Journal title ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA
Author/s Bruno Settis
Publishing Year 2016 Issue 2016/282 Language Italian
Pages 27 P. 114-140 File size 198 KB
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The essay provides an insight on a "local history of the Cold War": the so-called "factory courts" at Fiat which, in 1953, where set-up by management to reassert its disciplinary power (as it wrote in a letter to the President of the Chamber of Deputies, Giovanni Gronchi later that year) on the workforce and the traditional hierarchy on the labour process. The "defendants" were Communist militants and unionists (belonging to the Italian Federation of Metal Workers, Fiom). Drawing upon police, business and union sources, the author illustrates the reconstruction of the system of private guards and strikebreakers at Fiat and the events of the "factory courts", which became a political question in Turin and Rome. The role of industrial conflict and the weakness of the Italian State in front of capitalist private powers are therefore discussed.
Keywords: Cold War; Private Guards; Factory Courts; Fiom; Management
Bruno Settis, Produttori, sabotatori, sorveglianti I "tribunali di fabbrica" nella Fiat del 1953 in "ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA" 282/2016, pp 114-140, DOI: 10.3280/IC2016-282006