Religious identity formation and interpersonal relationships

Author/s Maria Brambilla
Publishing Year 2015 Issue 2015/2 Language Italian
Pages 15 P. 361-375 File size 229 KB
DOI 10.3280/RIP2015-002006
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The present paper highlights the link between religious identity formation and interpersonal relationships, which seems to be a crucial element in order to understand the variety of ways of endorsing religiosity. In fact, social psychology recently devoted more and more attention to the emotional and relational aspects of everyone’s life experience which can affect the concept of oneself as a religious person. Here we consider in particular (1) the distinction between an "introjected" and an "identified" religious identity and (2) the role of interpersonal relationships, in particular with the family and the peer group, in contributing to the development of religious identity. These lines of investigation, increasingly popular in social psychology during the last decade, have been recently investigated also with Italian youths: three studies are reviewed that have analyzed the definition of religious identity, the influence of family and group relationships and the consequences of different ways of endorsing religion on intergroup relationships. In conclusion, we emphasize the importance of the emotional and relational aspects in the formation of religious identity .

Keywords: Religious identity, interpersonal relationships, family, youth

  1. Acock, A.C., & Bengtson, V.L. (1980). Socialization and attribution processes: actual versus perceived similarity among parents and youth. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 43, 501-518.
  2. Assor, A., Cohen-Malayev, M., Kaplan, A., & Friedman, D. (2005). Choosing to stay religious in a modern world: socialization and exploration processes leading to an integrated internalization of religion among Israeli Jewish youth. Motivation and Religion, 14, 105-150. DOI: 10.1016/S0749-7423(05)14005-9
  3. Assor, A., Roth, G., & Deci, E.L. (2004). The emotional costs of parents’ conditional regard: a self-determination theory analysis. Journal of Personality, 72, 47-88. DOI: 10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00256.x
  4. Bader, C.D., & Desmond, S.A. (2006). Do as I say and as I do : the effects of consistent parental beliefs and behaviors upon religious transmission. Sociology of Religion, 67, 313-329. DOI: 10.1093/socrel/67.3.313
  5. Barni, D., Ranieri, S., Scabini, E., & Rosnati, R. (2011). Value transmission in the family: do adolescents accept the values their parents want to transmit? Journal of Moral Education, 40, 105-121. DOI: 10.1080/03057240.2011.553797
  6. Bao, W.N., Whitbeck, L.B., Hoyt, D.R., & Conger, R.D. (1999). Perceived parental acceptance as a moderator of religious transmission among adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61, 362-374.
  7. Benston, V.L., Copen, C.E., Putney, N.M., & Silverstein, M. (2009). A Longitudinal Study of Intergenerational Transmission of Religion. International Sociology, 24, 325. DOI: 10.1177/0268580909102911
  8. Brambilla, M. (2014). Tu credi? Sguardo sull’identità religiosa dei giovani. Milano, Italy: Vita e Pensiero.
  9. Brambilla, M., Assor, A., Manzi, C., & Regalia, C. (2014). Autonomous versus controlled religiosity: family and group antecedents. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion. DOI: 10.1080/10508619.2014.888902
  10. Brambilla, M., Manzi, C., & Regalia, C. (2014). Italian Validation of the Christian Religious Internalization Scale. TPM-AP, accepted manuscript.
  11. Brambilla, M., Manzi, C., Regalia, C., & Verkuyten, M. (2013). Religiosity and Prejudice : Different Patterns for Two Types of Religious Internalization. The Journal of Social Psychology, 153, 486-498. DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2013.768592.
  12. Brody, G.H., Stoneman, Z., Flor, D. L., & McCrary, C. (1994). Religion’s role in organizing family relationships: Family processes in rural, two-parent African-American families. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56, 878-888.
  13. Cohen, A.B., Hall, D.E., Koenig, H.G., & Meador, K.G. (2005). Social versus individual motivation: implications for normative definitions of religious orientation. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 9, 48-61. DOI: 10.1207/s15327957pspr0901_4
  14. Cohen, A.B., Siegel, J.I., & Rozin, P. (2003). Faith versus practice: Different bases for religiosity judgments by Jews and Protestants. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 287-295. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.148
  15. Dollahite, D.C., & Thatcher, J.Y. (2008). Talking about religion: how highly religious youth and parents discuss their faith. Journal of Adolescent Research, 23, 611-641. DOI: 10.1177/0743558408322141
  16. Flere, S. J., & Lavricˇ, M. (2007). Is intrinsic religious orientation a culturally specific American Protestant concept? The fusion of intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientation among non-Protestants. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38, 521-530. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp
  17. Flor, D.L., & Knapp, N.F. (2001). Transmission and transaction: predicting adolescents’ internalization of parental religious values perspectives. Journal of Family Psychology, 15, 627-645. DOI: 10.1037/0893-3200.15.4.627
  18. Fowler, J.W. (1981). Stages of faith. San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row.
  19. Fowler, J.W. (2009). Faith Development Theory and the Postmodern Challenges. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 11, 159-172. DOI: 10.1207/S15327582IJPR1103
  20. Fowler, J.W., & Dell, M.L. (2006). Stages of faith from infancy through adolescence: Reflections on three decades of faith development theory. In: E. C.Roehlkepartain, L.M. Wagener, & P.L. Benson (Eds.), The handbook of spiritual development in childhood and adolescence (pp. 34-45). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. French, D.C., Eisenberg, N., Sallquist, J., Purwono, U., Lu, T., & Christ, S. (2013). Parent-adolescent relationships, religiosity, and the social adjustment of Indonesian Muslim adolescents. Journal of family psychology , 27, 421-30. DOI: 10.1037/a0032858
  21. Hall, D.E., Meador, K.G., & Koenig, H.G. (2008). Measuring religiousness in health research: review and critique. Journal of Religion and Health, 47, 134-63. DOI: 10.1007/s10943-008-9165-2
  22. Hoge, D.R., & Keeter, L.G. (1976). Determinants of college teachers’ religious beliefs and participation. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 15, 221-235.
  23. Hoge, D.R., & Petrillo, G.H. (1978). Determinants of church participation and attitudes among high school youth. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 17, 359-379.
  24. Hoge, D.R., Petrillo, G.H., & Smith, E.I. (1982). Transmission of religious and social values from parents to teenage children. Family Relations, 44, 569-580. DOI: 10.2307/351580
  25. Hunsberger, B. (1985). Parent–university student agreement on religious and nonreligious issues. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 24, 314-320.
  26. Kim-Spoon, J., Longo, G.S., & McCullough, M.E. (2012). Adolescents who are less religious than their parents are at risk for externalizing and internalizing symptoms: the mediating role of parent-adolescent relationship quality. Journal of Family Psychology, 26, 636-41. DOI: 10.1037/a0029176
  27. Krause, N., & Ellison, C.G. (2007). Parental Religious Socialization Practices and Self-Esteem in Late Life. Review of Religious Research, 49, 109-127.
  28. Lawrence, J.A., & Valsiner, J. (1993). Conceptual roots of internalization: From transmission to trans- formation. Human Development, 36, 150-167.
  29. Litchfield, A.W., & Thomas, D.L. (1997). Dimensions of Religiosity as Mediators of the Relations Between Parenting and Adolescent Deviant Behavior. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12, 199-226.
  30. Myers, S.M. (1996). An Interactive Model of Religiosity Inheritance: The Importance of Family Context. American Sociological Review, 61, 858-866.
  31. Nelsen, H.M. (1981). Gender Difference in the Effects of Parental Discord on Preadolescent Religiousness. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 20, 351-60.
  32. Oman, D., & Thoresen, C.E. (2003). Spiritual modeling: A key to spiritual and religious growth? The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 13, 149-165.
  33. Ozorak, E.W. (1989). Social and Cognitive Influences on the Development of Religious Beliefs and Commitment in Adolescence. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 28, 448-463.
  34. Pearce, L.D., & Axinn, W.G. (1998). The impact of family religious life on the quality of mother-child relations. American Sociological Review, 63, 810-28.
  35. Potvin, R.H., & Sloan, D.M. (1985). Parental control, age, and religious practice. Review of Religious Research, 27, 3-14. Rambo, L.R. (1993). Understanding religious conversion. New Haven: CT: Yale University Press.
  36. Regnerus, M.D. (2003). Religion and positive adolescent outcomes: a review of research and theory. Review of Religious Research, 44, 394-413.
  37. Regnerus, M.D., & Uecker, J.E. (2006). Finding faith, losing faith: the prevalence and context of religious transformations during adolescence. Review of Religious Research, 47, 217-237.
  38. Regnerus, M. D., Smith, C., & Smith, B. (2004). Social Context in the Development of Adolescent Religiosity. Applied Developmental Science, 8, 27–38.
  39. Ryan, R.M., & Deci, E.L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. The American Psychologist, 55(1), 68-78.
  40. Ryan, R.M., Rigby, S., & King, K. (1993). Two types of religious internalization and their relations to religious orientations and mental health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 586-96. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.65.3.586
  41. Schwartz, K.D. (2006). Transformations in Parent and Friend Faith Support Predicting Adolescents’ Religious Faith. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 16, 311-326. DOI: 10.1207/s15327582ijpr1604
  42. Schwartz, K.D., Bukowski, W.B., & Aoki, W.T. (2006). Mentors, friends, and gurus: Peer and nonparent influences on spiritual development. In E.C. Roehlkepartain, P.E. King, L. Wagner, & P.L. Benson (Eds.), The handbook of spiritual development in childhood and adolescence (pp. 310–323). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication.
  43. Sherkat, D.E. (1998). Counterculture or continuity? Competing influences on baby boomers’ religious orientations and participation. Social Forces, 76, 1087-1115.
  44. Smith, C., & Denton, M.L. (2005). Soul searching: The religious and spiritual lives of American teenagers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  45. Spilman, S.K., Neppl, T.K., Donnellan, M.B., Schofield, T.J., & Conger, R.D. (2013). Incorporating religiosity into a developmental model of positive family functioning across generations. Developmental Psychology, 49, 762-774. DOI: 10.1037/a0028418
  46. Streib, H. (2001). Faith Development Theory Revisited: The Religious Styles Perspective. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 11, 143-158. DOI: 10.1207/S15327582IJPR1103
  47. Streib, H., Hood, R.W.Jr., & Klein, C. (2010) The Religious Schema Scale: Construction and Initial Validation of a Quantitative Measure for Religious Styles. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 20, 151-172. DOI: 10.1080/10508619.2010.481223
  48. Vermeer, P., Janssen, J., & Scheepers, P. (2012). Authoritative Parenting and the Transmission of Religion in the Netherlands : A Panel Study. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 22, 42-59.
  49. 10.1080/10508619.2012.635055. Wilson, J., & Sherkat, D.E. (1994). Returning to the Fold. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 33, 148-161.
  50. Wuthnow, R. (1999). Growing Up Religious: Christians and Jews and their Journeys of Faith. Boston, MA: Beacon Press
  51. Boyatzis,C.J.,&Janicki,D.L.(2003).Parent-childcommunicationaboutreligion:surveyanddiarydataonunilateraltransmissionandbi-directionalreciprocitystyles.ReviewofReligiousResearch,44,

Maria Brambilla, La formazione dell’identita religiosa e le relazioni interpersonali in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 2/2015, pp 361-375, DOI: 10.3280/RIP2015-002006