Industrial delocalization projects, economic strategies and environmental needs. East Naples’ oil area in the second half of the Twentieth century

Author/s Valerio Caruso
Publishing Year 2020 Issue 2020/292 Language Italian
Pages 29 P. 89-116 File size 349 KB
DOI 10.3280/IC2020-292004
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The history of the oil area of East Naples is closely connected to the transformation of localindustrial production and to the prospects of requalification of the territory. Since the 1920s,the oil area, made of storage, distribution, refining and processing activities, has sustainedlocal secondary industrial production and it has guaranteed the energy supply of Naplesand of Southern Italy more broadly. The presence of so many oil industries, however, hasalso greatly polluted the environment and it has strongly limited any urban project aimed atdeveloping the area. A study of the ambitions and failures of these projects can shed light onseveral contemporary local issues, namely environmental degradation, urban disorder and thefunctional promiscuity of urban activities. This article argues that the failed delocalization ofthe oil industries has strongly limited the requalification of East Naples

Keywords: Oil, Industrial history, East Naples, Delocalization, Environment, Environmentalrequalification

Valerio Caruso, Progetti di delocalizzazione industriale, strategie economiche e necessità ecologiche. L’area petroli di Napoli est nel secondo Novecento in "ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA" 292/2020, pp 89-116, DOI: 10.3280/IC2020-292004