Benefit Companies in Italy. Between Common Good and Identity

Author/s Anna Balestra, Raul Caruso
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2022/1
Language Italian Pages 23 P. 117-139 File size 276 KB
DOI 10.3280/EP2022-001007
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The article aims to consider a central issue relating to the structure of contempo-rary legal systems, that is the tension between the democratic principle and the governance of the economy, placing this general theme in the more specific con-text of the relationship between the European Central Bank and the other Community Institutions. The thesis is supported that the purported neutrality of the ECB is illusory, whereas the latter, as an Authority whose fundamental mission is to guarantee price stability, tends to act as an apolitical regulation system of the economic system. This system obeys a lex mercatoria which is antithetical to the implementation of the social program set by the Charter, requiring the renunciation of certain decision-making instruments of a political nature which, in the constitu-tional design, responded to different logics. In this perspective, the birth of the ESCB marks a new phase of political consti-tutionalism, because its introduction places economic and financial stability as a sort of meta-value. This implies that there are no positive limits to his decision-making abilities by - for example - the European Parliament, in such a way as to limit the impact of the choices made on the subjective positions recognized to the person by national legal systems and by the European system itself. On the basis of these premises, the conclusion of the article is not in the sense of an anachronistic reduction of the role of the European Bank, but in the sense of pointing out that the main challenge of contemporary constitutionalism consists in the effort to bring back the decision-making processes involving the European government of money to the mechanisms of political responsibility and the guarantees of the subjective positions of the person

Keywords: benefit companies, benefit corporation, common good, hybrid organization, sustainability, impact entrepreneurship, corporate identity

Jel codes: M13, M14, L51

Anna Balestra, Raul Caruso, Le società benefit in Italia. Tra bene comune e identità in "ECONOMIA PUBBLICA " 1/2022, pp 117-139, DOI: 10.3280/EP2022-001007