Leibniz on Error: between Descartes and Spinoza. Will, Judgement and the Concept of Reality

Author/s Stefano Di Bella
Publishing Year 2016 Issue 2016/4
Language English Pages 13 P. 713-725 File size 47 KB
DOI 10.3280/SF2016-004010
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Descartes’ theory of error is based on the attribution of judgment to the faculty of (free) will and on the wider scope of the latter with respect to perception. Against this theory, Spinoza rejects every distinction between perception and will, emphasizing that every perception has by itself an assertive force, which can be prevented only by some opposing perception. The author tries to show how Leibniz, while willing to maintain the distinction between perception and will, nevertheless adopts and develops this Spinozian idea in his psychological study on the "series of thoughts". This idea is developed in the context of a phenomenistic view of reality, where Leibniz tries to make sense of the judgement of reality in pragmatistic terms - i.e. through the striving to act, connected to some of our perceptions - or in terms of the coherence of perceptions themselves.

Keywords: Judgement, reality, phenomenalism, Leibniz, Spinoza

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Stefano Di Bella, Leibniz on Error: between Descartes and Spinoza. Will, Judgement and the Concept of Reality in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 4/2016, pp 713-725, DOI: 10.3280/SF2016-004010