The port community system as a local innovation system: A theoretical framework

Author/s Marco Ferretti, Eva Panetti, Adele Parmentola, Marcello Risitano
Publishing Year 2017 Issue 2017/1 Language English
Pages 22 P. 97-118 File size 133 KB
DOI 10.3280/MC2017-001006
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

A Local Innovation Systems (LIS) is defined as an innovative network characterized by the heterogeneous nature and the spatial proximity of the actors, presenting a high level of social embeddedness and a base of analytical knowledge. On the other hand, academic research on port community systems considers ports as complex systems where mechanisms of coordination and cooperation between local partners play a crucial role in supporting the competitiveness and the efficiency of the port itself. Few studies have combined to date, the perspective of port community as a complex system with the complex nature of innovation systems. The paper provides an original theoretical framework to study port communities from a local innovation system perspective. In particular, the article investigates the elements of complexity typical of a LIS in the specific case of Port Community Systems. The article will focus on the localised nature of innovation processes within a Port Community System as well as the existence of inter-organizational relationships occurring among actors of heterogeneous nature (i.e. firms, local institutions and research organizations). These relationships will be analysed according to the innovative value of the economic externalities they are able to produce and according to their ability to confer economic value to the results of academic research.

Keywords: Local innovation systems, triple helix, port community, port competitiveness, port of Rotterdam, spatial proximity

  1. Bai X., & Lam J.S.L. (2015). Dynamic regional port cluster development: case of the ports across Taiwan Strait. GeoJournal, 80(5): 619-636.
  2. Brooks M.R. (2004). The governance structure of ports. Review of Network Economics, 3(2).
  3. Brooks M.R., & Cullinane K. (2006). Governance models definendo. Research in Transportation Economics, 17: 405-435.
  4. Bunnell T.G., & Coe N.M. (2001). Spaces and scales of innovation. Progress in Human geography, 25(4): 569-589.
  5. Carson D.A., Carson D.B., & Hodge H. (2014). Understanding local innovation systems in peripheral tourism destinations. Tourism Geographies, 16(3): 457-473.
  6. Cepolina S., & Ghiara H. (2013). New trends in port strategies. Emerging role for ICT infrastructures. Research in Transportation Business & Management, 8: 195-205.
  7. Chung C.K., Choi H.J. (2009). An analysis on determination for competitiveness of export marketing in Korea exporting companies. Int. Comm. Inform. Res., 11(3): 217-237.
  8. Comtois C., & Slack B. (2007). Restructuring the maritime transportation industry: Global overview of sustainable development practices (No. RTQ-07-01).
  9. Cooke P., Uranga M. G., & Etxebarria G. (1997). Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions. Research policy, 26(4): 475-491.
  10. Cooke P. (2001). Regional innovation systems, clusters, and the knowledge economy. Industrial and corporate change, 10(4): 945-974.
  11. Córdova F.M., Durán C.A., & Galindo R. (2015). The Chilean medium-sized port companies in knowledge management: diagnosis, challenges and trends. Procedia Computer Science, 55: 1133-1142.
  12. Cox A.W. (1997). Business success: A way of thinking about strategy, critical supply, chain assets and operational best practice. Earlsgate Press.
  13. de Langen P.W., & Visser E.J. (2005). Collective action regimes in seaport clusters: the case of the Lower Mississippi port cluster. Journal of Transport Geography, 13(2): 173-186.
  14. De Martino M., Errichiello L., Marasco A., & Morvillo A. (2013). Logistics innovation in seaports: An inter-organizational perspective. Research in Transportation Business & Management, 8: 123-133.
  15. De Martino M. (2015). L’innovazione collaborativa nei porti: aspetti metodologici ed alcune evidenze empiriche. Economia e diritto del terziario.
  16. Doloreux D., & Parto S. (2004). Regional innovation systems: a critical synthesis. Institute for New Technologies, United Nations University.
  17. Ducruet C., & Notteboom T. (2012). The worldwide maritime network of container shipping: spatial structure and regional dynamics. Global Networks, 12(3): 395-423.
  18. Edquist C. (2011). Systems of innovation: perspectives and challenges. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 2(3): 14-43.
  19. Etzkovitz H. (1993). Science Policy in the Clinton Administration: the transition from military to civilian norms. Science and Technology Policy, 8.
  20. Fagerberg J., Martin B.R., & Andersen E.S. (Eds.) (2013). Innovation studies: evolution and future challenges. Oxford: OUP.
  21. Ferrari C., & Musso E. (2011). Italian ports: towards a new governance? Maritime Policy & Management, 38(3): 335-346.
  22. Ferretti M., & Parmentola A. (2015). The Creation of Local Innovation Systems in Emerging Countries: The Role of Governments, Firms and Universities. Springer.
  23. Freeman C. (1987). Technology Policy and Economic Performance: Lessons from Japan. London: Pinter.
  24. Hall P.V., & Jacobs W. (2009). Ports in proximity, proximity in ports: towards a typology. Ports in proximity. Farnham: Ashagate, 29-40.
  25. Hall P.V., & Jacobs W. (2010). Shifting proximities: The maritime ports sector in an era of global supply chains. Regional Studies, 44(9): 1103-1115.
  26. Jacobs W., & Hall P.V. (2007). What conditions supply chain strategies of ports? The case of Dubai. GeoJournal, 68(4): 327-342.
  27. Lam J.S.L., & Zhang W. (2011). Analysis on Development Interplay between Port and Maritime Cluster. In: First International Workshop on Port Economics, National University of Singapore (December 5-6).
  28. Leydesdorff L. (2013). Triple helix of university-industry-government relations (pp. 1844-1851). New York: Springer.
  29. Lee C.H., Ryoo D.K., Shin Y.J. (2010). A study on the effects of the competitive factors and the partnership of ship management companies on their business performances. J. Hum. Resour. Management, 17(4): 25-52.
  30. Lundvall B.Å. (Ed.) (2010). National systems of innovation: Toward a theory of innovation and interactive learning (Vol. 2). Anthem Press.
  31. Martin J., & Thomas B.J. (2001). The container terminal community. Maritime Policy & Management, 28(3): 279-292.
  32. Ng A.K., & Pallis A.A. (2010). Port governance reforms in diversified institutional frameworks: generic solutions, implementation asymmetries. Environment and Planning A, 42(9): 2147-2167.
  33. Nijdam M.H., & de Langen P.W. (2003). Leader firms in the Dutch maritime cluster. In European Congress of the Regional Science Association-ERSA. 27th-30th, Finland.
  34. Notteboom T.E. (2009). Complementarity and substitutability among adjacent gateway ports. Environment and Planning A, 41(3): 743-762.
  35. Notteboom T.E. (2009). Path dependency and contingency in the development of multi-port gateway regions and multi-port hub regions. Ports in Proximity: Competition and Coordination among Adjacent Seaports, 55-72.
  36. Notteboom T., De Langen P., & Jacobs W. (2013). Institutional plasticity and path dependence in seaports: interactions between institutions, port governance reforms and port authority routines. Journal of Transport Geography, 27: 26-35.
  37. Notteboom T.E., & Rodrigue J.P. (2005). Port regionalization: towards a new phase in port development. Maritime Policy & Management, 32(3): 297-313.
  38. Pallis T., Parola F., Risitano M., Ferretti M. (2015). Port authorities marketing strategies: conceptualization and hierarchical evaluation”, paper submitted at European Conference on Shipping, Intermodalism and Ports (ECONSHIP2015): Shipping and Ports at Crossroads: Competition, Global Sourcing and Regulatory Challenges, June 24-27, Chios, Greece.
  39. Simoni M., Schiavone F., (2009). Il ruolo della grande impresa nello sviluppo dei poli innovativi. Milano: McGraw-Hill.
  40. Stake R.E. (1995). The art of case study research. Sage.
  41. van der Lugt L., Dooms M., & Parola F. (2013). Strategy making by hybrid organizations: The case of the port authority. Research in Transportation Business & Management, 8: 103-113.
  42. Verhoeven P. (2009). European ports policy: meeting contemporary governance challenges. Maritime Policy & Management, 36(1): 79-101.
  43. Verhoeven P. (2010). A review of port authority functions: towards a renaissance?. Maritime Policy & Management, 37(3): 247-270.
  44. Verhoeven P. (2014). Port privatisation in the United Kingdom and Continental Europe: An evaluation of past experience and new drivers. Port infrastructure finance, 111-140.
  45. Wang K., Ng A.K., Lam J.S.L., & Fu X. (2012). Cooperation or competition? Factors and conditions affecting regional port governance in South China. Maritime Economics & Logistics, 14(3): 386-408.
  46. Yin R.K. (2013). Case study research: Design and methods. Sage publications.
  47. Yoon J., Lee H.Y., & Dinwoodie J. (2015). Competitiveness of container terminal operating companies in South Korea and the industry-university-government network. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 80: 1-14.

  • The port authority as system builder in cross-border regionalization: An exploratory study of port Esbjerg in the development of north sea wind Henrik Sornn-Friese, Petar Sofev, Kirils Kondratenko, in Maritime Transport Research 100084/2023 pp.100084
    DOI: 10.1016/j.martra.2023.100084

Marco Ferretti, Eva Panetti, Adele Parmentola, Marcello Risitano, The port community system as a local innovation system: A theoretical framework in "MERCATI & COMPETITIVITÀ" 1/2017, pp 97-118, DOI: 10.3280/MC2017-001006