Internet as a cultural artifact at the service of religious movements

Author/s Rosa Scardigno, Giuseppe Mininni
Publishing Year 2015 Issue 2015/2 Language Italian
Pages 18 P. 391-408 File size 192 KB
DOI 10.3280/RIP2015-002008
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

In the perspective of cultural and discursive psychology, religions can be defined as "systems of meaning" (Park, 2005) - that offer to believers sets of beliefs, aims and a subjective feeling of meaningfulness - and as "systems of communication" (Pace, 2004; Scardigno, 2010), that facilitate the construction of a subjective and "mediated" relation with the Transcendent. In the efforts to answer to the changed needs and to the new forms of competitions of the "religious market" (Iannaccone e Berman, 2006), religious movements adapt and update their contents and channels of communication: Internet, through its discursive universe and its limitless explorative possibilities, offers unprecedented chances of deepening and participation to the traditional religious practices and satisfies those who want to meet other religious forms of life. In accordance with this theoretical background, the aim of the present work is to analyze some Italian websites of religious movements in order to investigate the strategies of construction of messages and to catch eventual differences to both value and discursive level. Working on different levels of the qualitative pole in the continuum offered by methodologies in psychosocial research, the analysis of the rhetoric-argumentative strategies typical of discourse analysis (Mininni, 2013) and the content analysis made through the software T-Lab (Lancia, 2004) emphasize the interpretative possibilities of the qualitative methods to gain the peculiarities and the specific communicative profiles of the different religious movements by anchoring to the tradition and, on the other side, by giving impulse to new beliefs and practices.

Keywords: Meaning; mediation, websites, new religious movements, discourse analysis, content analysis.

  1. Belzen, J.A. (1999). The cultural-psychological approach to religion: Contemporary debates on the object of the discipline. Theory and Psychology, 9, 229-256. DOI: 10.1177/095935439992004
  2. Belzen, J.A. (2004). Spirituality, culture and mental health: Prospects and risks for contemporary psychology of religion. Journal of Religion and Health, 43(4), 291-316. DOI: 10.1007/s10943-004-4298-4
  3. Bruner, J.S. (1990). Acts of meanings. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  4. Trad. it. La ricerca del significato. Per una psicologia culturale. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri. 1992.
  5. Cole, M. (1996). Cultural psychology: A once and future discipline. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press Derrida, J. (1976). Of Grammatology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  6. Derrida, J. (1988). Afterword: Toward an ethic discussion. In J. Derrida, Limited Inc. (pp. 111-160). Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
  7. Di Blasio, P., & Milani, L. (2008). Computer-mediated communication and persuasion: Peripheral vs. central route to opinion shift. Computers in Human Behavior, 24, 798-815. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2007.02.011
  8. Di Marzio, R. (2010). Nuove religioni e sette. La psicologia di fronte alle nuove forme di culto. Roma: Edizioni Magi.
  9. Iannaccone, L.R., & Berman, E. (2006). The good, the bad, and the deadly. Public Choises, 128, 109-129. DOI: 10.1007/s11127-006-9047-7
  10. Inghilleri, P., & Riva, E. (2009). I fondamenti della psicologia culturale. In P. Inghilleri (Ed.) Psicologia culturale (pp. 3-48). Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore.
  11. Introvigne, M. (1998). L’esplosione delle nuove religioni. Seminarium, XXXVIII(4), 719-749.
  12. Lancia, F. (2004). Strumenti per l’analisi dei testi. Introduzione all’uso del TLab. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  13. Mazzara, B.M. (Ed.) (2007). Prospettive di psicologia culturale. Modelli teorici e contesti d’azione. Roma: Carocci.
  14. McIntosh, D.N. (1995). Religion as a schema, with implications for the relation between religion and Coping. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 5, 1-16. DOI: 10.1207/s15327582ijpr0501_1
  15. Mininni, G. (1995). Discorsiva mente. Napoli: Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane.
  16. Mininni, G. (2003). Il discorso come forma di vita. Napoli: Alfredo Guida.
  17. Mininni, G., Scardigno, R., & Rubino, R. (2008). The Gestalt texture of discourse. Gestalt Theory, 30(3), 225-232.
  18. Pace, E. (2008). Raccontare Dio. La religione come comunicazione. Bologna: il Mulino.
  19. Park, C.L. (2005). Religion as a meaning making framework in coping with life stress. Journal of Social Issues, 61(4), 707-729. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2005.00428.x
  20. Silberman, I. (2005). Religion as a meaning system: Implications for the new millennium. Journal of Social Issues, 61(4), 641-663. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2005.00425.x
  21. Troeltsch, E. (1923). Die Soziallehren der christlichen Kirchen und Gruppen. Tubingen: Mohr. Trad. it. Le dottrine sociali delle Chiese e dei gruppi cristiani. Firenze: La Nuova Italia, 1960.
  22. Van Dijk, T.A. (1997). The study of discourse. In T.A. Van Dijk (Ed), Discourse as structure and process (pp. 1-34). London: Sage Publications.
  23. Vygotskij, L. (1934). Myslenie i rec. Moskva-Leningrad: Socekgiz. Trad. it. Pensiero e linguaggio. Firenze: Giunti Barbera. 1966.
  24. Wittgenstein, L. (1953). Philosophische Untersuchungen. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Trad. it. di R. Piovesan e M. Trinchero, Ricerche filosofiche. Torino, Einaudi.
  25. 1967. Wundt, W. (1900–1909). Völkerpsychologie: Eine Untersuchung der Entwicklungsgesetze von Sprache, Mythos und Sitte. Leipzig: Engelmann.

Rosa Scardigno, Giuseppe Mininni, Internet come artefatto culturale al servizio dei movimenti religiosi in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 2/2015, pp 391-408, DOI: 10.3280/RIP2015-002008