Effectiveness on the health of an annual course of Biodanza: empirical study with 235 people

Author/s Maria Teresa Giannelli, Patrizia Giannino, Alessandro Mingarelli
Publishing Year 2015 Issue 2015/1 Language Italian
Pages 24 P. 84-107 File size 350 KB
DOI 10.3280/PDS2015-001009
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Biodance is a discipline which is proposed as a path of personal growth and development with the goal of promoting individual well-being. The study has evaluated the specific effects of Biodance on various dimensions of well-being such as: psychological well-being, stress and alexithymia. There were 235 participants involved in this study, divided into three groups, the first is an experimental group and the two others are control groups. The experimental group Biodance, is made up of 96 participants who started a bio-dance course for the first time; 71 participants who started a dance course constitute the Physical Activity control group and the Sedentary control group, consisting of 68 participants, did not practice any physical activity. The data collection was done through three questionnaires filled out over two periods of time: at the beginning (pre-test) and at the end of the courses, which lasted for about 9 months (post-test). The scales used for the data collection were the following: the Psychological Well-Being Scale used to evaluate individual well-being, the Measure du Stress Psychologique to measure stress and Toronto Alexithymia Scale, to evaluate the alexithymia. The results highlighted that participants of the Biodance group, after one year of taking the course, show an improvement of their psychological well-being and a decreased of level of stress and minor level of alexithymia. However both Physical Activity and Sedentary control groups do not present significant variation between pre and post-test. To conclude, the results show that Biodance is indeed a practice to promote well-being and individual development.

Keywords: Biodance, well-being, stress, alexithymia.

  1. Antonovsky. A. (1979). Health, stress, and coping. S. Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  2. Bagby R.M., Parker J.D.A. and Taylor G.J. (1994). The twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale – I. Item selection and cross-validation of the factor structure. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 38: 23-32. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3999(94)90005-
  3. Biondi M. e Pancheri P. (1984). Psicoimmunologia [Psycoimmunology]. In: Pancheri P. (a cura di). Trattato di medicina psicosomatica [Textbook of psychosomatic medicine]. Firenze: USES.
  4. Bojner-Horwitz E., Theorell T. and Anderberg U.M. (2003). Dance/movement therapy and changes in stress-related hormones: A study of fibromyalgia patients with videointerpretation. The Art in Psychotherapy, 30: 255-264. DOI: 10.1016/j.aip.2003.07.00
  5. Bressi C., Taylor G., Parker J., Bressi S., Brambilla V., Aguglia E., Allegranti I., Bongiorno A., Giberti F., Bucca M., Todarello O., Callegari C., Vender S., Gala C. and Invernizzi G. (1996). Cross validation of the factor structure of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia scale: An Italian multicenter study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 41: 551-559. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3999(96)00228-
  6. Brydon L., Edwards S., Jia H., Mohamed-Ali V., Zachary I., Martin J.F. and Steptoe A. (2005). Psychological stress activates interleukin-1β gene expression in human mononuclear cells. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 19 (6): 540-546. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2004.12.00
  7. Buchingham J.C., Gillies G.E. and Cowell A.M. (1997). Stress, stress hormones and the immune system. Chichester: Wiley.
  8. Calfas K.J. and Taylor W.C. (1994). Effects of physical activity on psychological variables in adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science, 6: 406-423.
  9. Carbonell-Baeza A., Aparicio V.A., Martins-Pereira C.M., Gatto-Cardia C.M., Ortega F.B., Huertas F.J., Tercedor P., Ruiz J.R. and Delgado-Fernandez M. (2010). Efficacy of Biodanza for treating women with fibromyalgia. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16 (11): 1191-200. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2010-003
  10. Cavallo M. (2007). Arti-terapie. Tra clinica e ricerca [Art Therapy. Between clinics and Research]. Roma: Edizioni Universitarie Romane.
  11. Corrao F. (1981). Struttura poliadica e funzione Gamma [Polyadic Structure and Gamma function].
  12. In: Gruppo e Funzione Analitica [Group and Analytical Function]. 2 (2): 37-55.
  13. Di Nuovo S., Rispoli L. and Genta E. (2000). Misurare lo stress [Measuring stress]. Milano: Franco Angeli.
  14. De Gucht V. and Heiser W. (2003). Alexithymia and somatisation: A quantitative review of the literature. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 54 (5): 425-434. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3999(02)00467-1
  15. Fisher S. and Cleveland S. (1968). Body image and personality. New York: Van Nostrand. Gandi J.C., Wai P.S., Karick H. and Dagona Z.K. (2011). The role of stress and level of burnout in job performance among nurses. Mental Health in Family Medicine, 8(3): 181-194.
  16. Giannelli M.T. (2006). Comunicare in modo etico [Communicating ethically]. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  17. Grinberg L., Gringerg R. (1975). Identidad y cambio [Identity and change]. Buenos Aires: Editorial Nova.
  18. Hackney M.E. Kantorovich S., Levin R. and Earhart G.M. (2007). Effects of tango on functional mobility in Parkinson’s disease: a preliminary study. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 31 (4): 173-179. DOI: 10.1097/NPT.0b013e31815ce78
  19. Hanh T.N. (1976). Miracle of Mindfulness. Boston: MA: Beacon.
  20. Stück M., Villegas A., Perche F. and Balzer H.U. (2007). New ways for psycho-vegetative stress reduction in teachers under the use of Biodanza and Yoga. Ergomed, 3: 68-75.
  21. Jeong Y.J., Hong S.C., Soo L., Park M.C., Kim Y.M. and Suh. C.M. (2005). Dance movement therapy improves emotional responses and modulates neurohormones in adolescents with mild depression. International Journal of Neuroscience, 115: 1711-1720. DOI: 10.1080/0020745059095857
  22. Keogh J.W., Kilding A., Pidgeon P., Ashley L. and Gillis D. (2009). Physical benefits of dancing for healthy older adults: a review. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 17: 479-500.
  23. Lazzari D. (2007). Mente & Salute. Evidenze, ricerche e modelli per l’integrazione [Mind and Health. Evidence, research and models for integration]. Milano: Franco Angeli.
  24. Lazarus R.S. (1991). Emotion and adaptation. London: Oxford University Press.
  25. Lazarus R.S. and Folkman S. (1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer.
  26. Lemyre L., Tessier R. and Fillon C. (1990). Mesure du stress psychologique [Measurement of psychological stress]. Brossard-Quebec: Éditions Béhaviora Inc.
  27. Lewis P. (1986). Theoretical approaches in dance/movement therapy. Vol. 1 and Vol. 2. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt.
  28. McDonald D.G. and Hodgdon J.A. (1991). Psychological effects of aerobic fitness training: research and theory. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  29. Murcia C.Q. Kreutz G., Clift S. and Bongard S. (2010). Shall we dance? An exploration of the perceived benefits of dancing on well-being. Arts and Health, 2 (2): 149-163. DOI: 10.1080/1753301090348858
  30. Olivieri O. e Zappi T. (2007). Biodanza. La “poetica dell’incontro umano” [The “poetics of the human encounter”]. In: Manes S. (a cura di). Giochi per crescere insieme. Manuale di tecniche creative [Games to grow together. Manual of creative techniques]. Milano: Franco Angeli. pp. 133-151.
  31. Ricci Bitti P. (1998). Regolazione delle emozioni e arti-terapie [Regulation of emotions and art-therapy]. Roma: Carocci.
  32. Ricci Bitti P.E. e Caterina R. (2001). Motivazione e regolazione delle emozioni [Motivation and emotion regulation]. In: Moderato M. e Rovetto F. (a cura di). Psicologo: verso la professione [Psychologist: towards the profession]. Milano: McGrawn-Hill, pp. 361-387.
  33. Ridolfi A., Lettieri A., Scarpa F., Marini E. e Tredici D. (2014). La grammatica di Montelupo: interventi brevi con gruppi di pazienti in Ospedale Psichiatrico Giudiziario. [The grammar of Montelupo: brief group interventions with offender psychiatric patient confined to a mental institute]. Psicologia della Salute, 1: 99-112. DOI: 10.3280/PDS2014-00100
  34. Ruini C., Ottolini F., Rafanelli C., Ryff C. e Fava G.A. (2003). La validazione italiana delle Psychological Well-being Scales (PWB). [Italian validation of Psychological Well-being Scales]. (PWB) Rivista di Psichiatria, 38: 117-130. DOI: 10.1708/173.186
  35. Ryff C.D. (1989). Happiness Is Everything. or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57: 1069-1081. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.106
  36. Ryff C.D., Love G.D., Muller D., Urry H., Friedman E.M., Davidson R. and Singer B. (2006). Psychological Well-Being and Ill-Being: Do They Have Distinct or Mirrored Biological Correlates? Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 75: 85-95. DOI: 10.1159/00009089
  37. Scilligo P. (2004). La nuova sinfonia dei molti sé. Roma: Editrice Las.
  38. Stern D.N. (2004). The Present Moment in Psychotherapy and Everyday Life. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.
  39. Stück M., Villegas A. (2012). Overview on biodanza research an 8-aspect-approach. Biopsychological Basics of Life, 1: 4-13.
  40. Stück M., Villegas A., Schroeder H., Sack U., Terren R., Toro V. and Toro R. (2004). Biodanza as Mirrored in the sciences: Research concerning the psychological, physiological and immunological effects of Biodanza. Arts in Psychotherapy, 31 (3): 204.
  41. Sudres J.L., Villac M., Brandibas G. (2012). La Biodanza: une technique médiatisée integrative. Présentation et éléments d’évalutation [Biodanza: an holistic mediatized technique. Presentation and elements of assessment]. Confinia Psychopathologica, 1 (2): 51-86.
  42. Taylor A.H. (2000). Physical activity. anxiety. and stress. In: Biddle S.J.H., Fox K.R. and Boutcher S.H., eds. Physical Activity and Psychological Well-being. London: Routledge, pp. 10-45.
  43. Taylor G.J. and Bagby R.M. (2004). New Trends in Alexithymia Research. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 73: 68-77. DOI: 10.1159/00007553
  44. Taylor G.J., Bagby R.M. and Parker J.D.A. (1997). Disorders of affect regulation. Alexithymia in medical and psychiatric illness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  45. Tolmunem T., Lehto S.M., Heliste M., Kurl S. and Kauhanem J. (2010). Alexithymia is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in middle-aged finnish men. Psychosomatic
  46. Medicine, 72 (2): 187-191. DOI: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181c65d0
  47. Toro R. (2000). Biodanza. Integrazione esistenziale e sviluppo umano attraverso la musica, il movimento, l’espressione delle emozioni [Biodanza, existential integration and human development through music and movement, the expression of emotions]. Milano: Red.
  48. Villegas A. (2012). Investigation of the impact of the dance-oriented intervention method Biodanza. Basics of Life, 1: 14-23.
  49. Waller E. and Scheidt CE. (2004). Somato-form disorders as disorders of affect regulation: A study comparing the TAS-20 with non-self-report measures of alexithymia. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57: 239-247.
  50. Willems. H. and Kautt Y. (1999). Coding the Body: Gender. Society and Culture. Sociologia Internationalis, 37 (2): 131-156.
  51. Yoon K.L. and Joormann J. (2012). Stress reactivity in social anxiety disorder with and without comorbid depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121: 250-255. DOI: 10.1037/a002507
  52. Zambianchi M. e Ricci Bitti P.E. (2014). Prospettiva temporale e benessere sociale
  53. nell’adulto emergente. [Time Perspective and Social Well-Being in Emerging Adulthood]. Psicologia della Salute, 1: 125-138. DOI: 10.3280/PDS2014-00100

  • Holistic movement practices – An emerging category of physical activity for exercise psychology Ineke Vergeer, Mattias Johansson, Jonathan Y. Cagas, in Psychology of Sport and Exercise 101870/2021 pp.101870
    DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101870
  • Diversification of Physical Activities: An Exploration of Provision Characteristics of Holistic Movement Practices in a Large Australian City Ineke Vergeer, Bojana Klepac-Pogrmilovic, in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health /2021 pp.10365
    DOI: 10.3390/ijerph181910365

Maria Teresa Giannelli, Patrizia Giannino, Alessandro Mingarelli, Efficacia sulla salute di un corso annuale di Biodanza: uno studio empirico in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2015, pp 84-107, DOI: 10.3280/PDS2015-001009