte del medico di base. È stata somministrata un’intervista sul ciclo di vita che includeva Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse, Adult Life Phase Interview e Attachment Style Interview con SCID-DSM-IV per depressione e ansia nel corso della vita. La regressione logistica ha mostrato che il trauma infantile e in età adulta, ma non lo stile di attaccamento, forniscono il modello migliore per spiegare disturbi emotivi ricorrenti. Un trauma perdurante per l’arco di vita ha un forte impatto cumulativo su disturbi in età avanzata. Questo può permettere una migliore comprensione del fardello psicologico in età avanzata, con implicazioni sui trattamenti psicologici utilizzabili.
Keywords: Età avanzata; trauma infantile; avversità in età adulta; violenza del partner; disturbo emotivo

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Antonia Bifulco, Catherine Jacobs, Andrea Oskis, Francesca Cavana , Ruth Spence, Trauma di vita, avversità e disturbi emotivi in donne anziane in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 2/2019, pp. 29-43, DOI:10.3280/MAL2019-002003


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