Reciprocity in Retrospect: A Historical Inquest of Bilateralism in U.S. Trade Policy

Author/s Treb Allen, Stephen Meardon
Publishing Year 2012 Issue 2012/2 Language English
Pages 29 P. 5-33 File size 492 KB
DOI 10.3280/SPE2012-002001
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Several varieties of bilateral trade arrangements were tried in the United States from independence to 1909. They included most-favored-nation (MFN) treaties of the conditional and unconditional varieties, MFN treaties in which the conditionality was implicit, preferential trade arrangements, and agreements of a different nature authorized by the McKinley Tariff Act of 1890 and the Dingley Act of 1897. This essay is an inquest of the varieties of U.S. trade arrangements and their effects on bilateral trade flows. It surveys the several varieties, discusses the circumstances of their usage, and uses a gravity model to estimate empirically their effects. The empirical results show that bilateralism’s effects on trade flows are contingent upon its varieties and historical circumstances.

Keywords: Bilateralism, international trade treaties, most-favored-nation, preferential trade agreements, reciprocity, trade policy

Jel codes: N71, F13

Treb Allen, Stephen Meardon, Reciprocity in Retrospect: A Historical Inquest of Bilateralism in U.S. Trade Policy in "HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT AND POLICY" 2/2012, pp 5-33, DOI: 10.3280/SPE2012-002001