Clicca qui per scaricare

"Energy transition for green growth" bill: attempting to renovate the French Energy model
Titolo Rivista:  ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Autori/Curatori: Patrice Geoffron
Anno di pubblicazione: 2014 Fascicolo: 2 Lingua: Inglese
Numero pagine: 16 P. 5-20 Dimensione file: 270 KB
DOI: 10.3280/EFE2014-002001
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più, clicca qui e qui


In 2015, the French Parliament passed a law that defines a strategy for energy transition after two years of open public debate. This legislative package outlines ambitious policy measures to reduce energy consumption and comprises an unprecedented effort to renovate homes and buildings. On the supply side, the Law aims for a diversification of energy sources with a phasing down of nuclear and the speeding up of renewable energy sources. Furthermore, by promoting a ‘circular’ economic model and positive-energy territories, it redefines the balance of power in favour of regional authorities, potentially leading to a turning point in French energy policy. But the Law also includes contradictions and grey areas. It is wishful thinking to believe in the phasing down of nuclear from 75% to 50% of the power production in 2025, combined with the stepping up of renewables to 40% of electricity consumption in 2030. And the current economic crisis puts a cap on the capacity of the State, as well as on local and regional authorities, to trigger the transition and, due to the same constraints, it is doubtful that households and corporations will be able to invest or bear the burden of higher energy prices. Finally, as with the German Energiewende, the French Law illustrates the European difficulties to define collectively a long-term energy strategy.



Keywords: French energy policy, energy transition, green economy
JEL Code: Q42, Q48, Q54


  1. Loorbach D. (2010). Transition management for sustainable development: a prescriptive, complexity-based governance framework. Governance, 23.
  2. Nordhaus W. (2011). Designing a friendly space for technological change to slow global warming. Energy Economics.
  3. Alkemade F., Hekkert M.P., Negro S.O (2011). Transition policy and innovation policy: Friends or foes? Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions. 1.
  4. Buchan D. (2014). The French Disconnection: reducing the nuclear share in France’s energy mix. The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies.
  5. CDC Climat (2014). Panorama des financements climatiques en 2011.
  6. Edquist C. Systems of innovation. The Oxford handbook of innovation. Oxford University Press, New York. Fouquet R. (2010). The slow research for solutions: Lessons from historical energy transitions by sector and service. Energy Policy, 38.
  7. Foxon T.J., Hammond G.P., Pearson P.J. (2010). Developing transition pathways for a low carbon electricity system in the UK. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 77.
  8. Geels F.W. (2004). From sectoral systems of innovation to socio-technical systems: insights about dynamics and change from sociology and institutional theory. Res. policy, 33.
  9. OPECST (2011). Rapport sur l’avenir de la filière nucléaire en France, n° 4097. Rotmans J., Kemp R., Van Asselt M. (2001). More evolution than revolution: transition management in public policy. Foresight, 3, 15-31.
  10. Smil V. (2010). Energy Transitions: History, Requirements, Prospects. Praeger, Westport, CT.
  11. Solomon B.D, Krishna K. (2011). The coming sustainable energy transition: History, strategies and outlook. Energy Policy, 39.
  12. WEC (2014). World Energy Trilemma. World Energy Council.
  13. WEF (2014). The Global Energy Architecture Performance Index Report. World Economic Forum.
Patrice Geoffron, "Energy transition for green growth" bill: attempting to renovate the French Energy model in "ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT" 2/2014, pp. 5-20, DOI:10.3280/EFE2014-002001

     


FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche
Acquista qui

Informazioni sulla rivista

Sottoscrivi il FEED
per conoscere subito
i contenuti dell'ultimo fascicolo di questa Rivista

English Version

Download credit

Pubblicità