The two distinct systems of socialist Albania and SFR Yugoslavia: A comparative analysis using Kornai’s ‘Main Line of Causality’

Author/s Eszter Kazinczy
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2021/2
Language English Pages 21 P. 31-51 File size 111 KB
DOI 10.3280/SPE2021-002002
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This paper compares two peculiar country cases within the former European socialist bloc: Albania and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Based on János Kornai’s ‘main line of causality’, we compare the two countries’ main char-acteristics from the end of the Second World War until the fall of their socialist re-gimes. The goal of the paper is to demonstrate that the two neighbouring countries had similar political and economic intentions following the Second World War; yet despite this fact the analysed countries’ development paths gradually diverged. As a result, the two systems differed fundamentally by the 1970s. Analysing the time-period in question is crucial to understand Albania’s and the successor Yugoslav states’ subsequent economic development.

Keywords: economic history, Albania, Yugoslavia, Kornai, communism

Jel codes: E19, N14, N44

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Eszter Kazinczy, The two distinct systems of socialist Albania and SFR Yugoslavia: A comparative analysis using Kornai’s ‘Main Line of Causality’ in "HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT AND POLICY" 2/2021, pp 31-51, DOI: 10.3280/SPE2021-002002