Sicurezza è comportamento

Author/s Fabiana Gatti
Publishing Year 2014 Issue 2014/101 Language Italian
Pages 20 P. 113-132 File size 700 KB
DOI 10.3280/QUA2014-101006
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Several studies based on analysis of accidents have shown that the "human factor" is the cause of two-thirds of accidents, but they do not consider the organizational context. Unsafe behaviors, instead, have three causal mechanisms: risk perception, risk propensity and safety climate. This paper presents a review of psychosocial studies about these factors and describes three projects focused on the promotion of safe behaviors; they demonstrate the interdependence of these factors and how, by acting on one, it is possible to create proper preconditions to change the other ones.

  1. Anolli L. (2006). Fondamenti di Psicologia della comunicazione. Bologna: il Mulino.
  2. Bureau of Labour Statistics (2012). Industry Injury and Illness, testo disponibile al sito
  3. Chew D. (1988). Effective occupational safety aactivities. International Labour Review, 127: 111-124.
  4. DeJoy D.M. (2005). Behavior change versus culture change: Divergent approaches to managing workplace safety. Safety Science, 43: 105-129. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2005.02.001
  5. DeJoy D.M., Schaffer B.S., Wilson M.G., Vandenberg R.J. e Butts M.M. (2004). Creating safer workplaces: assessing the determinants and role of safety climate. Journal of Safety Research, 35: 81-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2003.09.018
  6. Douglas M. (1985). Risk Acceptability According to the Social Sciences. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  7. Douglas M. e Wildavsky A. B. (1982). Risk and Culture: An essay on the selection of technical and environmental dangers. London: Taylor & Taylor.
  8. Eisenberger R. e Fasolo P. (1990). Perceived organizational support and employee diligence, committment and innovation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75: 51-59. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.75.1.51
  9. Eisenberger R. e Huntington R. (1986). Perceived organizational support, Journal of Applied Psichology, 71: 500-509. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.71.3.500
  10. Flin R., Mearns K., O’Connor P. e Bryden R. (2000). Measuring safety climate: identifying the common features. Safety Science, 34: 177-192. DOI: 10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00012-6
  11. Gallagher C., Underhill E. e Rimmel M. (2001). Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems. Sydeny: National Occupational Health and Safety Commission.
  12. Gatti F. (2010). Guida ai comportamenti sicuri in azienda. Manuale pratico per manager e RSPP. Roma: Il Sole 24 Ore.
  13. Gyekye S. (2003). Causal attributions of Ghanian workers for accidents occurrence: miners and non.miners perspective. Journal of Safety Research, 34; 533-538. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2003.03.002
  14. Hahn S. e Murphy L. (2008). A short scale for measuring safety climate. Safety Science, 47: 1047-1066. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2007.06.002
  15. Hofmann D. e Morgenson F. (1999). Safety related behaviour as a social exchangethe role of percieved organizational support and leader-member exchange. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84: 286-296. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.84.2.286
  16. Kath L., Marks K. e Ranney J. (2010). Safety climate dimensions, leader-member exchange and organizational support as predictors of upward safety communication. Safety Science, 48; 643-650. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2010.01.016
  17. Istituto Nazionale per l’Assicurazione contro gli Infortuni sul Lavoro (INAIL) (2011). Rapporto Annuale sull’andamento infortunistico. Roma: INAIL
  18. Kelley H. H. e Michela J. L. (1980). Attribution theory and research. Annual Review of Psychology, 31: 457-501. DOI: 10.1146/
  19. Laurence D. (2005). Safety rules and regulations in mine site - the problem and the solution, Journal of Safety Research 36; 39-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2004.11.004
  20. Lewin, K. (1951). Field theory in social science; selected theoretical papers. In: Cartwright D. a cura di. New York: Harper & Row.
  21. Mearns K. e Reader T. (2008). Organizational support and safety outcames: an uninvestigated relationship?. Safety Science, 46; 388-397. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2007.05.002
  22. Mohaghegh Z. e Mosleh A. (2009). Incorporating organizational factors into probabilistic risk assessment of socio-technical systems: principles and theoretical foundations. Safety Science, 47; 1139-1158. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2008.12.008
  23. Occupational Health and Safety Authority (OSHA) (2011). Magazine 12 - Healthy Workplaces. A European Campaign on Safe Maintenance, 10, 2011.
  24. Reason J. (1990). Human Error. New York: Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781139062367
  25. Reason J. (1997). Manging the risk of organizational accidents. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.
  26. Rhoades J. e Eisenberger R. (2002). Perceived organizational support: a review of the literature. Journal of Applied Psichology, 87; 698-714. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.87.4.698
  27. Rotter J. (1954). Social Learning and Clinical Psychology. London: Prentice-Hall. DOI: 10.1037/10788-000
  28. Sanne J. (2008). Incident reporting or storytelling? Competing schemes in a safety critical and hazardous work setting. Safety Science, 46; 1205-1222. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2007.06.024
  29. Shannon H., Mayr J. e Haines T. (1997). Overview of the relationship between organizational and workplace factors an injury rates. Safety Science 26: 201-217. DOI: 10.1016/S0925-7535(97)00043-X
  30. Shannon H., Robson L. e Sale L. (2001). Creating safer and healtier workplaces: role of organizational factors and job characteristics. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 40: 319-334. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.1106
  31. Slovic P. (2000). Rational actors and rational fools: The influence of affect on judgment and decision making. Roger Williams University Law Review, 6, 1: 163-212.
  32. Smith L. e Iskra-Golec I. (2003). Internal Locus of Control and shiftworks effects. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics science, 4: 327-339. DOI: 10.1080/14639220210158871
  33. Sorrentino M. (2006). Resistenza al cambiamento: concezioni a confronto, working paper Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Studi Sociali e Politici, disponibile al sito web:
  34. Spencer J.P. (2001). The essence of cognitive development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24: 62-63. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X01493915
  35. Targoutzidis A. (2010). Incorporating human factors into a simplified “bow-tie” approach for workplace risk assessment, Safety Science, 48: 145-156. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2009.07.005
  36. Walker G. (2010). A safety counterculture challenge to a safety climate. Safety Science 48: 333-341. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2009.10.007
  37. Weiner B. (1985). An attributional theory of achievemnet motivation and emotion. Psychological Review, 92; 548-573. DOI: 10.1037/0033-295X.92.4.548
  38. William D. e Noyes J. (2007). How does perception risk influence decision making? Implications for the design of risk information. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 8; 1-35. DOI: 10.1080/14639220500484419

Fabiana Gatti, Sicurezza è comportamento in "QUADERNI DI ECONOMIA DEL LAVORO" 101/2014, pp 113-132, DOI: 10.3280/QUA2014-101006