Models. From neighborhood to ‘quartiere’: the multiple translation of a discourse between Italy and America

Journal title TERRITORIO
Author/s Gaia Caramellino
Publishing Year 2018 Issue 2018/84 Language Italian
Pages 5 P. 36-40 File size 296 KB
DOI 10.3280/TR2018-084005
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Between the mid 1940s and the early 1960s, the neighborhood, in its multiple translations, adaptations and interpretations (‘quartiere’, ‘vicinato’ and ‘comunità’) became a recurrent reference for Italian architectural and planning culture, deeply affecting discourses and practice. The model of the ‘neighborhood unit’, codified by C. Perry during the 1920s and revised through the efforts of American professional culture during WWII, had a central role in the debate on post-war city planning, not only as tool for the reconstruction, but also as method for the design of public housing programs and projects, and tool of Italian planning during the 1960s. In the frame of a set of international references and exchanges, the paper intends to ‘map’ some of the places, occasions and biographies that contributed to vehiculate the dissemination of the concept in Italy, often generating misunderstandings and forms of resistance.

Keywords: Neighborhood; post-war Italian planning; transatlantic exchange

  1. Gabellini P., 2001, «I manuali: una strategia normativa». In: Di Biagi P. (a cura di), La grande ricostruzione. Il piano ina-Casa e l’Italia degli anni cinquanta. Roma: Donzelli, 99-112.
  2. Libera A., 1952, «ina-Casa. La scala del quartiere residenziale». In: INU, Esperienze urbanistiche in Italia. Roma.
  3. Mumford L., 1945, «Una introduzione Americana al ‘Garden Cities of Tomorrow’». Metron, 1.
  4. Mumford L., 1954, «The Neighborhood and the Neighborhood Unit’». The Town Planning Review, 24.
  5. Perry C., 1923, «The Relation of Neighborhood Forces to the Larger Community. Planning a City Neighborhood from the Social Point of View». Proceedings of the National Conference of Social Work. Formerly National Conference of Charities and Correction.
  6. Perry C., 1929, «The Neighborhood Unit. A Scheme of Arrangement for the Family-life Community». In: Regional Survey of New York and its Environs. Neighborhood and Community Planning, 7. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 22-140.
  7. Perry C., 1929, «Planning a Neighborhood Unit. Principles Which Would Give Added Character, Convenience and Safety to Outlying Sections of Cities». The American City, 41, 3: 124-127.
  8. Perry C., 1939, Housing for the Machine Age. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Piano incremento occupazione operaia case per lavoratori, 1950, 2. Suggerimenti, esempi e norme per la progettazione urbanistica. Progetti tipo. Roma.
  9. Quaroni L., 1956, «Città e quartiere nell’attuale fase critica di cultura». La Casa, 3.
  10. Quaroni L., 1957, «La politica del quartiere». Urbanistica, 22: 4-16.
  11. Radiconcini S., 1945, «Un villaggio Operaio di Neutra». Metron, 3.
  12. Scrivano P., 2013, Building Transatlantic Italy. Architectural Dialogues with Postwar America. London: Ashgate.
  13. Sert J.L., 1944, «The Human Scale in City Planning». In: Zucker P. (ed.), New Architecture and City Planning. A Symposium. New York: Philosophical Library, 392-413.
  14. Sert J.L., 1946, «La scala umana nell’urbanistica». Metron, 8.
  15. Architectural Forum (1943), «Planned Neighborhoods for 194X», 65, 10, numero monografico.
  16. Architectural Forum (1944), «Planned Neighborhoods for 194X», 79, 4, numero monografico.
  17. Metron (1946), «qt8: un quartiere modello», 11.
  18. Metron (1951), «Il quartiere sperimentale della Triennale di Milano (qt8)», 43.
  19. Urbanistica (1955), «Incontro Italo-Americano sulla pianificazione urbana e regionale», 17.
  20. Astengo G., 1954, «Falchera». Metron, 53-54.
  21. Calandra R., 1946, «La teoria americana della ‘Neighborhood Unit’». Metron, 6.
  22. Caramellino G., 2014, «Verso la definizione di un Housing Act: il contributo femminile al dibattito sull’edilizia pubblica a New York». Territorio, 69: 34-40. DOI: 10.3280/TR2014-069005
  23. Caramellino G., 2015, «Von der Settlement-Bewegung zum Wohlfahrtsprojekt. Mary Simkhovitchs Beitrag zum Diskurs uber den New Yorker Wohnungsbau». In: Frey K., Perotti E. (eds.), Theoretikerinnen des Städtebaus. Texte und Projekte für die Stadt (18.-21. Jh.), Berlino: Reimer Verlag, 89-124.
  24. Cooley C., 1909, Social Organization. A Study of a Larger Mind. New York: Scribner’s sons.
  25. Couperus S., Harm K., 2016, «In Search of the Social: Neighborhood and Community in Urban Planning in Europe and Beyond, 1920-1960». Journal of Urban History, 42: 987-991.
  26. Shanken A., 2006, «The uncharted Kahn: the visuality of planning and promotion in 1930s and 1940s». The Art Bulletin, 88: 310-327. DOI: 10.1080/00043079.2006.10786292
  27. Simkhovitch M., 1938, Neighborhood. My Story of the Greenwich House. New York: W.W.Norton & Company.
  28. Stonorov O., Kahn L., 1942, Why City Planning is your Responsibility? New York: Revere Copper & Bass.
  29. Stonorov O., Kahn L., 1944, You and your Neighborhood. A Primer on Community Planning. New York: Revere Copper & Bass.
  30. Unwin R., 1994, Town Planning in Practice. Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press (I ed. 1904).
  31. Cupers K., 2016, «Mapping and Making Community in the Postwar European City». Journal of Urban History, 42: 1009-1028.
  32. Follett M.P., 1918, The New State. Group Organization the Solution of Popular Government. New York: Longmans Greens.

  • Attrezzare territori, costruire spazi di urbanità. Note per uno sguardo di lungo periodo sull'infrastruttura scolastica italiana Cristina Renzoni, in ARCHIVIO DI STUDI URBANI E REGIONALI 132/2022 pp.18
    DOI: 10.3280/ASUR2021-132-S1002

Gaia Caramellino, Modelli. Dal neighborhood al quartiere: le traduzioni di un dibattito tra Italia e Stati Uniti in "TERRITORIO" 84/2018, pp 36-40, DOI: 10.3280/TR2018-084005