Journal title ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Author/s Paolo Beria, Raffaele Grimaldi, Marco Ponti
Publishing Year 2012 Issue 2012/2 Language English
Pages 28 P. 85-112 File size 1039 KB
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here
Below, you can see the article first page
If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits
FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.
The topic of external costs of transport is widely studied in the scientific literature and policy makers are showing a growing awareness on this problem. One of the main tools used to control the social costs of transport and reduce welfare losses associated to externalities is that of internalisation via tariffs: road pricing, carbon taxes, dedicated taxes etc. Actually, many taxes on transport already exist, but seldom have an explicit internalisation purpose. In this paper we compare current road transport perceived marginal costs in Italy with social ones. Starting from the literature on the topic, in the analytical part of the paper we present the case of Italy and quantify the current level of external costs and taxation. Then we compare unit taxes with marginal transport social costs, with particular respect to different driving contexts. Results show that gasoline passengers cars always perceive the external costs they generate more than any other vehicle category. In urban contexts external costs are still not rightly perceived, with the exception of recent gasoline cars only and excluding congestion. Outside urban contexts, the perceived share is considerably higher. Estimates also suggest that a distortion exists with respect to the gap between highway tolls and infrastructure damage costs in Italy: trucks pay only a little more than marginal infrastructure costs they generate, so that only cars are actually paying for new investments.
Keywords: Social/External costs, Internalisation, Road transport, Italy
Jel codes: D62, H23, R48
Paolo Beria, Raffaele Grimaldi, Marco Ponti, Comparison of social and perceived marginal costs of road transport in Italy in "ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT" 2/2012, pp 85-112, DOI: 10.3280/EFE2012-002005