Clicca qui per scaricare

Nautical tourism, carrying capac ity and environmental externality in a protected Lagoon of Northern Adriatic Sea
Autori/Curatori: Francesco Silvestri, Stefano Ghinoi, Vincenzo Barone
Anno di pubblicazione: 2013 Fascicolo: 3 Lingua: Inglese
Numero pagine: 36 P. 145-180 Dimensione file: 3081 KB
DOI: 10.3280/EFE2013-003006
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più, clicca qui e qui

Tourism and environmental preservation are often conflicting activities, mainly in coastal lagoons, where seaside mass-tourism comes into contact with a very sensitive ecological system. In this paper we deal with a classical problem of both environmental and tourism economics, the internalization of environmental costs of tourism, focusing on the nautical fruition of the Lagoon of Marano and Grado (North-Eastern Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia Region). Using different instruments, both theoretical (Carrying Capacity framework, Polluter-Payer principle, Coase compensation) and empirical (Log-log regression, Forecasting model, CBA with defensive expenditures and actual market values), we ascertained the result that - given the current nautical berths endowment - a standard Coase equilibrium (unit external cost equal to unit private benefit) does not hold, and a higher number of vessels transiting in the Lagoon is more effective than a tempered fruition for nature conservation. Another interesting result is that the best available solution to internalize environmental externality is a mixed one, combining a command and control rule (a speed-limit prescription) with a Coasian compensation scheme. All the technical theoretical and empirical derivations are reported in Appendix A (Pressure Parameter Calculation), Appendix B (Benefit and Cost Calculation), and Appendix C (Data set and Econometric Tests).

Keywords: Tourism Carrying Capacity, Nature conservation, Externalities, Empirical studies
JEL Code: Q01, Q26, Q57

  1. Brander L. M., Florax J. G., Vermaat J. E. (2006). The empirics of wetland valuation: A comprehensive summary and meta-analysis of the literature. Environmental and Resource Economics, 33, 2., DOI:10.1007/s10640-005-3104-4
  2. Brouwer R., Langford I., Bateman I., Turner R. K. (1999). A Meta-Analysis of Wetland Contingent Valuation Studies. Regional Environmental Change, 1.
  3. Buchanan J. M. (1969). External Diseconomies, Corrective Taxes, and Market Structure. The American Economic Review, 59, 1.
  4. Cecconi G., Ardone V., Cerasuolo C. (2002). Studi e sperimentazioni per la protezione di rive e strutture morfologiche dal moto ondoso. Quaderni Trimestrali Consorzio Venezia Nuova.
  5. Coase R. (1960). The Problem of Social Cost. Journal of Law Economics, 3.
  6. Coccossis H., Mexa A. (2004). The Challange of Tourism Carrying Capacity Assessment. Theory and Practice. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.
  7. Consorzio Venezia Nuova (2003). Studio degli effetti della navigazione interna sulla morfologia lagunare. (Not published).
  8. Dahlman C. J. (1979). The Problem of Externalities. Journal of Law and Economics, 22, 1., DOI:10.1086/466936
  9. Daly H., Cobb J. (1989). For the Common Good. Boston: Beacon Press.
  10. Enjolras G., Boisson J. M. (2010). Valuing lagoons using a meta-analytical approach: methodological and practical issues. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 53, 8., DOI:10.1080/09640568.2010.495553
  11. Farber S., Costanza R. (1987). The Economic Value of Wetlands Systems. Journal of Environmental Management, 24.
  12. Fontolan G., Pillon S., Bezzi A., Villalta V., Lipizer M., Triches A., D’Aietti A. (2012). Human impact and the historical transformation of salt marshes in the Marano and Grado Lagoon, northern Adriatic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 113., DOI:10.1016/j.ecss.2012.02.007
  13. Franzil W. (2010). Relazione di incidenza Siti Natura 2000 “Laguna di Marano e Grado (Codice IT3320037), Laguna di Caorle – Foce del Tagliamento (Codice IT3250033)”, Comune di Latisana, Settore Gestione del territorio ed Opere Pubbliche, Variante n. 61 al PRG Comunale POC del Comune di Latisana (Not published).
  14. Guest M. A., Connolly R. M. (2006). Movement of carbon among estuarine habitats: the influence of salt marsh patch size. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 310: 15-24., DOI:10.3354/meps310015
  15. Hueting R. (1980). New Scarcity and Economic Growth. Amsterdam: North-Holland. Publishing Company, Amsterdam-New York-Oxford.
  16. Kolstad C. (2000). Environmental Economics. New York: Oxford University Press.
  17. Leipert C. (1989). National Income and Economic Growth: The Conceptual Side of Defensive Expenditures. Journal of Economic Issues, 23, 3.
  18. Lindberg K., McCool S. F., Stankey G. H. (1997). Rethinking carrying capacity. Annals of Tourism Research, 24, 2., DOI:10.1016/S0160-7383(97)80018-7
  19. Mowat G., Heard D. C., Gaines T. (2004). Predicting Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos) densities in British Columbia using a multiple regression model. Official memorandum for the British Columbia Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection, British Columbia, Canada (Not published).
  20. Olson M. (1977). The treatment of externalities in national income statistics. In: Wingo L., Evans A. (Eds). Public economics and the quality of life. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.
  21. Pigou A. C. (1962). The Economics of Welfare. London: MacMillian.
  22. Siebert H. (1990). Economics of Environment: Theory and Policy. Berlin: Springer.
  23. Silvestri F. (2005). Lezioni di economia dell’ambiente ed ecologica. Bologna: CLUEB.
  24. Silvestri F., Ghinoi S., Barone V. (2013). Nautical tourism, carrying capacity and environmental externality in the Lagoon of Marano and Grado. Nota di Lavoro 73.2013. Milan, Italy: Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  25. Tiezzi A. (2002). Environmental defensive expenditures and households behavior in Italy. Applied Economics, 34.
  26. Triches A., Pillon S., Bezzi A., Lipizer M., Gordini E. (2011). Carta Batimetrica della Laguna di Marano e Grado. Udine.
  27. United Nations (UN) (1993). Handbook of Integrated Environmental and economic Accounting-Interim Version, Studies in Methods. Series F n. 61, New York.
  28. Weimer D. L., Vining A. R. (1992). Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practices. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
  29. World Tourism Organization - WTO (1981). Saturation of Tourist Destination: Report of the Secretary General. Madrid.
Francesco Silvestri, Stefano Ghinoi, Vincenzo Barone, Nautical tourism, carrying capac ity and environmental externality in a protected Lagoon of Northern Adriatic Sea in "ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT" 3/2013, pp. 145-180, DOI:10.3280/EFE2013-003006


FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche
Acquista qui

Informazioni sulla rivista

Sottoscrivi il FEED
per conoscere subito
i contenuti dell'ultimo fascicolo di questa Rivista

English Version

Download credit