Gli effetti della digitalizzazione e delle ICT sulla salute e la sicurezza dei lavoratori. Una interpretazione sociologica

Journal title SALUTE E SOCIETÀ
Author/s Umberto Pagano, Emilio Gardini
Publishing Year 2020 Issue 2020/1
Language Italian Pages 15 P. 52-66 File size 189 KB
DOI 10.3280/SES2020-001005
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The article lists the main effects of the new "Industry 4.0" paradigm on the health and safety of workers and provides a sociological interpretation, on the basis of the utmost recent interna-tional literature. The results highlight how the large-scale diffusion of "smarts factories" is profoundly changing the type and measure of work-related risks: while some of them are de-creasing, new ones are arising. The overall result is not at all obvious and the Social Sciences are just at the beginning of a fundamental critical path on this theme.

Keywords: Industria 4.0 e 5.0; SSL; Robotica; Intelligenza artificiale; Cobot; Sociologia.

  1. Asimov I. (1942). Runaround. Astounding Science Fiction, 29(1): 94-103.
  2. Asimov I. (1956). The Naked Sun. New York: Street & Smith Publications Inc. (trad. it.: Il sole nudo. Milano: Mondadori, 2013).
  3. Avent R. (2016). The wealth of humans: Work and its absence in the twenty-first century. New York: Allen Lane.
  4. Bertschek I., Clement R., Buhr D., Hirsch-Kreinsen H., Falck O., Heimisch A., Jacob-Puchalska A., Mazat A. (2015). Industrie 4.0: Digitale Wirtschaft – Herausforderung und Chance für Unternehmen und Arbeitswelt. Ifo Schnelldienst, 68(10): 3-18.
  5. Boobier T. (2018). Advanced analytics and AI. Impact, Implementation, and the Future of Work. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
  6. Brynjolfsson E., McAfee A. (2014). The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
  7. Carreras-Guzman N.H., Wied M., Kozine I., Lundteigen M.A. (2019). Conceptualizing the key features of cyber-physical systems in a multi-layered representation for safety and security analysis. Systems Engineering, August 2019.
  8. Chotpitayasunondh V., Douglas K.M. (2016). How “phubbing” becomes the norm: The antecedents and consequences of snubbing via smartphone. Computers in Human Behavior, 63: 9-18.
  9. Cipriani A., Gramolati A., Mari G., a cura di (2018). Il lavoro 4.0. La quarta rivoluzione industriale e le trasformazioni delle attività lavorative. Firenze: Firenze University Press.
  10. Daugherty P.H., Wilson H. J. (2018). Human + Machine: reimagining work in the age of AI. Boston, US: Harvard Business Press.
  11. Davenport T.H. (2018). The AI advantage. How to Put the Artificial Intelligence revolution to work. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  12. EU-OSHA – European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2018). Foresight on new and emerging occupational safety and health risks associated with digitalisation by 2025. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. DOI: 10.2802/51583
  13. EU-OSHA – European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2019). The fourth industrial revolution and social innovation in the workplace. Discussion Paper. -- Testo disponibile al sito: (01/09/2019).
  14. Han B.C. (2013). Im Schwarm. Ansichten des Digitalen. Berlin: Matthes & Seitz (trad. it.: Nello sciame. Visioni del digitale. Milano: Nottetempo, 2015).
  15. Hirsch-Kreinsen H. (2015). Digitalisierung von Arbeit: Folgen, Grenzen und Perspektiven. Soziologisches Arbeitspapier, 43.
  16. ILO – International Labour Organization (2019). Safety and health at the heart of the future of work. Building on 100 years of experience. -- Testo disponibile al sito: events/safeday/WCMS_686645/lang--en/index.htm (20/06/2019).
  17. INAIL (2018). “Sfide e cambiamenti per la salute e la sicurezza sul lavoro nell’era digitale”, atti del Seminario di aggiornamento dei professionisti Contarp, Csa, Cit, Firenze, 23-25 ottobre 2018. Quaderni della Rivista degli infortuni e delle malattie professionali, Edizione 2018. Milano: Tipografia INAIL.
  18. IoT Analytics (2018). State of the IoT & Short-term Outlook. Hamburg: IoT Analytics GmbH. -- Testo disponibile al sito: (10/09/2019).
  19. Johannssen J.A. (2018). The Workplace of the Future: The Fourth Industrial Revolution, the Precariat and the Death of Hierarchies. London e New York: Routledge.
  20. Levy F., Murnane R.J. (2012). The New Division of Labor: How computers are creating the next job market. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  21. Magone A., Mazali T., a cura di (2016). Industria 4.0. Uomini e macchine nella fabbrica digitale. Milano: Guerini e associati.
  22. Marx K. (1867). Das Kapital. Kritic der politischen Ökonomie. Hamburg: Otto Meissner; New-York: L.W. Schmidt (trad. it.: Il Capitale. Libro I. Roma: Editori Riuniti, 1980).
  23. Marx K. (1861-1863). Zur Kritic der politischen Ökonomie (manuskript 1861-1863). (trad. it.: Capitale e tecnologia. I manoscritti del 1861-1863. Roma: Editori Riuniti, 1980).
  24. Maturo A. (2012). La società bionica. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  25. Maurice P., Allienne L., Malaisé A., Ivaldi S. (2018). Ethical and Social Considerations for the Introduction of Human-Centered Technologies at Work. IEEE Workshop on Advanced Robotics and its Social Impacts (ARSO), 2018, Genova, -- Testo disponibile al sito: (02/09/2019). DOI: 10.1109/ARSO.2018.862583
  26. Moore V.P., Upchurch M., Whittaker X., a cura di (2018). Humans and Machines at Work. Monitoring, Surveillance and Automation in Contemporary Capitalism. London: Palgrave MacMillan.
  27. NASEM – National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2019). Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. DOI: 10.17226/2519
  28. Pagano U. (2011). L’uomo senza tempo. Riflessioni sociologiche sulla temporalità nell’epoca dell’accelerazione. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  29. Parlamento Europeo (2017). Risoluzione del Parlamento Europeo del 16 febbraio 2017 recante raccomandazioni alla Commissione concernenti norme di diritto civile sulla robotica (2015/2103(INL).
  30. Przybylski A.K., Murayama K., DeHaan C.R., Gladwell V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4): 1841-1848.
  31. Ramtin R. (1991). Capitalism and Automation. Revolution in Technology and Capitalist Breakdown. London: Pluto Press.
  32. Rosa H. (2015). Accelerazione e alienazione. Per una teoria critica della tarda modernità. Torino: Einaudi.
  33. Rose N. (2007). The politics of life itself. Biomedicine, Power and subjectivity in the twenty-first century. Princeton: Princeton University Press (trad. it.: La politica della vita. Torino: Einaudi, 2008).
  34. Sachsenmeier P. (2016). Industry 5.0 – The Relevance and Implications of Bionics and Synthetic Biology. Engineering, 2: 225-229.
  35. Scaglia A. (2019). Sociologia digitale. Introduzione critica. Roma: Eurilink.
  36. Schwab K. (2016). The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Geneva: World Economic Forum.
  37. Susskind R., Susskind D. (2015). The future of professions: How technology will transform the work of human experts. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  38. The Telegraph (2015). Robot kills man at Volkswagen plant in Germany, 02 Jul 2015. -- Testo disponibile al sito: (12/09/2019).
  39. Tronci M., Mercadante L., Ricciardi P. (2018). Industria 4.0: rischi e opportunità per la tutela e la sicurezza dei lavoratori. In: INAIL (2018), Sfide e cambiamenti per la salute e la sicurezza sul lavoro nell’era digitale. -- Testo disponibile al sito: (09/12/2019).
  40. West D.M. (2018). The future of work. Robots, AI and Automation. Washington: Brookings.
  41. Vinge V. (2003). Cookie Monster. Dell Magazines: first published in Analog Science Fact and Fiction (trad. it.: I simulacri. Milano: Delos Books, 2005).

Umberto Pagano, Emilio Gardini, Gli effetti della digitalizzazione e delle ICT sulla salute e la sicurezza dei lavoratori. Una interpretazione sociologica in "SALUTE E SOCIETÀ" 1/2020, pp 52-66, DOI: 10.3280/SES2020-001005